Jal, New Mexico

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Jal, New Mexico
City
Location of Jal, New Mexico
Location of Jal, New Mexico
Jal, New Mexico is located in the US
Jal, New Mexico
Jal, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°6′44″N 103°11′35″W / 32.11222°N 103.19306°W / 32.11222; -103.19306Coordinates: 32°6′44″N 103°11′35″W / 32.11222°N 103.19306°W / 32.11222; -103.19306
Country United States
State New Mexico
County Lea
Area
 • Total 4.8 sq mi (12.5 km2)
 • Land 4.8 sq mi (12.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 3,071 ft (936 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,047
 • Density 426.5/sq mi (163.8/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 88252
Area code(s) 575
FIPS code 35-35040
GNIS feature ID 0899684
Website http://www.cityofjal.us/

Jal is a city in Lea County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 2,047 at the 2010 census.[1]

Geography[edit]

Jal is located at 32°6′44″N 103°11′35″W / 32.11222°N 103.19306°W / 32.11222; -103.19306 (32.112102, -103.192972).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 404
1940 1,157 186.4%
1950 2,047 76.9%
1960 3,051 49.0%
1970 2,602 −14.7%
1980 2,675 2.8%
1990 2,156 −19.4%
2000 1,996 −7.4%
2010 2,047 2.6%
Est. 2015 2,201 [3] 7.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 2,047 people, with 788 occupied houses.. The population density was 426.5 people per square mile (163.8/km²). There were 1009 housing units at an average density of 210.2 per square mile (80.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.81% White, 0.83% African American, 0.73% Native American, 11.82% from other races, and 1.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.12% of the population.

There were 788 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.5% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 19, 12.2% in their 20's, 10.1% in their 30's, 12.6% in their 40's, 13.2% in their 50's, and 22.4% who were 60 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,813, and the median income for a family was $51,538. Males had a median income of $46,250 versus $30,147 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,597. About 12.0% of families and 14.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over.

Name[edit]

In the 1880s, several brothers brought a herd of cattle to Monument Draw, six miles southeast of the present city. The cattle were branded with the initials of the previous owner (John A.Lynch) and the cattle soon came to be called the JAL Cattle. The men who worked the herd referred to them as the Jal cowboys. In time the name became synonymous with the settlement itself.

Airport[edit]

The city is served by the Lea County/Jal airport about three miles to the northeast. The airport has a paved, 4700 ft. runway. Jal once saw commuter airline service in 1964 by Solar Airlines.[6]

Climate[edit]

Jal experiences a hot semi-arid climate, typical of the high plains of eastern New Mexico.

Climate data for Jal, New Mexico.
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
89
(32)
98
(37)
102
(39)
107
(42)
114
(46)
112
(44)
110
(43)
108
(42)
100
(38)
89
(32)
84
(29)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 59.9
(15.5)
65.2
(18.4)
72.9
(22.7)
81.8
(27.7)
89.0
(31.7)
95.6
(35.3)
96.3
(35.7)
95.0
(35)
88.8
(31.6)
80.3
(26.8)
68.6
(20.3)
61.0
(16.1)
79.5
(26.4)
Average low °F (°C) 27.9
(−2.3)
32.4
(0.2)
38.8
(3.8)
47.6
(8.7)
56.8
(13.8)
65.3
(18.5)
68.0
(20)
66.8
(19.3)
60.2
(15.7)
48.9
(9.4)
36.7
(2.6)
29.2
(−1.6)
48.2
(9)
Record low °F (°C) −11
(−24)
−8
(−22)
10
(−12)
20
(−7)
28
(−2)
40
(4)
50
(10)
50
(10)
37
(3)
20
(−7)
8
(−13)
0
(−18)
−11
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.41
(10.4)
0.48
(12.2)
0.42
(10.7)
0.63
(16)
1.42
(36.1)
1.28
(32.5)
1.82
(46.2)
1.79
(45.5)
2.08
(52.8)
1.31
(33.3)
0.47
(11.9)
0.46
(11.7)
12.58
(319.5)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.3
(3.3)
0.7
(1.8)
0.3
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.6
(1.5)
0.8
(2)
3.5
(8.9)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center[7]

Notable person[edit]

  • Kathy Whitworth, winner of 88 LPGA Tour events more than anyone else and 1965 and 1966 female athlete of the year.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2010.census.gov
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ factfinder2.census.gov Archived 2014-03-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Solar Airlines Inc. August 1, 1964 flight schedule
  7. ^ "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  8. ^ Kathy Whitworth named female athlete of the year