The Jacko hoax was a Canadian newspaper story about a gorilla supposedly caught near Yale, British Columbia in 1884. The story, titled "What is it?, A strange creature captured above Yale. A British Columbia Gorilla", appeared in the British Columbia newspaper the Daily Colonist on July 4, 1884. The original newspaper article describes "Jacko" as a gorilla and not a Sasquatch. However, the "Jacko" story has been used by Bigfoot advocates as evidence for the existence of Sasquatch. Many books about Bigfoot and cryptids have featured the event and cite the original newspaper article. In 2008 Michael Cremo discussed the story as possible proof for the existence of Sasquatch. The "Jacko" story was featured on the A&E television documentary series Ancient Mysteries about Bigfoot, season 4, episode 18 narrated by Leonard Nimoy. The story was also mentioned on the Bigfoot episode of the television series In Search Of..., season 1, episode 5, also narrated by Nimoy. The Jacko story was mentioned in a 1976 documentary called The Mysterious Monsters.
Loren Coleman explained in 2003 how this story achieved its popularity: "During the 1950s, a news reporter named Brian McKelvie ... found ...the ... article about Jacko.... McKelvie shared the Jacko account with researchers John Green and René Dahinden. McKelvie told them that this was the only record of the event due to a fire that had destroyed other area newspapers at the time.... The story's appearance in Ivan T. Sanderson's 1961 Abominable Snowman: Legend Come to Life propelled the Jacko story into history...."
Loren Coleman continued, ""John Green continued digging and finally ... found two important articles that threw [skeptical] light on the whole affair.... Green ... wrote of[f] the Jacko story as a piece of probable journalistic fiction in Pursuit ... in 1975." But by then the story had taken on a life of its own. Combatting this, the writer Joe Nickell cited the Mainland Guardian's dismissal of the case (below) as a hoax.
Here are the two skeptical articles in question. On July 9, 1884, the Mainland Guardian newspaper in New Westminster, British Columbia stated "that no such animal was caught, and how the Colonist was duped in such a manner, and by such a story, is strange." Cryptozoologist Jerome Clark notes that the Mainland Guardian, wrote, "Absurdity is written on the face of it." On July 11, 1884, the newspaper British Columbian reported that about 200 people went to view "Jacko" at the jail where he was supposedly kept, but the people found only a man at the jail who fielded questions about a creature that did not exist.
Anthropologist Grover Krantz suggests that Jacko was purchased by P. T. Barnum and exhibited as Jo-Jo the Dog-Faced Boy. Photos of Jo-Jo between 1884 and 1885 indicate Jo-Jo was replaced. However, Bigfoot researcher Chad Arment claims that Jo-Jo was not Jacko, as Jo-Jo could speak many languages and could write his name according to an article in the New York Times, October 13, 1884.
- Daily Colonist July 4, 1884
- Green, John (1968), On The Track of the Sasquatch. Cheam Publishing Ltd.
- Murphy (2009), 28–29
- Cremo, Michael A. Thompson Richard L. (2008), Forbidden Archeology, The hidden history of the human race. Torchlight Publishing Inc.
- It comes at the start of Chapter 2: "Ubiquitous Woodsmen: Reports from Canada (1860 to 1920)"
- Coleman (2003), 40–42
- See also Green (1978), 85–88
- Joe Nickell (January–February 2007), "Mysterious entities of the Pacific Northwest, part I," Skeptical Inquirer, Volume 31, no.1, Page 21
- New Westminister Mainland Guardian July 9, 1884
- Clark, Jerome (1993). Unexplained! 347 Strange Sightings, Incredible Occurrences and Puzzling Physical Phenomena. Visible Ink. p. 195. ISBN 0-8103-9436-7.
- British Columbian Newspaper July 11, 1884
- Krantz Grover (1992), Big Footprints: A Scientific inquiry into the reality of Sasquatch. Johnson Books.
- Arment Chad (2006), The Historical Bigfoot. Coachwhip Publications.
- New York Times October 13, 1884
- Coleman, Loren (2003). Bigfoot!: The True Story of Apes in America. Paraview Pocket Books. ISBN 0-7434-6975-5.
- Green, John (2006) . Sasquatch: The Apes Among Us. Hancock House. ISBN 0-88839-018-1.
- Christopher Murphy (2009). Know the Sasquatch/Bigfoot: Sequel and Update to Meet the Sasquatch. Hancock House. ISBN 978-0-88839-689-1.
- Christopher L. Murphy, Barry G. Blount, Yale & the Strange Story of Jacko the Ape-Boy (Surrey BC: Hancock House Publishers LTD., 2011)
- Sanderson, Ivan T. (2008) . Abominable Snowmen: Legend Come to Life: The Story Of Sub-Humans On Five Continents From The Early Ice Age Until Today. Cosimo Classics. ISBN 978-1605203331.