He was born in La Tortue (later Saint-Mathieu) in 1787, the son of Jean-Baptiste Raymond, and later moved to La Prairie with his family. He studied at the Collège Saint-Raphaël in Montreal and had entered his father's business in manufacturing and the sale of goods by 1810. He married the daughter of a local merchant in 1810, but their infant daughter died in 1812 and his wife in 1813. He served as a major in the local militia during the War of 1812. In 1815, he married Angélique, the daughter of Laurent Leroux. His father had become ill and Raymond became responsible for the daily operation of the business, taking full control on his father's death in 1825. In 1824, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada for Huntingdon County. He opposed the union of Canada and Lower Canada. He then represented Laprairie County, formerly part of Huntingdon, from 1830 to 1838, supporting the parti canadien. Raymond voted in support of the Ninety-Two Resolutions. He was named justice of the peace for Montreal district and also served as school inspector. In 1839, he moved to L'Assomption after suffering damage to his property during the Lower Canada Rebellion. In 1841, he was elected to represent Leinster County in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada. Raymond resigned his seat in 1842 to become registrar for the county.
He died in Saint-Jacques-de-l'Achigan in 1843.
His daughter Hermine married Jean-Baptiste Varin and his daughter Marie-Clotilde married Tancrède Sauvageau. His nephew Louis-François-Rodrigue Masson served in the Canadian House of Commons and Senate and was lieutenant-governor of Quebec.
- "Jean-Moïse Raymond". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
- Journals of the House of Assembly of Lower Canada, from the 7th January to the 18th March, 1834 p. 337
- "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.