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Javanais (French pronunciation: [ʒavanɛ]) is a type of French slang where the extra syllable ⟨av⟩ is infixed inside a word after every consonant that is followed by a vowel, in order to render it incomprehensible. Some common examples are gros ([ɡʁo], "fat") which becomes gravos ([ɡʁavo]); bonjour ([bɔ̃ʒuʁ], "hello"'), which becomes bavonjavour ([bavɔ̃ʒavuʁ]); and pénible ([peniblə], "annoying"), becomes pavénaviblave ([pavenaviblavə]). Paris ([paʁi]) becomes Pavaravis ([pavaʁavi]).
Javanais is determined by the production rule: CV → CavV. There are also many variations that can be made upon the same pattern such as: CabV, CalV, CanV, etc.
In French the word Javanais is also used to refer to the Javanese language.
Around 1957, Boris Vian wrote a song La Java Javanaise. The lyrics are a didactical method to learn the javanais. Each verse is firstly articulated in regular French, then translated in slang. As the title suggests, the song is a Java, a Parisian dance craze. In 1962, Serge Gainsbourg wrote and sang a song called La Javanaise, a pun playing on Javanese dancing and the javanais style of speaking. The song heavily employs unaltered French words that naturally have an ⟨av⟩ sequence; thus the lyrics resemble the word game of javanais.
A very well known family Dunkel has regularly used the Javanais across generations in order to share blurred information in public and/or as a code to escape the attention of young generations.
- Louchebem – a form of French slang similar to Pig Latin, originally called Largonji
- Verlan – the inversion of syllables in a French word
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