International Peace Institute

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International peace institute
AbbreviationIPI
PredecessorInternational Peace Academy (IPA)
Formation1970
FounderRuth Forbes Young, Major General Indar Jit Rikhye
TypeNGO, Lobby group
LeaderTerje Rød-Larsen (President)
Websitehttps://www.ipinst.org/

The International Peace Institute (IPI, formerly the International Peace Academy) is an independent non-profit lobby group based in New York (beside the headquarters of the United Nations, with which IPI works closely). The Institute has regional offices in Europe (Vienna, Austria), and in the Middle East (Manama, Bahrain).[1][2][3][4][5]

IPI specializes in multilateral approaches to peace and security issues, working closely with the Secretariat and membership of the United Nations.[3][4] IPI's primary objective is to promote effective international responses to new and emerging issues and crises through research, analysis, and policy development.

History[edit]

The International Peace Institute was created with support from UN Secretary-General U Thant in 1970[citation needed], originally with the purpose of studying UN peacekeeping and developing peacekeeping doctrine, with strong financial backing from Ruth Forbes Paine Young[citation needed].

Its first President was Maj. Gen. Indar Jit Rikhye, Indian commanding officer of UN peacekeeping forces and a former military advisor to the UN Secretary-General. Under his tenure, IPI initiated an innovative program aimed at training civilians and military officers together for the challenges of preventing conflict and building peace. In 1990, under Olara Otunnu, a Ugandan diplomat and politician, IPI branched out into the political dimensions of war and peace. During this time, IPI became known for its case studies of UN field operations and for its forward-looking analysis on new roles for the UN in the security sphere. Otunnu also initiated IPI's Africa Program, currently its longest-running program.

The next IPI President, in 1998, was David M. Malone, a Canadian scholar-diplomat. Malone took IPI more deeply into the realm both of scholarship and of policy advocacy, focused in part on the work of the UN Security Council. IPI broke new ground on the economics of war, on links between the causes of conflict and conflict prevention, the nexus of security and development and on new forms of international governance, such as transitional administration. It became a source of expertise for the media in which Malone and his IPI colleagues published frequent opinion and analytical pieces.[citation needed]

Since 2005, IPI has been led by Terje Rød-Larsen, a principal architect of the 1990s Oslo Peace Accords (between the PLO and the Government of Israel) and a Norwegian sociologist and diplomat who has served the UN as its senior envoy in the Middle East.[6]

IPI today focuses its work on crisis and the response capacity of international institutions, UN reform, state-building/peace-building, and has specific regional programs on the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. Offices are currently located in Manama, the Kingdom of Bahrain (MENA)[7], New York, and Vienna.[8]

Activities[edit]

General[edit]

The IPI out work in and on Africa, the Middle East, Europe, and Central Asia[9] that involves interacting with international diplomats, dignitaries and scholars (especially from the United Nations) to achieve its goals[vague]. These include direct consultation with diplomats and officials, conducting research and publishing reports, convening discussions and presentations, and encouraging and facilitating diplomatic activities of others.[1][2][3][4][5]

The IPI has convened discussion panels—particularly "high-level panels" made up of international diplomats, dignitaries and scholars (especially from the United Nations) -- to discuss major issues in international affairs, particularly those directly affecting international peace and security.[3][4][5]

The organization publishes a wide range of reports relating to international diplomacy, peacekeeping and humanitarian responses to crisis.[10]

Vienna Seminar[edit]

The International Peace Institute (IPI) Vienna Seminar on Peacemaking and Peacekeeping is an annual event, held in Vienna, Austria since 1970. Over the years it has become a widely recognized forum for discussion of peace and security issues, addressed in a broad sense. It operates with additional support from the Austrian and Viennese governments, and the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna. The event includes presentations by major international diplomats and political officials.[11][12][13]

Funding[edit]

In 2020 Verdens Gang wrote that IPI has received 130 million Norwegian kroner "thru the years", from the Norwegian Foreign Ministry.[14] The Jeffrey Epstein VI Foundation donated 375,000 dollars in 2012.[15]

According to the IPI website, the organisation is funded by governments, philanthropic foundations, and individuals. Roughly 70% of annual funds are from government donors, and 22% of our funds are from philanthropic foundations. The remaining funds come from corporate sponsors, individuals, and our board members.[16]

In 2017-2018 financial statements declare US$11,476,509 in assets.[17]

Officers[edit]

Former officers
  • António Guterres- Honorary Chair (Secretary-General of the United Nations). He resigned from IPI in October 2020.[20]

Notable individuals[edit]

  • Rita Hauser,[21] Former Chairman of the Board of Directors. an international law attorney, diplomat and philanthropist, who served as a U.S. diplomat to the United Nations for the administration of President Nixon, and subsequent intelligence advisor to the administrations of Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama.[22]
  • Mortimer Benjamin Zuckerman. Former Vice Chairman, Secretary & Treasurer: (Owner, Editor-in-Chief & Publisher of the New York Daily News newspaper and U. S. News and World Report magazine; Chairman-Emeritus, Boston Properties, Inc.[23][24]
  • Eward C. Luck, Former Senior Vice President, Director of Studies and historian: E (Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General), informal adviser to United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon.[4][25]
  • Elizabeth Malory Cousens. Former Vice President (2005 to 2007): (later Chief of Staff to the United Nations Mission in Nepal (2007-2008), and subsequently Principal Policy Advisor and Counselor to the U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations).[26]
  • John Hirsch, senior adviser; former U.S. Ambassador to Sierra Leone.[27]
  • Warren Hoge, senior adviser for external relations.[28]
  • Abdulla Al-Hajjri; former Yemeni Ambassador to the U.S.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Guidestar review profile: "International Peace Institute Inc, GuideStar retrieved May 5, 2017
  2. ^ a b c Horowitz, Jason, "Arab Spring ruining Yemeni diplomat’s summer," June 14, 2011, The Washington Post, retrieved May 5, 2017
  3. ^ a b c d "UNDEF co-hosts International Day of Democracy event at International Peace Institute," September 24, 2013, United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF), United Nations, retrieved May 5, 2017
  4. ^ a b c d e Lynch, Colum, "U.N. struggles to prove its relevance," September 19, 2010, The Washington Post, p.2 of 2 (which notes "Edward Luck... historian [of] the International Peace Institute... acts as... informal adviser to [U.N. Secretary General] Ban [Ki-Moon]"), retrieved May 5, 2017
  5. ^ a b c "INTERNATIONAL PEACE INSTITUTE: 'Côte d’Ivoire, a Successful Case of Crisis Management : A Look Back at the Experience and Lessons Learned'," panel event September 24, 2013, April 11th, 2017 at One UN Plaza, Diplomat Ballroom, United Nations, retrieved May 5, 2017
  6. ^ a b Greenberg, Joel & Joby Warrick, "U.S. sends officials to reassure nervous allies: Mullen, former U.S. ambassador meet with Jordan's King Abdullah II," February 13, 2011, The Washington Post, retrieved May 5, 2017
  7. ^ "https://www.ipinst.org/category/middle-east-regional-office". External link in |title= (help)
  8. ^ "https://www.ipinst.org/". External link in |title= (help)
  9. ^ "IPI official website".
  10. ^ "https://www.jstor.org/publisher/intlpeaceinst". External link in |title= (help)
  11. ^ Spindelegger, Michael, Austrian Federal Minister for European and International Affairs, "FOREWORD"[permanent dead link] in Favorita Papers 01/2010: "The UN Security Council and the Responsibility to Protect: Policy, Process, and Practice,"[permanent dead link] by Hans Winkler (DA), Terje Rød-Larsen (IPI) and Christoph Mikulaschek (IPI), editors, 39th IPI Vienna Seminar, Diplomatic Academy of Vienna, 2010, ISBN 978-3-902021-67-0, retrieved May 5, 2017
  12. ^ Häupl, Michael, Mayor and Governor of Vienna, "PREFACE,"[permanent dead link] in Favorita Papers 01/2010: "The UN Security Council and the Responsibility to Protect: Policy, Process, and Practice,"[permanent dead link] by Hans Winkler (DA), Terje Rød-Larsen (IPI) and Christoph Mikulaschek (IPI), editors, 39th IPI Vienna Seminar, Diplomatic Academy of Vienna, 2010, ISBN 978-3-902021-67-0, retrieved May 5, 2017
  13. ^ Hans Winkler (DA), Terje Rød-Larsen (IPI) and Christoph Mikulaschek (IPI), editors, Favorita Papers 01/2010: "The UN Security Council and the Responsibility to Protect: Policy, Process, and Practice,"[permanent dead link] 39th IPI Vienna Seminar, Diplomatic Academy of Vienna, 2010, ISBN 978-3-902021-67-0, retrieved May 5, 2017
  14. ^ https://www.vg.no/nyheter/i/dlOgnB/terje-roed-larsen-innroemmer-aa-ha-laant-penger-av-jeffrey-epstein
  15. ^ https://steigan.no/2019/08/hvorfor-ga-epstein-millioner-til-terje-rod-larsens-organisasjon/
  16. ^ "https://www.ipinst.org/2009/07/how-is-ipi-funded". External link in |title= (help)
  17. ^ "https://www.ipinst.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/AuditedFinalFinancial-Statements2018.pdf" (PDF). External link in |title= (help)
  18. ^ https://www.usip.org/people/ann-l-phillips-phd
  19. ^ https://www.passblue.com/author/ann-phillips/ "She is currently a senior adviser [...] at the Washington-based US Institute of Peace, focusing on civilian-military relations."
  20. ^ FNs generalsekretær har trukket seg fra styret i Rød-Larsens tankesmie [The secretary-general of the United Nations has resigned from the board of the think-tank of Rød Larsen]
  21. ^ Sonmez, Felicia "Members press China on Iran, currency, human rights," February 14, 2012, The Washington Post (Hauser's name & IPI title on list of signatories of a letter), retrieved May 5, 2017
  22. ^ "President Obama Announces Members of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board" (Press release). The White House. December 23, 2009. Archived from the original on October 17, 2012.
  23. ^ "The World's Billionaires (2016 ranking): #688 Mortimer Zuckerman". Forbes. March 1, 2016. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
  24. ^ "Profile: Boston Properties, Inc.," Wall Street Journal, retrieved May 5, 2017
  25. ^ Rohrabacher, Dana, Congressman,"Washington, Wed, Jul 29 - Foreign Affairs Full Committee Hearing on - New Challenges for International Peacekeeping Operations; Witnesses," in "Hill Happenings" Jul 27, 2009, U.S. House of Representatives, U.S. Congress, Washington, D.C., retrieved May 5, 2017
  26. ^ "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts," October 07, 2011, Office of the Press Secretary, The White House, via the National Archives, Washington, D.C., retrieved May 5, 2017
  27. ^ Kraft, Scott "Sierra Leone beach resort is village's ticket to better life," August 25, 2009, The Los Angeles Times, retrieved May 5, 2017
  28. ^ The International Peace Institute, [1] retrieved June 26, 2019

External links[edit]