|Elevation||151 ft (46.0 m)|
|Area||4.5 sq mi (11.7 km2)|
|- land||4.5 sq mi (12 km2)|
|- water||0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%|
|Density||860.6/sq mi (332.3/km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Jackson is a town in East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 3,842 at the 2010 census, down from 4,130 in 2000. It is part of the Baton Rouge Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The town of Jackson was founded in 1815 as the seat of justice for Feliciana Parish before the parish was divided into East and West. The town was a major commercial center and a center for education, earning it the title "Athens of the South". Legend holds that the town was originally called "Bear Corners" for the many wild black bears crossing nearby Thompson Creek, and that it eventually took its name from General Andrew Jackson, who reportedly camped there with his troops on the return trip north after the 1815 Battle of New Orleans.
Jackson was the parish seat only until 1824, when Feliciana Parish was split into two parishes, with Clinton selected as the new seat of government in East Feliciana.
The East Louisiana State Hospital was founded in Jackson in 1847.
Jackson is located on the western edge of East Feliciana Parish at  The town's western border is Thompson Creek, which is also the border with West Feliciana Parish. Louisiana Highway 10 passes through Jackson, leading east 12 miles (19 km) to Clinton and west 12 miles to St. Francisville overlooking the Mississippi River.(30.837588, -91.214436).
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,130 people, 841 households, and 596 families residing in the town. The population density was 924.2 people per square mile (356.7/km²). There were 992 housing units at an average density of 222.0 per square mile (85.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 46.56% White, 52.30% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.34% of the population.
There were 841 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 21.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the town, the population was spread out with 15.1% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 44.5% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 226.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 264.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $27,455, and the median income for a family was $32,450. Males had a median income of $20,917 versus $17,896 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,039. About 18.7% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.8% of those under age 18 and 20.2% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
The Republic of West Florida Historical Museum and its 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge Old Hickory Railroad are located in Jackson. Other points of interest include the Centenary State Historic Site and Feliciana Cellars Winery.
Government and infrastructure
The Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections operates the Dixon Correctional Institute in Jackson.
Colleges and universities
No colleges or universities are presently located in Jackson.
Primary and secondary schools
East Feliciana Parish School Board serves Jackson.
Schools within Jackson include:
- John Welch Jones, M. D. (1826-1916)
- Junius Wallace Jones (1890-1977), major general of the United States Air Force
- Tom McVea, former Louisiana state representative, 1980-1984 and 2000-2012
- Eddie Robinson (1919–2007), football coach
- John D. Travis, former state representative, 1984-2000
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Jackson town, Louisiana". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. "Jackson Louisiana Historical Marker".
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Dixon Correctional Institute Archived 2010-09-24 at the Wayback Machine.." Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. Retrieved on August 29, 2010.
- John Welch Jones, M. D. In: Alceé Fortier, editor. Louisiana: Comprising Sketches of Parishes, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form (volume 3), 1914: pp. 210-211.