James Johnson (minister)
|James "Holy" Johnson|
|Died||1917 (aged 80–81)|
|Nationality||British Subject, Sierra Leonean, Nigerian|
|Alma mater||Fourah Bay Institution|
|Occupation||Minister and politician|
|Known for||Political activity|
Early life and education
He was born in Sierra Leone in 1836 to liberated African parents of Yoruba origin. Johnson enrolled in a Church Mission Society (CMS) school, then went on to Fourah Bay Institution, located in Freetown, graduating in 1858.
He was a school teacher until 1863, when he entered the ministry.
The CMS was impressed by Johnson's potential, and sent him to its Yoruba mission in Nigeria, first in Lagos and then in Abeokuta. He was unsuccessful as a missionary, perhaps because of his rigid morality, and in 1880 was instead appointed pastor of the Breadfruit Church in Lagos.
When the Lagos Colony was separated from the Gold Coast in 1886, the legislative council of the new colony was composed of four official and three unofficial members. Lagos Colony Governor Alfred Moloney nominated two Africans as unofficial representatives, Johnson and the trader Charles Joseph George.
- Ayandele, Emmanuel Ayankanmi (1970). Holy Johnson, Pioneer of African Nationalism, 1836–1917. Routledge (via Google Books). ISBN 978-0-7146-1743-5.
- Lipschutz, Mark R.; Rasmussen, R. Kent (1989). "Johnson, James (Holy Johnson)". Dictionary of African Historical Biography. University of California Press (via Google Books). ISBN 978-0-520-05179-9.