|Full name||Jean-Pierre Monseré|
|Born||8 September 1948|
|Died||15 March 1971 (aged 22)|
|One-day races and Classics
Jean-Pierre "Jempi" Monseré (8 September 1948 – 15 March 1971) was a Belgian road racing cyclist who died while champion of the world.
As a child, the energetic Monseré excelled in different sports like football and athletics. He rode his first bicycle race in Lendelede at the age of 12, competing against fifteen-year-old cyclists.
Monseré won his first official race on July 7, 1963, in the Sint-Elooi Prize in Ruddervoorde. He managed to put this race completely in his hands and he finished with a lead of no less than 7 minutes. At 15, Monseré, already targeted by several competitors, won the Belgian Road Championship for under-novices.
In 1965, Dr. Derluyn joined the staff of Jean-Pierre Monseré. Under his guidance, "Jempi" switched from the then popular training methods, consisting of endless endurance training, to interval training. As a result, training had to be done less and they could build more peace, so a rider had much more recuperation.
Monseré became amateur cyclist in 1967. In the Belgian Road Championship, he and Roger De Vlaeminck were considered as favourites. But their rivalry both cost them the title with Monseré ending second.
The following year, he again finished as second in the Belgian Road Championship.
Following his victory in the mountain race GP Peugeot, Monseré was included in the Belgian national team for the 1968 Summer Olympics as a support rider for Roger De Vlaeminck. After De Vlaeminck crashed in a training ride, Monseré could ride for himself and finished in 6th place in the individual road race.
Once more, Monseré ended as second in the 1969 Belgian Road Championship. In his last World Amateur Championship, he hoped to win the world title in Brno, Czechoslovakia. However, the Dane Leif Mortensen was crowned world champion. Monseré won the silver medal and compatriot Staf Van Roosbroeck bronze.
Professional career and death
He became professional for Flandria in 1969, and won the Giro di Lombardia that year, after Gerben Karstens tested positive for taking amphetamines. A year later, Monseré became the Belgian track omnium champion.
Monseré continued to affirm his exceptional qualities, including his self-discipline and hunger for victory. He owed a lot to the strong bond with his blind masseur Jacques Delva, who, among other things, let him perform the basic yoga asanas.
He was selected in the Belgian team for the 1970 World Championship in Leicester, England. In the final, Eddy Merckx encouraged Monseré to chase the leading cyclists, saying 'if you want to win, you have to go to Gimondi'. Monseré escaped with a small group and eventually won the world championship. He was the second-youngest world champion after another Belgian, Karel Kaers.
In 1971, he was again Belgian track champion, this time in the madison discipline. On the road, he won the Vuelta a Andalucía in February 1971.
On 15 March 1971, Monseré was riding the Grote Jaarmarktprijs in Retie after being convinced by Eric and Roger De Vlaeminck to participate. Monseré realised it was good training for Milan–San Remo the following weekend. On the road from Lille to Gierle, he and Roger De Vlaeminck agreed they had trained enough and they were about to exit the race. However, a car driving onto the course collided head-on with Monseré killing him outright. His funeral was attended by more than 20,000 people, including several government ministers, and top cyclists including Eddy Merckx, Roger De Vlaeminck, Patrick Sercu and Joop Zoetemelk. Merckx placed the flowers he had received after his Milan–San Remo victory on the coffin. In a cruel twist of fate, in 1976 Monseré's seven-year-old son Giovanni died after a collision with a car, while riding his racing bike which was given to him on his first communion by a family friend, another world champion Freddy Maertens. Like his father, the little boy was also wearing a rainbow jersey.
Investigation of the accident showed blunders of both the local law enforcement forces and the race organization. As it was a small local race, the gendarmerie had refused to cooperate, and the police did not find it necessary to stop traffic on the course. Moreover, other than a car driving in front, there were no other signs warning that a race was ongoing. The driver of the car, a woman in her twenties, was not blamed. Following the accident, the regulations related to cycling races at all levels were tightened.
In a documentary years later, Roger De Vlaeminck stated that "Merckx would have had a lot of trouble with him. Monseré was better than him, I think. He was more of an all-rounder. He could sprint and climb very well. He rode … also more reasoned than Merckx and me. In my view, he had to do less to achieve the same results."
Jean-Pierre Monseré is remembered each year with a memorial cycle trophy, the Grote Herdenkingsprijs Monseré, organized by the Retiese Wielerclub 'De Zonnestraal'. Jempi Monseré's medals are in the Belgian national cycle museum in Roeselare.
- 2nd Belgian National Road Race Championships, Under-23 road race
- 1st Stage 1 Ronde van Limburg Amateur race
- 2nd Belgian National Road Race Championships, Amateur road race
- 5th Ronde Van Vlaanderen Beloften
- 1st Elfstedenronde Amateur race
- 1st Trophée Peugeot
- Belgian National Road Race Championships
- 6th Road race, Olympic Games
- 1st Giro di Lombardia
- 1st Omloop der Vlaamse Gewesten Amateur race
- 1st Omloop Het Volk Amateur race
- 2nd Road race, UCI Amateur Road World Championships
- 2nd Belgian National Road Race Championships, Amateur road race
- 2nd Coppa Ugo Agostoni
- 2nd Circuit de Wallonie
- 3rd Kampioenschap van Vlaanderen
- 6th Grand Prix de Fourmies
- 1st Road race, UCI Road World Championships
- 1st Stage 1 Paris–Luxembourg
- Vuelta a Andalucía
- 1st Stages 2 & 4
- 1st Omloop der Zuid-West-Vlaamse Bergen
- 1st Zomergem – Adinkerke
- Four Days of Dunkirk
- 1st Stage 1 (TTT)
- 2nd Kampioenschap van Vlaanderen
- 2nd Bruxelles–Meulebeke
- 2nd Omloop van de Grensstreek
- 2nd Omloop van de Leievallei
- 2nd Omloop van het Houtland
- 2nd GP Roeselare
- 3rd Road race, National Road Championships
- 4th Critérium des As
- 4th Druivenkoers Overijse
- 6th Tour of Flanders
- 8th Gent–Wevelgem
- 8th La Flèche Wallonne
- 10th Paris–Roubaix
- 1st Overall Vuelta a Andalucía
- 1st Stages 1 & 3
- 2nd Omloop van het Zuidwesten
- 9th Circuit des Onze Villes
- 10th Kuurne–Brussels–Kuurne
- 1st National Track Championships, Amateurs Team pursuit (with Ronny Van Marcke, Rudy Serruys and Armand Van Wijnsberghe)
- 1st National Track Championships, Amateurs Team pursuit (with Ronny Van Marcke, Christian Callens and Rudy Serruys)
- 1st National Track Championships, Omnium
- 1st Six Days of Ghent (with Patrick Sercu)
- 1st Omnium of Antwerp (with Patrick Sercu and Roger De Vlaeminck)
- 1st Omnium of Milan (with Eddy Merckx)
- 1st Omnium of Ghent, October (with Patrick Sercu)
- 2nd Omnium of Ghent, January (with Roger De Vlaeminck and Erik De Vlaeminck)
- 1st National Track Championships, Madison (with Patrick Sercu)
- 1st Omnium of Brussels (with Eddy Merckx, Roger De Vlaeminck and Ferdinand Bracke)
- 2nd Six Days of Antwerp (with Dieter Kemper and Julien Stevens)
- A monument in Lille in 1971.
- nl:De Dood van een Sandwichman, a 1972 film documentary by Robbe de Hert and Guido Henderickx.
- A street, Jean-Pierre Monseréstraat in Roeselare and a road, Monseréweg in Lille.
- Museum KOERS in Roeselare in 1998
- Grote Prijs Jean-Pierre Monseré, from 2012.
- A statue in Roeselare in 2021
- De dood van Jempi by Jan Emiel Daele in 1972, 89 p. (Dutch) 5950991
- Jempi – Getuigenissen over wereldkampioen 1970 by Manu Adriaens and Eddy Brouckaert in 1986, 95 p. (Dutch) ISBN 9789094007386
- Jean-Pierre Monseré, voor altijd 22 by Mark van Hamme in 2011, 296 p. (Dutch) ISBN 9789086792856
- Monseré by Mark van Hamme in 2020, 120 p. (Dutch) ISBN 9789463887533
- ^ Van Hamme, Mark, Jean-Pierre Monseré, voor altijd 22, Roeselare: Roularta Books, 2010, (p. 42).
- ^ a b "The world champion died on a Monday". CyclingTips. 15 March 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
- ^ "Jean-Pierre Monseré Olympic Results". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- ^ "Jean-Pierre Monséré". FirstCycling.com. 2022.
- ^ "Palmarès de Jean-Pierre Monséré (Bel) – Ex". Memoire-du-cyclisme.eu (in French). Retrieved 31 December 2021.
- ^ "Vandaag is het ook al 50 jaar geleden dat de Vlaamse wielrenner Jean-Pierre Monseré is overleden". Gisteren Nog Vandaag (in Dutch). Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- ^ "In memoriam Monseré" (in Dutch). servicekoers.be. 5 July 2021.
- ^ "50 jaar geleden verongelukte Jempi Monseré in regenboogtrui: "Hij was niet van plan om te koersen én wilde kort voor het voorval afstappen"". Het Laatste Nieuws (in Dutch). 15 March 2021.
- ^ Monseré Memorial GP
- ^ "Lille, monument Jean Pierre Monseré". kempenskarakter (in Dutch).
- ^ "S.O.S. Fonske (1968) & De dood van een sandwichman (1972)". cinea.be (in Dutch). Retrieved 21 December 2021.
- ^ "50 jaar na WK-zege: KOERS verrast bewoners Jean-Pierre Monseréstraat met taart". Het Laatste Nieuws (in Dutch). Retrieved 16 August 2020.
- ^ "Monseréweg, Lille". street2house.
- ^ "KOERS – Museum van de wielersport". koersmuseum.be (in Dutch).
- ^ "GP Jean-Pierre Monseré". FirstCycling. Retrieved 5 December 2022.
- ^ "Standbeeld voor Jean-Pierre Monseré onthuld aan KOERS: "Zonder Jempi had Roeselare geen wielermuseum"". Het Laatste Nieuws (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 September 2021.
- Biographical information at Cycling Hall of Fame
- Jean-Pierre Monseré at Cycling Archives