Jeremy Peat, OBE (born March 1945) is a member of the Competition Commission and the Director of the David Hume Institute. He is a former member of the BBC Trust, the governing body of the British Broadcasting Corporation, where he was the Scottish Trustee.
Peat trained as an economist at Bristol University and University College London. He worked as an economist for various UK Government departments - including a brief spell at HM Treasury and eight years at the Scottish Office - and also carried his economic toolkit to assignments overseas, to Bangkok in 1972-74 and Botswana in 1980-84. He was Group Chief Economist at the Royal Bank of Scotland. On 1 July 2005 Peat was appointed the Director of the David Hume Institute.
He is a Fellow of both the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the Chartered Institute of Bankers in Scotland and is a member of the Competition Commission.  He is also an Honorary Professor at Heriot Watt University, Chair of Trustees of the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland and a board member of the Signet Accreditation Company.
Peat joined the BBC on 1 January 2005 as the National Governor for Scotland on the former BBC Board of Governors, he replaced Sir Robert Smith (now Lord Smith of Kelvin). During his time on the board he was the chairman of the Audit Committee, a position Sir Robert also held. He was also the Chairman of the BBC Pension Board Trustees.
Upon the formation of the BBC Trust, Peat was one of four Governors (including Richard Tait, Dermot Gleeson and then Chairman Michael Grade) who transitioned to the new governing body of the BBC. On 1 November 2008 his term as a Trustee was extended until 31 December 2010.
Peat retired from the board of the BBC on 31 December 2010 after serving two terms.