Il segreto di Susanna
Il segreto di Susanna (English: Susanna's Secret, German: Susannens Geheimnis) is an intermezzo in one act by Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari to an Italian libretto by Enrico Golisciani. The premiere of the opera was in German, in a translation by Max Kalbeck, at the Hoftheater in Munich on 4 December 1909.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere Cast,
4 December 1909
(Conductor: Felix Mottl)
|Countess Susanna||soprano||Ella Tordek|
|Count Gil||baritone||Friedrich Brodersen|
|Sante, a dumb servant||Non singing||Josef Geis|
- Time: Early 20th century
- Place: Piedmont
Count Gil returns home suspecting that he has seen his wife, Susanna, walking alone in the street, something he had forbidden her to do after their wedding. He is relieved when he discovers that she is playing the piano in the living room. However, it was the countess whom he had seen but she returned home shortly before her husband.
Gil's happiness remains for only a short while. The room smells of tobacco, and he is surprised since he does not smoke and neither does Susanna, nor the servant, Sante. Suddenly a horrible thought strikes him: is it possible that Susanna is unfaithful to him with a smoker? He speaks with his wife and is soon ashamed of having such suspicions. Gil wants to hug Susanna, but he notices that the tobacco smell comes from Susanna's clothes. She finally admits to having a secret, but she absolutely does not want to tell him what it is. Gil gets really angry and starts to turn the house upside-down after she locks herself in her bedroom. Finally, as Gil is leaving the house to go to his club, she brings him his umbrella. He softens, they become reconciled, and he exits.
As soon as he leaves the house, she closes the door and opens the small packet she gave to Sante when she came home. She takes out a cigarette and the two smoke. That is her secret! But while she is smoking with Sante, Gil comes back. Smelling the tobacco he starts to search the house for Susanna's lover on the pretext of looking for the umbrella he forgot. Having no success, Gil furiously goes out again and Susanna lights a second cigarette. Once more Gil enters and, this time, he is sure that he will catch her in the act. Trying to seize her hand, he gets burned thus finally unveiling her secret. They forgive each other and swear eternal love while smoking together.
There are eight recordings, including one video. Key to casts (where not written out) is conductor/susanna/gil:
- 1952 - Ester Orel (Susanna), Mario Borriello (Gil); Orchestra Sinfonica di Torino, Alfredo Simonetto (conductor) - Cetra (LP), later licensed to Deutsche Grammophon
- 1954 - Elena Rizzieri (Susanna) Giuseppe Valdengo (Gil); Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin, Angelo Questa (conductor) - Cetra, currently licensed by Warner Music
- 1976 - Maria Chiara (Susanna), Bernd Weikl (Gil), Omar Godknow (Sante); Orchestra of the Royal Opera House Covent Garden, Lamberto Gardelli (conductor) - Decca (LP)
- 1980 - Renata Scotto (Susanna), Renato Bruson (Gil); Philharmonia Orchestra, John Pritchard (conductor) - CBS (LP and CD)
- 1981 - Phelps/Swennes/Potter - live in Bloomington, issued by Indiana University
- 2006 - Haider/Howarth/Ódena - live in Oviedo, issued by Philartis
- 2008 - Petrenko-V/Rodrígues-D/Canturri - live in Liverpool, Avie Records, issued in cooperation with the European Commission
- Complete Libretto: in Italian and in English
- Amadeus Almanac, accessed 7 September 08
- Warrack, John and West, Ewan (1992), The Oxford Dictionary of Opera, 782 pages, ISBN 0-19-869164-5