Jiang Chaozong

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Jiang Chaozong
Jiangchaozong.jpg
Jiang Chaozong
Native name 江朝宗
Born 1861
Died 1943 (aged 81–82)
Allegiance
Rank General
Jiang Chaozong
Simplified Chinese 江朝宗
Traditional Chinese 江朝宗

Jiang Chaozong (1861–1943) was a Chinese General and an acting Premier of the Republic of China in 1917.

While he was posted at Nanzheng, Shaanxi, Jiang was contacted by Huang Chaoyong who asked for military help in crushing an uprising by the Gelaohui. The Yang Xian militia leader was then approached by Jiang for assistance.[1]

His previous position was Chief of the Beijing Commandery and he temporarily replaced Wu Tingfang's as acting Premier from Jun 12-24. During his tenure parliament was dissolved by his mandate.[2] He was succeeded as Premier by Li Jingxi.[3]

The monarchists Zhang Xun and Kang Youwei drawn up a plan for the restoration of the Qing dynasty and showed up in Beijing, drawing Jiang into their plan. On 1 July, on Zhang Xun's instructions, war minister Wang Shizhen, army commander Jiang Chaozong, and former Qing dignitary Liang Qichao acted on this plan, which failed.[4] The plan to restore Emperor Puyi failed.

Jiang leased land to Dr. Ethel Margaret Phillips in Beijing. He held high rank during the Qing dynasty and in 1917 served as Mayor of Beijing.[5]

Jiang ended up collaborating with the Japanese during the Second Sino Japanese War, joining the Provisional Government of the Republic of China.[6] He was declared a traitor by the Chinese government and died in 1943.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carl Whitney Jacobson (1993). Brotherhood and society: the Shaanxi Gelaohui, 1867-1912. University of Michigan. p. 274. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  2. ^ Linda Pomerantz-Zhang (1992). Wu Tingfang (1842-1922): reform and modernization in modern Chinese history. Hong Kong University Press. p. 251. ISBN 962-209-287-X. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  3. ^ Chinese History - The Republic of China (1911-1949) ruling people, politicians and statesmen
  4. ^ Сергей Леонидович Тихвинский (1983). Модерн хисторий оф Чина. Progress Publishers. p. 735. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  5. ^ Clifford H. Phillips (2003). The lady named Thunder: the biography of Dr. Ethel Margaret Phillips (1876-1951). University of Alberta. p. 255. ISBN 0-88864-417-5. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  6. ^ David P. Barrett, Lawrence N. Shyu (2001). Chinese collaboration with Japan, 1932-1945: the limits of accommodation. Stanford University Press. p. 258. ISBN 0-8047-3768-1. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  7. ^ Jiageng Chen, A. H. C. Ward, Raymond W. Chu, Janet W. Salaff (1994). The memoirs of Tan Kah-kee. Singapore University Press, National University of Singapore. p. 140. ISBN 9971-69-178-7. Retrieved 2010-06-28.