August 15, 1952 |
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Occupation||Newspaper journalist, columnist, author, and professor|
|Spouse(s)||Norman Shulman (m. 1976)|
|Children||Ben Shulman and Sam Shulman|
Jan Wong (Chinese: 黃明珍; pinyin: Huáng Míngzhēn; born August 15, 1952) is a Canadian journalist of Taishan, Guangdong ancestry. Wong worked for The Globe and Mail, serving as Beijing correspondent from 1988 to 1994, when she returned to write from Canada. She is the daughter of Montreal businessman Bill Wong, founder of Bill Wong's buffet in 1963, and earlier of the House of Wong which was the city's first Chinese restaurant to open outside Chinatown.
Life after the Cultural Revolution
Towards the end of the Cultural Revolution period, she left McGill University and flew to China. The Maoist became one of two foreign college students permitted to study at Beijing University. While at Beijing she denounced a trusting fellow student who had sought her help to escape communist China to the West. The student was subsequently shamed and expelled. "She suffered a lot ... she was sent to the countryside for hard labour. When she came back, she fought hard to clear her name." Long after, having returned from her own escape to the West, and having eventually found this person again, Wong takes comfort in learning she had not been her confidante's only betrayer, and that she did not express anger. Wong wrote another book, and did interviews on her own experience.
Wong met her future husband Norman Shulman while studying in China and married him in 1976. The couple have two sons: Ben (b. 1991) and Sam (b. 1993). Shulman, an American draft dodger of the Vietnam Era, had joined his father Jack Shulman in China and remained there when Jack and his wife Ruth left China during the turmoil of the Cultural Revolution. Shulman worked as a text-polisher for Chinese propaganda magazine China Reconstructs.
In the late 1970s, Wong began her career in journalism when she was hired as a news assistant by Fox Butterfield, China correspondent for the New York Times. Wong became tired of Party ideology and returned to Canada from Beijing. She then studied journalism at Columbia, receiving a master's degree, and found work with the Montreal Gazette, Boston Globe and the Wall Street Journal before joining the Globe and Mail as a business reporter.
In 1988, the paper sent her to China where she worked for six years as its foreign correspondent, among other things covering the Tiananmen Massacre. She later chronicled her Chinese experience in a book, Red China Blues, which was promptly banned in China. After a return trip in the late nineties, she produced a second book entitled Jan Wong's China, a somewhat less personal account of social life, the economy, and politics in modern-day China.
From 1996 to 2002, Wong was best known for her Lunch with... column in The Globe and Mail, in which she had lunch with a celebrity, who was usually but not always Canadian. Her Lunch columns were often noted for publishing her theatrical take on the private, titillating side of her lunch companions — Margaret Atwood was depicted as a prickly diva who refused to eat her lunch because she was unhappy with the table, and Gene Simmons revealed the size of his penis. In one of her most famous Lunch columns, Wong took a homeless woman to lunch.
After Lunch with Jan Wong was retired in 2002, Wong moved on to other journalistic roles with The Globe and Mail. In 2006, Wong attracted attention by imitating the work of Barbara Ehrenreich and going undercover as a cleaning lady in wealthy Toronto homes. While employed by the Globe and Mail as a reporter, Jan Wong impersonated a maid, and then wrote about her experiences in a five-part series on low-income living. The newspaper published the stories in the spring of 2006. Members of a Markham family sued the newspaper and Wong, alleging they suffered "significant embarrassment and mental distress."
Dawson College controversy
Wong published the article "Get under the desk" in The Globe and Mail on September 16, 2006. In it, the author drew a link between the actions of Marc Lépine, Valery Fabrikant and Kimveer Gill, assassins of the shootings of the École Polytechnique, Concordia University and Dawson College respectively, and the existence in Quebec of bill 101, the "decades-long linguistic struggle". She implied a relation between the fact that the three were not old-stock Québécois and the murders they committed, since they were, according to Wong, alienated in a Quebec society concerned with "racial purity".
Public outcry and political condemnation, and publicity soon followed. The Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society lodged a complaint to the Press Council of Quebec and Quebec Premier Jean Charest called the article a "disgrace" and, in an open letter to the Globe, wrote that it was a testimony to her ignorance of Canadian values which demonstrated a profound incomprehension of Quebec society. Charest demanded an apology from Wong to all Québécois. Prime Minister Stephen Harper denounced Wong's article in a letter to the newspaper published on September 21, 2006 saying that her "argument is patently absurd and without foundation." On September 20, the House of Commons unanimously passed a motion requesting an apology for the column.
Globe and Mail editor Edward Greenspon responded to the controversy by publishing a column asserting that Wong's opinion should not have been included in the piece. Wong viewed this as a betrayal by her employer, as Greenspon had previously read and approved her story.
Wong descended into a long period of deep depression following the controversy and, unable to work, went on sick leave. The Globe ordered her back to work, withdrew her sick pay and ultimately negotiated her dismissal with an undisclosed monetary settlement. According to Wong: "I wrote a feature story that sparked a political backlash, my employers failed to support me and later silenced me, and after I became clinically depressed, they fired me.”
In 2010, Wong was Visiting Irving Chair of Journalism at St. Thomas University in Fredericton, New Brunswick, and is currently an assistant professor there. She writes a column for The Chronicle-Herald in Halifax, the largest independently owned newspaper in Canada, as well as for Toronto Life and Chatelaine. A British documentary company is planning a film based on her book, Beijing Confidential (published in the U.K. under the title Chinese Whispers).
Her new book, Out of the Blue: A Memoir of Workplace Depression, Recovery, Redemption and, Yes, Happiness, is a memoir of her experience with clinical depression in which Jan Wong describes in detail the backlash she received immediately after her article appeared; and how the Globe and Mail management, in her view, abandoned her in the face of a torrent of negative reaction from all sides. She found the 'exact moment I began my descent into depression' when she was shattered by racial attack. This book was self-published after Doubleday, the publisher of her previous books, pulled out mere days before print although Doubleday denied any legal interference from The Globe; it was released May 5, 2012.
The Globe alleged that passages in the book violated a confidentiality agreement that was part of the settlement of Wong's grievance with the newspaper. An arbitrator's ruling in July 2013 ordered Wong to return her severance payment to the Globe and Mail. Wong challenged the arbitrator's decision in an Ontario court in 2014. In November 2014, the Ontario Superior Court upheld the arbitration award requiring Wong to repay the Globe and Mail her $209,000 termination settlement and also ordered her to pay $15,000 in legal fees to both the Globe and Mail and the union.
- Wong, Jan (1997). Red China Blues: My Long March from Mao to Now. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. p. 416. ISBN 0-385-48232-9.(Contains besides extensive autobiographical material an eyewitness account of the Tiananmen Massacre and the basis for a realistic estimate of the number of victims.)
- Wong, Jan (1999). Jan Wong's China: Reports From A Not-So-Foreign Correspondent. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. p. 320. ISBN 0-385-25939-5.
- Wong, Jan (2001). Lunch With Jan Wong. Toronto: Bantam Books. ISBN 0-385-25982-4.
- Wong, Jan (2007). Beijing Confidential: A Tale of Comrades Lost and Found. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. p. 320. ISBN 978-0-385-66358-8.
- Wong, Jan (2012). Out of the blue : a memoir of workplace depression, recovery, redemption and yes, happiness. Toronto: Self-published. p. 264. ISBN 978-0-9878685-0-3.
Notes and sources
- "Life lessons". Chatelaine.com. 2010-09-27. Archived from the original on May 7, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- "Bill Wong's announces last sitting". Montreal Gazette. December 15, 2006. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- Luksic, Nicola (8 March 2001). "Be nice but get them". NOW Magazine.
- "Lunch table turns on Wong". Canada.com. 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/thehour/videos.html?id=733536379. Missing or empty
- Originally published May 2007. "Notes on a scandal". Toronto Life. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- "Interviews – Jan Wong | The Tank Man | FRONTLINE". PBS. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- Williams, Julia (Summer 2004). "Little Miss Mischief". Ryerson Review of Journalism.
- "Modern Times". The Globe and Mail. 2006-04-08.
- Powell, Betsy (12 September 2008). "Globe, reporter Wong lose bid to dismiss family's suit". Toronto Star.
- Jan Wong (September 15, 2006). "Get under the desk". Globe and Mail. Toronto: Theglobeandmail.com. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- Montreal, The (2006-09-19). "Jean Charest, Open letter, The Gazette, September 19, 2006". Canada.com. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- CTV news (September 20, 2006). "Harper complains to Globe about Jan Wong column". CTV. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29.
- "39th Parliament, 1st Session, Edited Hansard, Number 049". Hansard. Retrieved 21 September 2006.
- Gessell, Paul (May 4, 2012). "Jan Wong's blues". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved May 5, 2012.[dead link]
- Cole, Susan G. (May 3–10, 2012). "Book Review: Out Of The Blue". NOW Magazine. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- Cole, Susan G. (May 3–10, 2012). "Wong wronged?". NOW Magazine. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/thecurrent/. Missing or empty
- "Jan Wong". St. Thomas University. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Jan Wong. "List of articles". The Chronicle-Herald. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Jan Wong. "List of articles". Toronto Life. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Jan Wong. "List of articles". Chatelaine. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Lee Langley (March 31, 2009). "I betrayed my friend for Mao: CHINESE WHISPERS by Jan Wong". London: Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- Wong, Jan (May 20, 2012). "Why I was hated in Quebec and abandoned in Toronto". National Post. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- "Jan Wong – Out of the Blue". Janwong.ca. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- Brennan, Brian (May 4, 2012). "Jan Wong’s Globe and Mail blues". backofthebook.ca. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- "Jan Wong ordered to repay Globe separation payment". Toronto Star. July 5, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
- David Elenbaas (July 2013). "The Globe to Jan Wong – "Eat My Lunch": Arbitrator orders repayment of settlement monies for breach of confidentiality undertaking". McMillan LLP. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
- Jesse Brown, "Jan Wong isn't over it", Canadaland, May 11, 2014
- Parker Donham, "Unreported in Canada: the Globe and Mail’s fight to suppress freedom of the press", October 20 2014
- "Jan Wong loses settlement dispute with Globe and Mail". Toronto Star. November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 4, 2014., reporting on Jan Wong v. The Globe and Mail Inc., 2014 ONSC 6372