Jacob G. Frick
|Jacob Gellert Frick|
January 23, 1825|
Northumberland County, Pennsylvania
|Died||March 5, 1902
|Place of burial||Presbyterian Cemetery, Pottsville, Pennsylvania|
|Allegiance||United States of America
|Service/branch||United States Army
|Years of service||1846 - 1865|
|Unit||Army of the Potomac|
|Commands held||129th Pennsylvania Infantry
27th Pennsylvania Emergency Militia
|Battles/wars||Mexican American War
American Civil War
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Jacob Gellert Frick (January 23, 1825 – March 5, 1902) was an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was a recipient of the Medal of Honor for his gallantry in action while serving as the colonel of the 129th Pennsylvania Infantry at the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.
Early military career
Frick was born in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, a fourth-generation descendant of Swiss immigrants. In June 1846, following the outbreak of the Mexican-American War, he was commissioned a Third Lieutenant in the 3rd Ohio Infantry Regiment. When the war ended, he received a regular army commission in the 11th US Infantry Regiment. He served as an instructor at Fort McHenry, and was a delegate to the 1860 Republican National Convention.
Civil War service
Eighteen soldiers were awarded Medals of Honor for their heroism during the heavy fighting at Fredericksburg, Virginia, on December 13, 1862. In action against the Confederate forces, Frick seized the colors and led his command through a terrible fire of enemy cannon and musketry. On May 3, 1863, at Chancellorsville, Virginia, Frick recovered the colors of his regiment in a hand-to-hand engagement, after the flag had been taken by Confederate forces.
Frick later led the 27th Pennsylvania Emergency Militia during the Gettysburg Campaign. His men successfully burned the Columbia-Wrightsville Bridge to prevent its capture by Confederate infantry under Brig. Gen. John B. Gordon. Later, he consulted with Col. Henry Pleasants regarding digging a mine under Confederate entrenchments during the 1864 Siege of Petersburg that resulted in the Battle of the Crater. After the war, Frick returned to Pottsville, Pennsylvania.
He died in Pottsville in 1902 and is buried in the Presbyterian Cemetery.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Colonel, 129th Pennsylvania Infantry
Place and date: At Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 13, 1862. At Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1863.
Entered service at: Pottsville, Pennsylvania
Born: January 23, 1838, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania
Date of issue: June 7, 1892.
- At Fredericksburg seized the colors and led the command through a terrible fire of cannon and musketry. In a hand-to-hand fight at Chancellorsville, recaptured the colors of his regiment.
The anonymous fictional memoir Red-Tape and Pigeon-Hole Generals has been ascribed by some to Jacob G. Frick. It is a thinly disguised attack on the character & military ability of Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys.
- HomeofHeroes.com, Frick gravesite
- Jacob G. Frick, Medal of Honor
- United States. War Dept. Library (1913). Bibliography of State Participation in the Civil War 1861-1866. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 939. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
- "Medal of Honor recipients — Civil War". United States Army Center of Military History (CMH). Retrieved 2008-10-14.