Jal, New Mexico

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Jal, New Mexico
New Mexico's Paradise
Motto(s): 
"The Enchantment Starts Here!"
Location of Jal, New Mexico
Location of Jal, New Mexico
Jal, New Mexico is located in the United States
Jal, New Mexico
Jal, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°6′44″N 103°11′35″W / 32.11222°N 103.19306°W / 32.11222; -103.19306Coordinates: 32°6′44″N 103°11′35″W / 32.11222°N 103.19306°W / 32.11222; -103.19306
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
CountyLea
Area
 • Total4.8 sq mi (12.5 km2)
 • Land4.8 sq mi (12.5 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
3,071 ft (936 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,047
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
2,121
 • Density430/sq mi (160/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
88252
Area code(s)575
FIPS code35-35040
GNIS feature ID0899684
Websitehttp://www.cityofjal.us/

Jal is a city located in Lea County, New Mexico, United States. It is New Mexico's most southeast city, and shares a border with eastward state Texas. The population was 2,047 at the 2010 census.[2]

Geography[edit]

Jal is located at 32°6′44″N 103°11′35″W / 32.11222°N 103.19306°W / 32.11222; -103.19306 (32.112102, -103.192972).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930404
19401,157186.4%
19502,04776.9%
19603,05149.0%
19702,602−14.7%
19802,6752.8%
19902,156−19.4%
20001,996−7.4%
20102,0472.6%
Est. 20162,121[1]3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 2,047 people, with 788 occupied houses. The population density was 426.5 people per square mile (163.8/km²). There were 1009 housing units at an average density of 210.2 per square mile (80.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.81% White, 0.83% African American, 0.73% Native American, 11.82% from other races, and 1.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.12% of the population.

There were 788 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.5% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 19, 12.2% in their 20s, 10.1% in their 30s, 12.6% in their 40s, 13.2% in their 50s, and 22.4% who were 60 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,813, and the median income for a family was $51,538. Males had a median income of $46,250 versus $30,147 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,597. About 12.0% of families and 14.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over.

Name[edit]

During the early 1800’s, when water was plentiful and gamma grass was belly high to a horse, the Cowden boys of Midland, moved the entire John A. Lynch herd to the Monument draw, about 6 miles northeast of present day Jal. All the cattle were branded with the JAL brand from shoulder to hip. In the process of trying to rebrand the Cowdens found it too big a task, so they registered the brand under their name in Silver City, New Mexico Territory.

In 1910, Charles W. Justice built a store and post office near the JAL ranch headquarters. And a town was born. In 1916 Mr. Justice and the nesters were at odds, so Mr. Justice picked up his store, post office, and school and moved them to Muleshoe Draw which is about where the Dollar Store is located. This became the “City of Jal”

On November 1, 1927, Texas Co. brought in the first well, the Rhodes #1. Then on June 2, 1928, a second well, serving up more than 90 million cubic feet of gas a day, was brought in 6 miles west of Jal. Now we had a “boom town,” with all the prosperity and problems that go with it. Then in 1929 came the Great Depression. Low crude prices caused a sharp slump in drilling and people left in droves. Jal almost became a ghost town overnight.

In the summer of 1934, the Cooper #1 brought the “Big Boom” back to Jal. By now Jal had a passenger train and people came from every where. Housing was in short supply and ranchers opened their homes to “roughnecks.” New business sprang up everywhere and with the gas gathering system by El Paso Natural Gas, prosperity continued.

Airport[edit]

The city is served by the Lea County/Jal airport about three miles to the northeast. The airport has a paved, 4700 ft. runway. Jal once saw commuter airline service in 1964 by Solar Airlines.[6]

Climate[edit]

Jal experiences a cool semi-arid climate, typical of the high plains of eastern New Mexico. However, it borders a hot semi-arid climate.

Climate data for Jal, New Mexico.
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
89
(32)
98
(37)
102
(39)
107
(42)
114
(46)
112
(44)
110
(43)
108
(42)
100
(38)
89
(32)
84
(29)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 59.9
(15.5)
65.2
(18.4)
72.9
(22.7)
81.8
(27.7)
89.0
(31.7)
95.6
(35.3)
96.3
(35.7)
95.0
(35.0)
88.8
(31.6)
80.3
(26.8)
68.6
(20.3)
61.0
(16.1)
79.5
(26.4)
Average low °F (°C) 27.9
(−2.3)
32.4
(0.2)
38.8
(3.8)
47.6
(8.7)
56.8
(13.8)
65.3
(18.5)
68.0
(20.0)
66.8
(19.3)
60.2
(15.7)
48.9
(9.4)
36.7
(2.6)
29.2
(−1.6)
48.2
(9.0)
Record low °F (°C) −11
(−24)
−8
(−22)
10
(−12)
20
(−7)
28
(−2)
40
(4)
50
(10)
50
(10)
37
(3)
20
(−7)
8
(−13)
0
(−18)
−11
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.41
(10)
0.48
(12)
0.42
(11)
0.63
(16)
1.42
(36)
1.28
(33)
1.82
(46)
1.79
(45)
2.08
(53)
1.31
(33)
0.47
(12)
0.46
(12)
12.58
(320)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.3
(3.3)
0.7
(1.8)
0.3
(0.76)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.6
(1.5)
0.8
(2.0)
3.5
(8.9)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center[7]

Notable person[edit]

  • Kathy Whitworth, winner of 88 LPGA Tour events more than anyone else and 1965 and 1966 female athlete of the year.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ 2010.census.gov
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. ^ factfinder2.census.gov Archived 2014-03-05 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Solar Airlines Inc. August 1, 1964 flight schedule
  7. ^ "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
  8. ^ Kathy Whitworth named female athlete of the year

External links[edit]