|Iffat Mounira bint Mohammad bin Saud Al Thunayan Al Saud|
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
|Died||17 February 2000 (aged 84)
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
|House||House of Saud|
|Father||Mohammad bin Saud Al Thunayan|
Iffat Al Thunayan (Arabic: عفت الثنيان, 1916 – 17 February 2000), also spelled Effat, was the most prominent wife of King Faisal. She is sometimes called Queen Iffat, Emira Iffat, or Princess Iffat. She is known for her efforts on the improvement of Saudi education. She was the founder of Taif model school and the first girl's college in Saudi Arabia.
Early life and education
Iffat's father was Mohammad bin Saud Al Thunayan, who was a military officer in the Ottoman army. He was killed sometime between 1918 and 1923 while fighting in the army. Her mother, Asia, was a Turkish woman, who was of Hungarian or Circassian origin. Iffat had a full-brother, Zaki, and two half-brothers, Kamal and Mozaffar.
Iffat was educated in Istanbul under the care of her aunt— Jawhara bint Abdullah Al Thunayan. Iffat was very poor. She went to school wearing shoes stuffed with paper instead of soles. She attained a teaching degree. Because of the fall of the Ottoman Empire, she and her family returned to Saudi Arabia. In 1925, Iffat's family asked for financial assistance for a Makkah pilgrimage for Iffat.
Her great-grandfather was governor of Riyadh during the 1840s. Her grandfather had been taken to Turkey as a prisoner of the Ottoman Empire following the collapse of the First Saudi State. One of Iffat's half-sisters was married to late Prince Sultan, Laila al Thunayyan. Her paternal uncle, Ahmed Al Thunayan (1889 - 1921), was one of the advisors to Ibn Saud.
Marriage with Faisal
In 1931, Prince Faisal met Iffat for the first time while she was undertaking a Makkah pilgrimage with her aunt. Prince Faisal, who served as viceroy of the Hijaz, took Iffat back to Turkey with her aunt. However, there is another report about their meeting for the first time, stating that they first met in Istanbul in 1932 when Prince Faisal visited the city following an official visit to Russia. It follows that he and Iffat went to Jeddah together after this incident. They married in Jeddah in 1932 and lived in Mecca.
As neither spoke the other's language, they taught each other. They had nine children – five sons and four daughters. Iffat was the mother of Mohammed, Bandar, Saud, Turki, Abdul Rahman, Lolowah and Haifa. Four of their children learned Turkish at home. Iffat became a fluent Arabic-speaker but never lost her Turkish accent.
Their sons are very educated and are alumni of Princeton, Harvard, Georgetown, Sandhurst, and Cranwell. She contracted foreign tutors to educate her daughters. The daughters later received additional education in Switzerland. In stark contrast, only 6 of the 107 children of Faisal's older brother – Saud— even completed high school.
Queen Iffat was an informal title given to her because of her beloved status in Saudi Arabia.
In 1967, Iffat began making public appearances at state events. She became honorary president of the "Saudi Arabian Renaissance Society" — a woman's society in Riyadh to teach women skills in crafts, and to assist needy families — in the organization's fifth anniversary. Her "Saudi Renaissance Movement" sponsored free clinics and literary classes for women.
Her comprehensive philanthropic activities included social welfare for women. During the 1960s, she established the first two social agencies in Saudi Arabia — Women's Welfare Association in Jeddah and Al Nahdah Women's Welfare Association in Riyadh. These programs are still available today.
In 1943, Prince Faisal and Princess Ìffat established the boarding school —Taif model school for boys and girls. Many children of the extended royal family, including their own, attended. Majority of the teachers were Egyptian or Yemenis. The girls' section was strictly for daughters of the extended royal family.
In 1955, she initiated Saudi Arabia's first private school for women in Jeddah — the Dar Al Hanan (literally "House of Affection"). one of her younger daughters attended Dar Al Hanan. The name of the school is derived from the Quran. Its starting class had 15 students. In 1956, she donated money and land to build an orphanage for girls where they would also be educated. She also founded a first college for girls in Riyad, called Kulliyat ul Banat, in 1960.
She frequented many graduation ceremonies. Her motto was “Educate yourself. Be good mothers. Bring up perfect Saudis. Build your country." Her other motto was "The mother can be a school in herself if you prepare her well".
The Princess Iffat Al-Thunayan Prize recognizes accomplishments of women.
Iffat was a dark blond with bright eyes. She liked to garden roses. She was a fluent French-speaker and loved to read. She was remarkably well organized. When her aunt Jawhara was incapacitated, Iffat cared for her.
She appeared at many state functions and received female dignitaries. She traveled far and wide across Saudi Arabia. Her palace had an open-door policy which allowed any Saudi citizen to visit her. She was rarely ever photographed in public and she never appeared on television.
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