Jayanta Hazarika (Rana)
|Birth name||Jayanta Hazarika (Rana)|
20 September 1943|
Mangaldai, Assam, India
|Died||15 October 1977
Kolkata, West Bengal, India
|Occupation(s)||Singer, songwriter, composer, music director,|
Jayanta Hazarika (Assamese: জয়ন্ত হাজৰিকা) (20 September 1943 – 15 October 1977) was an Assamese Indian singer and composer. He wrote lyrics for a few songs and composed music for several movies. In his short 34 years life span he created many legendary songs that are still widely popular today in Assam.
Popularly known as Rana-da, Jayanta Hazarika was the youngest brother of Bhupen Hazarika. He started his musical career accompanying his brother and later made his name as singer and composer on his own right. Jayanta was the first Assamese composer to fuse western musical forms such as rock and roll, jazz and Western Classical with traditional Assamese melodies and created a new sound. He was a pioneer in introducing several western instruments in his compositions.
Jayanta Hazarika was born in a famous musical family of Assam. He was the youngest among the 10 children of father Nilakanta Hazarika and mother Shantipriya Hazarika. Bhupen Hazarika was his eldest brother. On 20-th September 1943 Jayanta was born at Mangaldai. Jayanta grew up in an environment full of music since his early childhood. All his brothers and sisters were deeply involved with music. At the age of nine Jayanta composed the melody for a song written by his elder brother Nripen Hazarika. Jayanta Hazarika studied high-school in Sonaram High School of Guwahati. He failed in his matriculation examination in 1962 and went to Calcutta where he recorded two songs with HMV.
Returning from Calcutta, Jayanta Hazarika assisted his brother Bhupen Hazarika as music director for the film 'Maniram Dewan'. Then onwards he continued singing and worked as music director for several films. In 1969 Jayanta married Manisha Hazarika from Calcutta. Mayukh Hazarika is their only son born on 13-th January, 1971. Both Manisha Hazarika and Mayukh Hazarika are established singers.
Jayanta Hazarika went to Calcutta in 1977 to record music for the movie 'Natun Asha'. There he fell suddenly ill and died on 15 October.
Jayanta Hazarika's musical career began with him accompanying his brother Bhupen Hazarika in stages and recordings. The first two songs Jayanta recorded with HMV were Aagoli botahe kopale kolore paat and Krishnachura Krishnachura which became instant hits and started his professional musical career. In 1963, Jayanta did his first playback singing with the song Sonar baran pakhire tor along with Shyamal Mitra for the movie 'Maniram Dewan'. Bhupen Hazarika was the music director for this movie. Jayanta along with Himangshu Biswas worked as Assistant Music Director for this movie. Thereafter Jayanta began full-time singing and music composition. Jayanta Hazarika worked as assistant music director for Bhupen Hazarika's movie 'Loti-Ghoti' and 'Chikmik Bijuli'. He did small roles for two Assamese movies 'Loti-Ghoti' and 'Chikmik bijuli'
Jayanta Hazarika composed music for feature films, documentaries and stage-plays. In his brother Bhupen Hazarika's directorial venture 'Chikmik Bijuli', Jayanta composed his first song for a movie. Jayanta composed and sang the song Mrityu xawati samadhi tolit in this movie where Bhupen Hazarika was the music director. He also composed the background score for this movie. In 1971 Jayanta Hazarika began as independent music director with the movie 'Bonoria phul'. Later on he gave music to 'Niyoti', 'Brishti', 'Dharmakaai' and 'Natun asha'. Music for Natun asha was complete by Manisha Hazarika following his untimely death. He also worked as a music director of several documentary films.
Jayanta Hazarika was associated with music direction for stage-plays. He gave music to prestigious productions like Phani Sarma's 'Siraj' and Prafulla Bora's 'Baan'. Jayanta was associated with the 'Pragoti Shilpi Sangha' of Guwahati and composed for several stage productions by the group. Jayanta also gave music to a mobile theatre group named 'Lakhimi Theatre' from Goalpara formed in memory of Pramathesh Barua. In the year 1977, Jayanta Hazarika along with lyricist Nirmalprabha Bordoloi composed 17 songs for 5 plays by this theatre group in a span of 3 days between 13-th September to 16-th September. In an interview to given to AIR, Guwahati he said, "I enjoy more creating music for stage-plays"' ("মঞ্চ-নাটৰ সংগীত পৰিচালনাকৰি মই বেছি ভাল পাওঁ..") He was regularly associated with AIR, Guwahati.
In between music direction and recording, Jayanta used to frequent various stage-shows both inside and outside Assam. He accompanied his brother Bhupen Hazarika to sing in the 'International Conference of Political Music' held in Berlin on 14-th February, 1972. He visited Bangladesh with his brother.
Characteristics of Music
Jayanta Hazarika was a seasoned player of several musical instruments. He played guitar, domra, mandolin, accordion, tabla, and harmonica. He used to collect various traditional musical instruments from other parts of the world. He could play the Harmonium in two different octaves simultaneously.
Jayanta Hazarika created music with a sophisticated mix of Traditional Assamese tunes along with Western instruments. His deft fusion of western tunes gave his music a uniqueness not associated with Modern Assamese songs till then. He also used with unconventional preludes and interludes. The combination of Nirmalprabha Bordolo's lyrics and Jayanta Hazarika's composition are considered everlasting melodies of Assam. Most of the songs created by this pair is still extremely popular.
In 1977 Jayanta Hazarika formed an institution named Xur Bahini. This was formed with the help of people from Golaghat to help the flood-victims of Assam. This group used to sing in the streets and collect remunerations which later was donated. Many singers joined Xur Bahini under Jayanta Hazarika's leadership. A total of 8 songs were composed for Xur Bahini. The songs are: "Luitor Boliya Baan", "Durjog lagnar dekho hahankar", "Aaji pranor mela patiso", "Bhoy naai bhoy naai", "Eko naai xunya haai", "Etiyao raati naai", "Obhijatri duroir ratri" and "Aeito prahar xunya prahar". On 13 August 1977 Xur Bahini went to Dibrugarh to raise faunds to help the treatment of Maghai Ojha. Jayanta Hazarika said about Xur Bahini:
"Now I will speak. I will speak with my melodies, my songs. I shall come out to sing in the streets, not on the stage. The goal of Xur Bahini is to stand with the people during trying times. Xur Bahini will prevent the rise of evil with melodies and songs."
("মই এতিয়া কথা ক'ম। কথা ক'ম মোৰ সুৰেৰে, মোৰ গীতেৰে। মই গীত গাবলৈ ওলাই আহিম আলিবাটলৈ, মঞ্চলৈ নহয়। মোৰ এই সুৰ বাহিনীৰ উদ্দেশ্য হ'ল ৰাইজৰ বিপদৰ সময়ত, দুৰ্যোগৰ সময়ত সুৰ বাহিনীয়ে ৰাইজৰ কাষত সদায়ে থিয় দিবগৈ। সংস্কৃতিৰ নামৰ দুষ্কৃতিৰ পোহাৰ মেলাসকলক সুৰ বাহিনীয়ে বাধা দিব সুৰেৰে গীতেৰে।") 
- Maniram Dewan
- Chikmik Bijuli and more
Music Director (feature film)
Jayanta Hazarika worked as Assistant music director with his brother Bhupen Hazarika for Maniram Dewan, Loti-Ghoti and Chikmik Bijuli. In Chikmik bijuli he also composed background score.
- Banaria Phul, (1971, dir: Atul Borodloi)
- Brishti, (1975, dir: Deuti Barua)
- Niyoti, (1978, dir: Indukalpa Hazarika)
- Dharmakaari (1977, dir: Bhaben Das)
- Natun Asha (1977, dir: Probir Mitra; Manisha Hazarika completes this movie after his Jayanta's untimely death)
He was composing music for few more films, but couldn't complete them:
- Ronga Megh (dir: Atul Bordoloi)
- Enajori (dir: Gouri Barman, completed 5 songs)
- Pohar (dir: Manik Bora, completed 2 songs)
- Upapath (dir: Hemanta Dutta; Manisha Hazarika completed this movie.)
Music Direction (Documentaries)
- Flora and Fauna of North-East India
- Wheels and the Horizon
- Jyoti Chitraban
Music Direction (Stage-plays)
- Siraj (dramatist: Phani Sharma)
- Baan (dramataist: Prafulla Bora)
- Juddha Ghoxonaar Din
- Jerengar Xoti
- 5 plays for Lakhimi Theatre
- Barman Shivanath (1992). Axomiya Jiwoni Obhidhan (অসমীয়া জীৱনী অভিধান). Sophia Press & Publishers Pvt. Ltd., Guwahati, FIrst Edition, Pg: 102-3
- Das, Arunlochan (2001). Ebaar ubhoti chao (এবাৰ উভতি চাওঁ), Shishu Sarothi Prokashan, Guwahati
- Borah, Mrinal Kumar (2005). Xoworoni kuwoliye chiyori chiyori koy(সোঁৱৰণী কুঁৱলীয়ে চিঞৰি চিঞৰি কয়). Asomiya Sa Re Ga Ma (Oct, 2005) (An Assamese Periodical), pg: 11
- Krishna Dulal Barua, Songs Sung True, A Profile of Jayanta Hazarika, (puclished in Assam Tribune), archived from www.bipuljyoti.in, accessed on: 23-10-2012
- Hazarika, Manisha,(2005). Teor bedona madhur smritire (তেওঁৰ বেদনা মধুৰ স্মৃতিৰে), Asomiya Sa Re Ga Ma, (October, 2005) (An Assamese periodical), pg. 9
- Rini Kakati, Legend Resurrected, (published in Assam Tribune on 15-10-2006), accessed from www.bipuljyoti.in, accessed on: 23-10-2012