International Peace Institute
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The International Peace Institute (IPI, formerly the International Peace Academy) is an independent non-profit research and policy development institution based in New York (beside the headquarters of the United Nations, with which IPI works closely). The Institute has regional offices in Europe (Vienna, Austria), and in the Middle East (Manama, Bahrain).
IPI specializes in multilateral approaches to peace and security issues, working closely with the Secretariat and membership of the United Nations. IPI's primary objective is to promote effective international responses to new and emerging issues and crises through research, analysis, and policy development.
The International Peace Institute was created with support from UN Secretary-General U Thant in 1970, originally with the purpose of studying UN peacekeeping and developing peacekeeping doctrine, with strong financial backing from Ruth Forbes Paine Young.
Its first President was Maj. Gen. Indar Jit Rikhye, Indian commanding officer of UN peacekeeping forces and a former military advisor to the UN Secretary-General. Under his tenure, IPI initiated an innovative program aimed at training civilians and military officers together for the challenges of preventing conflict and building peace. In 1990, under Olara Otunnu, a Ugandan diplomat and politician, IPI branched out into the political dimensions of war and peace. During this time, IPI became known for its case studies of UN field operations and for its forward-looking analysis on new roles for the UN in the security sphere. Otunnu also initiated IPI's Africa Program, currently its longest-running program.
The next IPI President, in 1998, was David M. Malone, a Canadian scholar-diplomat. Malone took IPI more deeply into the realm both of scholarship and of policy advocacy, focused in part on the work of the UN Security Council. IPI broke new ground on the economics of war, on links between the causes of conflict and conflict prevention, the nexus of security and development and on new forms of international governance, such as transitional administration. It became a source of expertise for the media in which Malone and his IPI colleagues published frequent opinion and analytical pieces.
Since 2005, IPI has been led by Terje Rød-Larsen, a principal architect of the 1990s Oslo Peace Accords (between the PLO and the Government of Israel) and a Norwegian sociologist and diplomat who has served the UN as its senior envoy in the Middle East.
IPI today focuses its work on crisis and the response capacity of international institutions, UN reform, state-building/peace-building, and has specific regional programs on the Middle East, Africa, and Asia.
The IPI interacts with the international diplomats, dignitaries and scholars (especially from the United Nations) in various ways to achieve its goals. These include direct consultation with diplomats and officials, conducting research and publishing reports, convening discussions and presentations, and encouraging and facilitating diplomatic activities of others.
The IPI has convened discussion panels—particularly "high-level panels" made up of international diplomats, dignitaries and scholars (especially from the United Nations) -- to discuss major issues in international affairs, particularly those directly affecting international peace and security.
The International Peace Institute (IPI) Vienna Seminar on Peacemaking and Peacekeeping is an annual event, held in Vienna, Austria since 1970. Over the years it has become a widely recognized forum for discussion of peace and security issues, addressed in a broad sense. It operates with additional support from the Austrian and Viennese governments, and the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna. The event includes presentations by major international diplomats and political officials.
- Rita Hauser, Former Chairman of the Board of Directors. an international law attorney, diplomat and philanthropist, who served as a U.S. diplomat to the United Nations for the administration of President Nixon, and subsequent intelligence advisor to the administrations of Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama, 
- Mortimer Benjamin Zuckerman. Former Vice Chairman, Secretary & Treasurer: (Owner, Editor-in-Chief & Publisher of the New York Daily News newspaper and U. S. News and World Report magazine; Chairman-Emeritus, Boston Properties, Inc.; 
- Eward C. Luck, Former Senior Vice President, Director of Studies and historian: E (Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General), informal adviser to United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon
- Elizabeth Malory Cousens. Former Vice President (2005 to 2007): (later Chief of Staff to the United Nations Mission in Nepal (2007-2008), and subsequently Principal Policy Advisor and Counselor to the U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations).
- John Hirsch, senior adviser; former U.S. Ambassador to Sierra Leone,
- Warren Hoge, senior adviser for external relations 
- Abdulla Al-Hajjri; former Yemeni Ambassador to the U.S.
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- "INTERNATIONAL PEACE INSTITUTE: 'Côte d’Ivoire, a Successful Case of Crisis Management : A Look Back at the Experience and Lessons Learned'," panel event September 24, 2013, April 11th, 2017 at One UN Plaza, Diplomat Ballroom, United Nations, retrieved May 5, 2017
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- Hans Winkler (DA), Terje Rød-Larsen (IPI) and Christoph Mikulaschek (IPI), editors, Favorita Papers 01/2010: "The UN Security Council and the Responsibility to Protect: Policy, Process, and Practice," 39th IPI Vienna Seminar, Diplomatic Academy of Vienna, 2010, ISBN 978-3-902021-67-0, retrieved May 5, 2017
- Sonmez, Felicia "Members press China on Iran, currency, human rights," February 14, 2012, The Washington Post (Hauser's name & IPI title on list of signatories of a letter), retrieved May 5, 2017
- "President Obama Announces Members of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board" (Press release). The White House. December 23, 2009. Archived from the original on October 17, 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "The World's Billionaires (2016 ranking): #688 Mortimer Zuckerman". Forbes. March 1, 2016. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
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- The International Peace Institute,  retrieved June 26, 2019