John, Elector of Saxony
John of Saxony by Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1509.
|Elector of Saxony|
|Reign||5 May 1525 – 16 August 1532|
|Successor||John Frederick I|
30 June 1468|
Meissen, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire
|Died||16 August 1532
Schweinitz, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire
|Spouse||Sophie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Margaret of Anhalt-Köthen
|Issue||John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony
Maria, Duchess of Pomerania
John Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Coburg
|House||House of Wettin|
|Father||Ernst, Elector of Saxony|
|Mother||Elisabeth of Bavaria|
From 1486 onwards he was the heir presumptive of his childless brother Frederick the Wise; when he died in 1525, John inherited the title of Elector. As his nickname "The Steadfast" indicates, he resolutely continued the policies of his brother toward protecting the progress of the Protestant Reformation. In 1527 the Lutheran Church was established as the state church in Ernestine Saxony, with the Elector as Chief Bishop. He was a leader of the Schmalkaldic League of Protestant states formed in 1530 to protect the Reformation.
He died in Schweinitz. After his death he was, like his brother Frederick, buried in the famous Castle Church in Wittenberg with a grave by Hans Vischer. He was succeeded by his eldest son John Frederick.
Marriage and children
- John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (b. Torgau, 30 June 1503 – d. Weimar, 3 March 1554).
- Maria (b. Weimar, 15 December 1515 – d. Wolgast, 7 January 1583), married on 27 February 1536 to Duke Philip I of Pomerania-Wolgast
- Margaret (b. Zwickau, 25 April 1518 – d. Liestal, Switzerland, 10 March 1545), married on 10 June 1536 to Hans Buser, Freiherr of Liestal.
- John (b. and d. Weimar, 26 September 1519)
- John Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Coburg (b. Coburg, 10 May 1521 – d. Coburg, 8 February 1553).
|This article does not cite any sources. (September 2015)|
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "John, Elector of Saxony". Encyclopædia Britannica 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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John, Elector of SaxonyBorn: 30 June 1468 Died: 16 August 1532
|Elector of Saxony