Jay Norwood Darling
Jay Norwood Darling (October 21, 1876 – February 12, 1962), better known as Ding Darling, was an American cartoonist who won two Pulitzer Prizes.
Darling was born in Norwood, Michigan, where his parents, Marcellus and Clara, had recently moved so that Marcellus could begin work as a minister. In 1886, the family moved to Sioux City, Iowa. Darling began college in 1894 at Yankton College in South Dakota and moved to Beloit College in Wisconsin the following year. There he became art editor of the yearbook and began signing his work with a contraction of his last name, D'ing, a nickname that stuck.
In 1900, Ding became a reporter for the Sioux City Journal. Following his marriage to Genevieve Pendleton in 1906, he began work with the Des Moines Register and Leader. In 1911, he moved to New York and worked with the New York Globe but went back to Des Moines in 1913. Three years later, in 1916, he returned to New York and accepted a position with the New York Herald Tribune. By 1919, Darling returned a final time to Des Moines where he continued his career as a cartoonist, winning the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning in 1924 and again in 1943. His cartoons were published from 1917 to 1949 in the New York Herald Tribune.
Darling penned some conservation cartoons and he was an important figure in the conservation movement. President Franklin Roosevelt appointed him to a blue ribbon Committee on Wildlife Restoration in 1934, FDR sought political balance by putting the Hoover Republican on the committee, knowing he was an articulate advocate for wildlife management.
Darling initiated the Federal Duck Stamp program and designed the first stamp. Roosevelt appointed him as head of the U.S. Biological Survey, forerunner of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The J. N. "Ding" Darling National Wildlife Refuge on Sanibel Island in southwest Florida is named for him, as is the Lake Darling State Park in Iowa that was dedicated on September 17, 1950. Lake Darling, a 9,600-acre lake at the Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge is also named his in honor. More recently a lodge at the National Conservation Training Center near Shepherdstown, West Virginia was named in his honor.
He was instrumental in founding the National Wildlife Federation in 1936, when President Franklin Roosevelt convened the first North American Wildlife Conference (now the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference), administered by the American Wildlife Institute (now Wildlife Management Institute).
Darling received the annual Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning, recognizing two of works for the Des Moines Register & Tribune (also published elsewhere) as the year's best, In Good Old USA (1923) and "What a Place for a Waste Paper Salvage Campaign" (1942).
- "Editorial Cartooning". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 2013-11-17.
- Douglas Brinkley, Rightful Heritage: Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Land of America (2016) p 268.
- "1934 Federal Duck Stamp". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- Brinkley, Rightful Heritage: Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Land of America (2016) pp 280-85.
- "USFWS About Upper Souris NWR". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
- "Boone and Crockett Club Archives".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jay Norwood Darling.|
- Works by or about Jay Norwood Darling at Internet Archive
- "The Story of the Ground Water Table" by J, N, "Ding" Darling
- Biographical Information
- The Editorial Cartoons of J. N. "Ding" Darling, the Cowles Library Collection at Drake University
- The Editorial Cartoons of Ding Darling, Special Collections, the University of Iowa
- Jay N. Darling at Library of Congress Authorities, with 39 catalog records