Jessica Rabbit in Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988)
|First appearance||Who Censored Roger Rabbit?|
|Created by||Gary K. Wolf
|Voiced by||Kathleen Turner (speaking voice, film)
Amy Irving (singing voice, film)
|Performance model||Betsy Brantley (film)|
|Occupation||Club singer (Who Framed Roger Rabbit)|
Jessica Rabbit is a fictional character in Who Censored Roger Rabbit? and its loose film adaptation, Who Framed Roger Rabbit. She is depicted as Roger's human toon wife in various Roger Rabbit media. Jessica is renowned as one of the most well-known sex symbols in animation. She is also well known for the quote: "I'm not bad. I'm just drawn that way."
Author Gary K. Wolf based Jessica primarily on the cartoon character Red from Tex Avery's Red Hot Riding Hood. The film version of the character was inspired by various actresses. Richard Williams explained, "I tried to make her like Rita Hayworth; we took her hair from Veronica Lake, and Zemeckis kept saying, 'What about the look Lauren Bacall had?'" He described that combination as an "ultimate male fantasy, drawn by a cartoonist." Before Robert Zemeckis was brought on board as director, Jessica had a different design, and was to be voiced by Russi Taylor. Taylor would go on to provide the voice in test footage from 1981.
In the novel, Jessica was an immoral, up-and-coming star, and former comic character with whom her estranged husband (comic strip star Roger Rabbit) became obsessed. She is re-imagined in the film as a sultry, but moral, cartoon singer at a Los Angeles supper club called The Ink and Paint Club. She is one of several suspects in the framing of her husband, who is a famous cartoon star accused of murder. She is voiced by Kathleen Turner, who was uncredited for her role. Amy Irving was cast to sing "Why Don't You Do Right?" (a blues song made famous by Peggy Lee) for Jessica's first scene in the movie. According to animation director Richard Williams, other than being a beautiful female human toon temptress, she deeply loves her husband Roger. She even calls him her "honey-bunny" and "darling." She claims that he makes her laugh, is a better lover than a driver and that he's "better than Goofy" after Roger attempts to save her from Judge Doom and the Toon Patrol. As proof of her love, she tells Eddie that she'll pay any price for Roger and she even helps prove him innocent by helping in the investigation.
Even though she's a human Toon, she is shown to have a few of the comedic cartoon antics typical of other Toons. One such example was her cleavage having a hammerspace ability, as one of the weasels searched her (with obvious perverted intent) for Marvin Acme's last will and testament, only to comically get his hand caught in a bear trap, with Valiant commenting on the event with a pun ("Nice booby trap"). Another could be her restrained "wild take" (as she shouts, "Oh, my God, It's DIP!") seeing Judge Doom's scheme involving the Dip, while a subtle effect was added by animator Russell Hall: The bounce of Jessica's bosom was reversed from that of a real woman so that it would bounce up when a real woman's breasts bounce down and vice versa. Furthermore, when she blows kisses (as seen to Eddie in one scene) the lip-kisses are also done in a cartoonish style.
After the film, Jessica also appeared in the Roger Rabbit/Baby Herman shorts Tummy Trouble as a nurse, Roller Coaster Rabbit as a damsel in distress, and Trail Mix-Up as a park ranger. In Tummy Trouble and Roller Coaster Rabbit she made no impression, but in Trail Mix-Up Roger fantasizes over her, calling her a "babe in the woods" and panting like a dog. She also appeared frequently in the Roger Rabbit comic book series, and she had her own feature in most issues of Roger Rabbit's Toontown such as "Beauty Parlor Bedlam," where she comes face to face with female weasel counterpart, Winnie.
Though Jessica didn't physically appear in the Disney film Aladdin and the King of Thieves, a cardboard cut-out of her body (from the neck-down) was visible for a few seconds while Genie was picking wedding dresses for Princess Jasmine, to which he did the Wolf-whistle. She was mentioned in the 1991 Tiny Toon Adventures episode "New Character Day", while her legs were briefly seen out a limo door in the episode "Buster and Babs Go Hawaiian".
With the success of the film and upon the opening of Disney-MGM Studios on May 1, 1989, the film's characters featured prominently in the company. After taking the Studio Backlot Tour, various props decorated the streets including two different photo opportunities with Jessica: a glittery cardboard cutout and "The Loony Bin" photo shop which allowed you to take pictures in costume standing next to an actual cartoon drawing of characters from the film. There was also a plethora of merchandise including Jessica Rabbit rub-on stickers called "pressers". The Jessica Rabbit Store, entitled "Jessica's", was once part of Pleasure Island, Disney’s nightclub attraction and shopping area. The store included a giant 2-sided neon Jessica sign with sequined dress and swinging leg and featured nothing but Jessica Rabbit merchandise. The store closed in 1992.
"I'm not bad. I'm just drawn that way."
Her line "I'm not bad, I'm just drawn that way" in the film is commonly described as a famous line of hers. It was nominated as one of the greatest quotes by AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes. Samantha Wilson from Uproxx felt that line was a pivotal quote because her quip to Eddie Valiant [the protagonist of the film] is what people remember most about her and what makes Eddie think she is guilty.
Jessica Rabbit has received positive reviews and is described as a sex symbol among classic animated characters, commonly ranked among other animated characters such as Betty Boop and Ariel. According to research by Cadbury Dairy Milk, Jessica Rabbit remains the most alluring character in cartoons. Her red dress was also recognized clothing worn by an animated character along with Snow White's dress. In 2008, Jessica Rabbit was selected by Empire Magazine as one of The 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All-Time, explaining that despite being drawn as a classic femme fatale, one of the movie's strengths is to allow the character to play against the stereotype". She was also ranked as the sixth greatest animated character by the same magazine stating that "there's more to her than just the sort of lines that would clean sweep America's Next Top Model there's a pure heart and ready wit beneath that magnificent exterior." Internet Movie Database had a poll that ranked her as the most alluring Disney character according to votes from audiences of the page.
With the release of Who Framed Roger Rabbit In Laserdisc, Variety first reported in March 1994 that observers uncovered several scenes of antics from the animators that supposedly featured brief nudity of Jessica Rabbit in the film. While undetectable when played at the usual rate of 24 film frames per second, the Laserdisc player allowed the viewer to advance frame-by-frame to uncover these visuals. Whether or not they were actually intended to depict the nudity of the character remains unknown. Many retailers said that within minutes of the Laserdisc debut, their entire inventory was sold out. The run was fueled by media reports about the controversy, including stories on CNN and various newspapers.
- Listed in the end of movie credits
- Listed in Cast for the movie by IMDb
- THE LAST MOVIE STAR from Entertainment Weekly.
- "Q & A with Gary Wolf". JimDavies.org.
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- Trivia for Who Framed Roger Rabbit
- "WDW Opening Dates". Archived from the original on 2008-07-04. Retrieved 2008-06-11.
- "The 100 Greatest Movie Characters: Jessica Rabbit". Empire. December 5, 2006. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes nomination" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- Wilson ,Samantha (29 August 2015). "'Roger Rabbit' Was A Visual Marvel, But Its Script Doesn't Get Enough Credit'". Uproxx. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- Bath, Dave (24 November 2014). "14 Of The Hottest Female Animated Characters (1 Jessica Rabbit". Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "The 50 Best Animated Movie Characters: Jessica Rabbit". Empire. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Daily Poll: Discuss past/current daily polls, and propose new polls Of all the Disney animated heroines, who was the most alluring?". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "No Underwear Under There". Chicago Tribune. March 22, 1994. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
- Michael Fleming (March 14, 1994). "Jessica Rabbit revealed". Variety. Retrieved November 4, 2008.
- Adam Sandler (March 16, 1994). "Rabbit frames feed flap". Variety. Retrieved November 4, 2008.