Il Mondo (magazine)

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Il Mondo
Il-mondo-ago-79 Pagina 1.jpg
Cover of Il Mondo, 24 August 1979
CategoriesNewsmagazine
FrequencyWeekly
First issue19 February 1949
Final issueFebruary 2014
CompanyRizzoli
CountryItaly
Based inRome
LanguageItalian

Il Mondo (meaning The World in English) was a weekly political, cultural and economic magazine founded by Gianni Mazzocchi (also founder of L'Europeo) and directed by Mario Pannunzio.

History and profile[edit]

The founding group, consisting of Mario Pannunzio (managing director), Vittorio Gorresio, Ennio Flaiano, Corrado Alvaro, Mino Maccari and Vitaliano Brancati, had already worked together in the weekly magazine Omnibus (1937-1939).[1]

Il Mondo was founded in 1949.[2][3] The first issue of the magazine was released on 19 February 1949, with articles against the welfare state and Keynesian economics. In economics, the magazine was inspired by the economic theories of Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek. Initially born as an anti-communist and laicist periodical, during the years it maintained a line of total independence from "the powers that be" in politics and finance.[4] People writing for Il Mondo included Ernesto Rossi, Giovanni Spadolini, Enzo Forcella, Antonio Cederna, Roberto Pane, Marco Pannella, Eugenio Scalfari, Tommaso Landolfi, Indro Montanelli, Vittorio De Caprariis and Panfilo Gentile. Writers Thomas Mann and George Orwell were among the foreign contributors.[5] The headquarters of the weekly was in Rome.[2]

In the early years the average circulation was between 15,000 and 18,000 copies, with a peak of 20,000.[5] In 1955 Pannunzio brought the pages of the magazine from 12 to 16 pages, while in 1956, the publisher decided to bring back Il Mondo to 12 pages. In September the magazine was yielded to a company whose main shareholders were Nicolò Carandini and Adriano Olivetti.[5] The magazine closed in March 1966.[5]

Relaunch and definitive closing[edit]

In 1969 Rizzoli acquired the rights for the magazine,[6] and relaunched it as a Time-format news magazine.[7] After a few years, Il Mondo went from a weekly news magazine to a specializing in economics publication, something groundbreaking for the time in Italy.[7] In the 1990s it began the long agony, and in the final period the magazine was sold as a supplement of the Corriere della Sera.[7] The magazine was published weekly on Fridays.[8]

From December 2002 to November 2003 the average circulation of Il Mondo was 94,729 copies.[9] The circulation of the magazine was 78,430 copies in 2007.[10][11]

Il Mondo finally closed in February 2014.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Piero Albonetti, Corrado Fanti (cured by). Longanesi e Italiani. Edit Faenza, 1997.
  2. ^ a b Sergio J. Pacifici (Autumn 1955). "Current Italian Literary Periodicals: A Descriptive Checklist". Books Abroad. 29 (4). JSTOR 40094752.
  3. ^ Gianfranco Pasquino (5 March 2016). The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics. Oxford University Press. p. 458. ISBN 978-0-19-966974-5. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ Massimo Veneziani. Controinformazione. Stampa alternativa e giornalismo d'inchiesta dagli anni Sessanta a oggi. Castelvecchi, 2006.
  5. ^ a b c d Antonio Cardini. Tempi di ferro. «Il Mondo» e l'Italia del dopoguerra. Il Mulino, 1992. ISBN 9788815036162.
  6. ^ "Abitare design magazine to cease publication". Dezeen Magazine. 20 January 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d Giorgio Meletti (19 January 2014). "Il mondo cambia e non vuole più "il Mondo"". Il Fatto Quotidiano. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  8. ^ "Il Mondo (of the newspaper Il Corriere della Sera)". Commit. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Rcs Mediagroup" (PDF). Borsa Italiana. 12 March 2004. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  10. ^ "Dati ADS (tirature e vendite)". Fotografi (in Italian). Archived from the original on 24 April 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  11. ^ Anne Austin et. al. (2008). "Western Europe Market and Media Fact" (PDF). Zenith Optimedia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015.