Jill Esmond 1932
Jill Esmond Moore|
26 January 1908
28 July 1990 (aged 82)|
Wandsworth, London, England
(m. 1930; div. 1940)
Henry V. Esmond|
Jill Esmond (born Jill Esmond Moore, 26 January 1908 – 28 July 1990) was an English stage and screen actress. She was the first wife of Laurence Olivier.
While her parents toured with theatre companies, Esmond spent her childhood in boarding schools until she decided at the age of 14 to become an actress. She made her stage debut playing Wendy to Gladys Cooper's Peter Pan, but her success was short-lived. When her father died suddenly in 1922, Esmond returned to school and at the time considered abandoning her ambition to act.
After reassessing her future and coming to terms with her father's death, she studied with the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, and returned to the West End stage in 1924. In 1925, she starred with her mother in a play Mary, Mary Quite Contrary, and after a few more successful roles, won critical praise for her part as a young suicide in Outward Bound.
Marriage and career
In 1928 Esmond (billed as Jill Esmond Moore) appeared in the production of Bird in the Hand, where she met fellow cast member Laurence Olivier for the first time. Three weeks later, he proposed to her. In his autobiography Olivier later wrote that he was smitten with Esmond, and that her cool indifference to him did nothing but further his ardour. When Bird in the Hand was being staged on Broadway, Esmond was chosen to join the American production – but Olivier was not.
Determined to be near Esmond, Olivier travelled to New York City where he found work as an actor. Esmond won rave reviews for her performance. Olivier continued to follow Esmond, and after proposing to her several times, she agreed and the couple were married on 25 July 1930 at All Saints', Margaret Street; within weeks, the couple regretted their marriage. They had one son, Tarquin Olivier (born 21 August 1936).
Returning to the United Kingdom, Esmond made her film debut with a starring role in an early Alfred Hitchcock film The Skin Game (1931), and over the next few years appeared in several British and (pre-Code) Hollywood films, including Thirteen Women (1932). She also appeared in two Broadway productions with Olivier, Private Lives in 1931 with Noël Coward and Gertrude Lawrence and The Green Bay Tree in 1933.
Esmond's career continued to ascend while Olivier's own career languished, but after a couple of years, when his career began to show promise, she began to refuse roles. Esmond had been promised a role by David O. Selznick in A Bill of Divorcement (1932) but at only half-salary. Olivier had discovered that Katharine Hepburn had been offered a much greater salary, and convinced Esmond to turn down the role.
Esmond starred in the Broadway production of Emlyn Williams' play The Morning Star in 1942, a production noted for the acting debut of Gregory Peck. Her acting appearances grew more sporadic with the passage of time, and she made her final film appearance in 1955, around the time she made her two appearances as Eleanor of Aquitaine in the TV series The Adventures of Robin Hood.
Esmond withstood the publicity of Olivier's affair with Vivien Leigh and did not seek a divorce. Pressed by Olivier, who was anxious to marry Leigh, she eventually agreed and they were divorced on 29 January 1940. She returned briefly to acting and appeared in such popular films as Journey for Margaret, The Pied Piper and Random Harvest, all in 1942 and The White Cliffs of Dover (1944).
To the end of his life, Olivier continued alimony payments to Esmond.[Note 1] Esmond kept in touch with Olivier, and in a letter to their son Tarquin, said "It's funny after all that time how I can still love him so much." Frail and in a wheelchair, she attended Olivier's memorial service in October 1989 at Westminster Abbey.
- The Chinese Bungalow (1930)
- The Eternal Feminine (1931)
- The Skin Game (1931)
- Once a Lady (1931)
- Ladies of the Jury (1932)
- State's Attorney (1932)
- Is My Face Red? (1932)
- Thirteen Women (1932)
- F.P.1 Doesn't Answer (1933)
- No Funny Business (1933)
- On the Spot (1939 version of the 1938 TV movie)
- Prison Without Bars (1939 TV movie)
- On the Sunny Side (1942)
- This Above All (1942)
- Eagle Squadron (1942)
- The Pied Piper (1942)
- Random Harvest (1942)
- Journey for Margaret (1942)
- The White Cliffs of Dover (1944)
- Casanova Brown (1944)
- My Pal Wolf (1944)
- The Bandit of Sherwood Forest (1946)
- Bedelia (1946)
- Escape (1948)
- Private Information (1952)
- Night People (1954)
- A Man Called Peter (1955)
- Wilson, Scott (2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed. McFarland. p. 229. ISBN 9781476625997. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
- Goldberg, Harry (September 22, 1929). "English Youth". The Honolulu Advertiser. Hawaii, Honolulu. p. 50. Retrieved February 24, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- Gehman, Richard (February 9, 1961). "The Life and Loves of Sir Laurence Olivie: The Man, a Tangled Mass of Contradictions". Philadelphia Daily News. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Hearst Headline Service. p. 36.
- "("Jill Esmond" search results)". Internet Broadway Database. The Broadway League. Archived from the original on 24 February 2018. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
- Coleman 2006, p. 42.
- Olivier 1994, p. 88.
- Patton, Maureen. "'She wasn't intended to be a mother. The purpose of her life was her love of Larry': Vivien Leigh's stepson talks candidly about the troubled star and Hollywood icon." Daily Mail (via Daily Mail), 2 November 2013.
- Olivier 1994, p. 77.
- Cottrell 1975, p. 63.
- Beckett 2005, p. 30.
- Madsen 2002, p. 80.
- Coleman 2005, p. 489.
- Spoto 2001, p. 102.
- Barker 1984, p. 42.
- Olivier 1992, p. 258.
- Olivier 1992, p. 259.
- "Deaths England and Wales 1984–2006." findmypast.com. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- Barker, Felix. Laurence Olivier: A Critical Study. Speldhurst, Kent, UK: Spellmount, 1984. ISBN 978-0-88254-926-2.
- Beckett, Francis (2005). Olivier. London: Haus. ISBN 978-1-904950-38-7.
- Coleman, Terry (2006) . Olivier: The authorised biography. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-8080-5.
- Cottrell, John. Laurence Olivier. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1975. ISBN 978-0-1352-6152-1.
- Garber, Marjorie (2013). Bisexuality and the Eroticism of Everyday Life. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-61284-8.
- Madsen, Axel. The Sewing Circle: Sappho's Leading Ladies. London: Kensington Books, 2002. ISBN 0-7582-0101-X.
- Olivier, Laurence (1994) . Confessions of an Actor. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-14-006888-7.
- Olivier, Tarquin. My Father Laurence Olivier. London: Headline Books, 1992. ISBN 978-0-7472-0611-8.
- Spoto, Donald. Laurence Olivier: A Biography. London: Cooper Square Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8154-1146-8.
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