India tribal belt
The India's tribal belts refer to contiguous areas of settlement of tribal people of India which is to say groups or tribes that remained genetically homogenous as opposed to other population groups that mixed widely within the Indian subcontinent.
The Tribal Belt of Northwest India includes the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat. The tribal people of this region have origins which precede the ANI (Ancestral North Indian) and the ASI (Ancestral South India). In fact, the origins of these people are thought to stem back to the Harappa civilization of the Indus Valley Civilization, the oldest traceable civilization of the Indian sub-continent which flourished between 3500BC and 2500BC.
The tribes of north-west India were once strong matrillineal societies. The changing fates and fortunes of these people has caused a gradual evolution to a more patriarchal code of living. These days the tribal societies generally follow the rule of patriliny. There are many strong cases of organised matriarchy in existence in the tribal zones to this day. It is the women who organise matters such as relationships and marriages, the inheritance of land, and the distribution of wealth.
South Gujarat Tribal Belt
Southern Tribal Belt popularly known as 'Dang' a forbidden territory covered with thick forest and amazing landscape, it is mesmerising beautiful region of the South Gujarat - India located on foot hills of Sahyadri range of mountains, its has beautiful green pastures, narrow roads, deep valleys, wild animals, In monsoon you can see water springs and covered with green carpet of diverse flora/fauna.
Spread across the lush green region of South Gujarat Tribal Belt said to be Kashmir of Gujarat. Interaction with fun and loving tribes of Bhil, Kholcha, Bhel, Nayaka, Koknas, Vedch, Gamits, Warlis, Chaudaris etc. is lifetime experience over here.
Dakshin Gujarat Adivasi Sevamandal is a non-profit organization under Bombay Trust Act, 1960 (BOM XXIX of 1950) Registration Nos. F(67). It is an NGO founded by the Gandhian philosopher Premshankar Bhatt and his daughter Urmillaben Bhatt in 1948 to spread education in the deep forest of the South Gujarat Tribal Belt. It is registered as trust under the Bombay Trust Act. It provides education to South Gujarat Tribals through a resident school (Ashramshalla) wich offers free education, lodging and boarding. The Tribal Belt of Gujarat today has the highest literate tribal population in India.
Central & Eastern Tribal Belt India
The Central India Tribal Belt stretches from Gujarat in the west up to Assam in the east across the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. It is among the poorest regions of the country. Over 90% of the Belt's tribal population is rural, with primitive agriculture.