James Stuart McKnight
James Stuart McKnight (November 15, 1884 – December 25, 1950) was a National Guard officer who served in World War I, an attorney and a member of the City Council in Los Angeles, California, in 1931 and 1932.
A native of Green Bay, Wisconsin, McKnight graduated from Los Angeles High School and from the University of Southern California Law School. In March 1919, McKnight was married in Paris, France, to motion picture actress Anita King.
McKnight was known as a sharp dresser. "His clothes are always well pressed, his hanky peeks from the top coat pocket, his glasses are always polished, and his fair hair is always neatly brushed back from his high forehead."  McKnight was a Mason.
He died on December 25, 1950, and was buried with military services at Sawtelle Cemetery in West Los Angeles. McKnight was survived by his widow, Velma, and a daughter, also named Velma, and a brother, Robert B. McKnight.
After earning his law degree from the University of Southern California in 1908, McKnight was associated with Ralph A. Chase in a law practice for ten years. "In 1916 he enlisted in the National Guard and went to Nogales, Arizona, for border duty with the old Seventh Regiment as a lieutenant."
"In March, 1917, he was made a major, and in August he was sent to Camp Kearny with the Third Battalion, becoming first commander of the camp and being in charge until Frederick Smith Strong took command of the division. . . . in July, 1918, Col. McKnight went overseas and attended the School of the Line at Langres, France. Returning to the One Hundred and Sixtieth Infantry he trained officers for a time and was then sent to the front with reserves for the First Army. When the Armistice was signed he was assigned to duty with Herbert Hoover in Paris for service in the American food relief work."
According to his wife, Anita, McKnight was promoted to lieutenant colonel in May 1919 and was retained in an executive capacity in Paris when "the American Relief Administration began to close all its missions and all financial matters were taken over by the United States Grain Corporation."
He was appointed assistant adjutant-general of the California National Guard by Governor William Stephens on November 17, 1919. He later became president of the Los Angeles Infantry Regiment Association but resigned that position under duress when it was charged he had demanded a ten percent cut from a fund-raiser hired by the association. An investigation was undertaken by a board of inquiry and, after fifteen witnesses were heard, at the end McKnight was ordered by his superior, Adjutant-General Boree, to resign. His resignation in 1921 caused him to lose his National Guard rank of colonel; he "was a major in the Federal service before being appointed by the governor." He did, however, use the title of colonel when a member of the American Legion in Long Beach, California, and at other times.
McKnight was one of the six council members who in July 1931 lost a vote to appeal a judge's decision ordering an end to racial restrictions in city-operated swimming pools. The pools had previously been restricted by race to certain days or hours. An appeal would have delayed or ended desegregation.
In April 1933, a jury in Judge Fletcher Bowron's court found him innocent of a criminal charge that he had lied to a grand jury about the renewal of a city contract with a Fontana, California, company for garbage disposal, but in 1934 he and former Councilman Roy Donley were tried on a charge of agreeing to accept a $10,000 bribe to influence their votes on the garbage contract. Both were acquitted.
McKnight lost his seat in the 1933 election to Stephen W. Cunningham, graduate manager of the Associated Students at UCLA. In December 1934, McKnight was found guilty of four counts of mailing "defamatory and libelous matter" about Cunningham through the mail and was sentenced by U.S. District Court Judge [Paul John] McCormick to six months in jail, suspended for two years.
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- "Military Services Set for James S. M'Knight," Los Angeles Times, December 28, 1950
- "English Tots Most Ill-Fed," Los Angeles Times, October 12, 1919, page II-7<
- "M.Knight Path Is Thorny One," Los Angeles Times, May 20, 1933, page A-5
- "Delegation to See Showing of Spectacle," Los Angeles Times, July 26, 1927, page A-11
- "McKnight for High State Guard Post," Los Angeles Times, November 18, 1919, page II-1
- "Resignation of McKnight Wired," Los Angeles Times, May 10, 1921, page II-1
- "Recommended Knight Quit Place in Guard," Los Angeles Times, May 13, 1921, page II-1
- "Long Beach Celebrates With Military Pomp," Los Angeles Times, May 31, 1927, page A-1
- "Carrie Nation's Sister Given Mentality Test," Los Angeles Times, June 27, 1930
- "Six New Councilmen Are Elected," Los Angeles Times, June 3, 1931, page 1
- "Vote Drops City's Pool Racial Case," Los Angeles Times, July 4, 1931, page A-1
- "M'Knight Cleared of Perjury," Los Angeles Times, April 15, 1933, page A-1
- "Ex-Councilmen Give Up on Bribe Charge," Los Angeles Daily News, March 17, 1934, page 1
- "McKnight and Donley Acquitted," Los Angeles Times, May 31, 1934
- "M'Knight Convicted," Los Angeles Times, December 20, 1934, page A-1
- Photograph of Lieutenant McKnight and a recruiting committee of National Guard officers, February 1917
Ernest L. Webster
|Los Angeles City Council
Stephen W. Cunningham