International Peace Institute
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The International Peace Institute (IPI, formerly the International Peace Academy) is an independent non-profit research and policy development institution based in New York (beside the headquarters of the United Nations, with which IPI works closely). Additionally, the Institute has regional offices in Europe (Vienna, Austria), and in the Middle East (Manama, Bahrain).
IPI specializes in multilateral approaches to peace and security issues, working closely with the Secretariat and membership of the United Nations. IPI’s primary objective is to promote effective international responses to new and emerging issues and crises through research, analysis, and policy development.
The International Peace Institute was created with support from UN Secretary-General U Thant in 1970, originally with the purpose of studying UN peacekeeping and developing peacekeeping doctrine, with strong financial backing from Ruth Forbes Paine Young.
Its first President was Maj. Gen. Indar Jit Rikhye, a distinguished Indian commanding officer of UN peacekeeping forces and a former military advisor to the UN Secretary-General. Under his tenure, IPI initiated an innovative program aimed at training civilians and military officers together for the challenges of preventing conflict and building peace.
In 1990, under Olara Otunnu, a Ugandan diplomat and politician, IPI branched out into the political dimensions of war and peace. During this time, IPI became known for its case studies of UN field operations and for its forward-looking analysis on new roles for the UN in the security sphere. Otunnu also initiated IPI's Africa Program, which is currently its longest-running program.
The next IPI President, in 1998, was David M. Malone, a Canadian scholar-diplomat. Malone took IPI more deeply into the realm both of scholarship and of policy advocacy, focused in part on the work of the UN Security Council. IPI broke new ground on the economics of war, on links between the causes of conflict and conflict prevention, the nexus of security and development and on new forms of international governance, such as transitional administration. It became a source of expertise for the media in which Malone and his IPI colleagues published frequent opinion and analytical pieces.
Since 2005, IPI has been led by Terje Rød-Larsen, a principal architect of the 1990s Oslo Peace Accords (between the PLO and the Government of Israel) and a Norwegian sociologist and diplomat who has served the UN as its senior envoy in the Middle East.
IPI today focuses its work on crisis and the response capacity of international institutions, UN reform, statebuilding/peacebuilding, and has specific regional programs on the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. Rød-Larsen serves simultaneously as the UN Secretary General's Special Envoy for the Implementation of Security Council Resolution 1559.
The IPI interacts with the international diplomats, dignitaries and scholars (especially from the United Nations) in various ways to achieve its goals. These include direct consultation with diplomats and officials, conducting research and publishing reports, convening discussions and presentations, and encouranging and facilitating diplomatic activities of others.
The IPI has convened discussion panels—particularly "high-level panels" made up of international diplomats, dignitaries and scholars (especially from the United Nations) -- to discuss major issues in international affairs, particularly those directly affecting international peace and security.
The International Peace Institute (IPI) Vienna Seminar on Peacemaking and Peacekeeping is an annual event, held in Vienna, Austria since 1970. Over the years it became an institution in itself, emerging from a small clique of practitioners and peacekeepers, to become a widely recognized forum for discussion of peace and security issues, addressed in a broad sense. It operates with additional support from the Austrian and Viennese governments, and the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna. The event includes presentations by major international diplomats and political officials.
Current and former officers include:
- Chairman of the Board of Directors: Rita Hauser., an international law attorney, diplomat and philanthropist, who served as a U.S. diplomat to the United Nations for the administration of President Nixon, and subsequent intelligence advisor to the administrations of Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama, and current or former chair of other prominent international affairs organizations.
- Vice Chairman, Secretary & Treasurer: Mortimer Benjamin Zuckerman (Owner, Editor-in-Chief & Publisher of the New York Daily News newspaper and U. S. News and World Report magazine; Chairman-Emeritus, Boston Properties, Inc.; ranked #688 in the Forbes Magazine 2016 list of "The World's Billionaires", at US$2.5 billion net worth.)
- President: Terje Rød-Larsen, as described in History section, above.
- Senior Vice President, Director of Studies and historian: Edward C. Luck, (Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General), informal adviser to United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon
- Vice President (2005 to 2007): Elizabeth Malory Cousens (later Chief of Staff to the United Nations Mission in Nepal (2007-2008), and subsequent Principal Policy Advisor and Counselor to the U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations).
- Senior Director of Research: Francesco Mancini
- Director of Research (1998 to 2000): Elizabeth Malory Cousens (later Vice President of IPI, 2005 to 2007)
Staff & Associates
Notable staff and associates include:
- John Hirsch, senior adviser; former U.S. Ambassador to Sierra Leone,
- M. Youssef Mahmoud, senior adviser;
- Abdulla Al-Hajjri; former Yemeni Ambassador to the U.S.
- Guidestar review profile: "International Peace Institute Inc, GuideStar retrieved May 5, 2017
- Horowitz, Jason, "Arab Spring ruining Yemeni diplomat’s summer," June 14, 2011, The Washington Post, retrieved May 5, 2017
- "UNDEF co-hosts International Day of Democracy event at International Peace Institute," September 24, 2013, United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF), United Nations, retrieved May 5, 2017
- Lynch, Colum, "U.N. struggles to prove its relevance," September 19, 2010, The Washington Post, p.2 of 2 (which notes "Edward Luck... historian [of] the International Peace Institute... acts as... informal adviser to [U.N. Secretary General] Ban [Ki-Moon]"), retrieved May 5, 2017
- "INTERNATIONAL PEACE INSTITUTE: 'Côte d’Ivoire, a Successful Case of Crisis Management : A Look Back at the Experience and Lessons Learned'," panel event September 24, 2013, April 11th, 2017 at One UN Plaza, Diplomat Ballroom, United Nations, retrieved May 5, 2017
- Greenberg, Joel & Joby Warrick, "U.S. sends officials to reassure nervous allies: Mullen, former U.S. ambassador meet with Jordan's King Abdullah II," February 13, 2011, The Washington Post, retrieved May 5, 2017
- Spindelegger, Michael, Austrian Federal Minister for European and International Affairs, "FOREWORD" in Favorita Papers 01/2010: "The UN Security Council and the Responsibility to Protect: Policy, Process, and Practice," by Hans Winkler (DA), Terje Rød-Larsen (IPI) and Christoph Mikulaschek (IPI), editors, 39th IPI Vienna Seminar, Diplomatic Academy of Vienna, 2010, ISBN 978-3-902021-67-0, retrieved May 5, 2017
- Häupl, Michael, Mayor and Governor of Vienna, "PREFACE," in Favorita Papers 01/2010: "The UN Security Council and the Responsibility to Protect: Policy, Process, and Practice," by Hans Winkler (DA), Terje Rød-Larsen (IPI) and Christoph Mikulaschek (IPI), editors, 39th IPI Vienna Seminar, Diplomatic Academy of Vienna, 2010, ISBN 978-3-902021-67-0, retrieved May 5, 2017
- Hans Winkler (DA), Terje Rød-Larsen (IPI) and Christoph Mikulaschek (IPI), editors, Favorita Papers 01/2010: "The UN Security Council and the Responsibility to Protect: Policy, Process, and Practice," 39th IPI Vienna Seminar, Diplomatic Academy of Vienna, 2010, ISBN 978-3-902021-67-0, retrieved May 5, 2017
- Sonmez, Felicia "Members press China on Iran, currency, human rights," February 14, 2012, The Washington Post (Hauser's name & IPI title on list of signatories of a letter), retrieved May 5, 2017
- "President Obama Announces Members of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board" (Press release). The White House. December 23, 2009.
- "The World's Billionaires (2016 ranking): #688 Mortimer Zuckerman". Forbes. March 1, 2016. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Profile: Boston Properties, Inc.," Wall Street Journal, retrieved May 5, 2017
- Rohrabacher, Dana, Congressman,"Washington, Wed, Jul 29 - Foreign Affairs Full Committee Hearing on - New Challenges for International Peacekeeping Operations; Witnesses," in "Hill Happenings" Jul 27, 2009, U.S. House of Representatives, U.S. Congress, Washington, D.C., retrieved May 5, 2017
- "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts," October 07, 2011, Office of the Press Secretary, The White House, via the National Archives, Washington, D.C., retrieved May 5, 2017
- Mancini, Francesco, editor, New Technology and the Prevention of Violence and Conflict," Apr 1, 2013, International Peace Institute, New York, and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Washington, D.C., retrieved May 5, 2017
- Kraft, Scott "Sierra Leone beach resort is village's ticket to better life," August 25, 2009, The Los Angeles Times, retrieved May 5, 2017