Nigeria has been home to a number of kingdoms and tribal states over the millennia. The modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, and took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures whilst practising indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960. It experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.
Kano is the administrative center of the Kano State and the second largest city in Nigeria, in terms of geographical size, after Lagos. In population, it is the first most populous city in the country. Originally controlled by the Hausa, the city, along with the other Hausa states, was seized by Fulani radicals during the early nineteenth-century Fulani War and captured by the British in 1903. The city's traditional ruler is the Emir of Kano, and the current Emir, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, has been on the throne since July 2014. Kano's history is detailed in the Kano Chronicle.
Toyin Omoyeni Falola (born 1 January 1953 in Ibadan) is a Nigerian historian and professor of African Studies. He is currently the Jacob and Frances Sanger Mossiker Chair in the Humanities at the University of Texas at Austin. Falola earned his B.A. and Ph.D. (1981) in History at the University of Ife, Ile-Ife (now Obafemi Awolowo University), in Nigeria. He is a Fellow of the Historical Society of Nigeria and of the Nigerian Academy of Letters. Falola is author and editor of more than one hundred books, and he is the general editor of the Cambria African Studies Series (Cambria Press)... (read full article...)