John Alefounder

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John Alefounder (1757 – 1795) was a painter of portraits and miniatures, working in London and later in India.


Alefounder was born in Colchester, Essex in 1757 and became a student at the Royal Academy Schools in 1776.[1]

He exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1777 and 1793. The first piece he showed was a Design for a Lunatic Asylum, but after that he showed mostly portraits.[2] He won a silver medal in 1782.

In 1784 he exhibited some theatrical portraits and portrait groups. Francesco Bartolozzi made an engraving after his portrait of "Peter the Wild Boy"[3] and in the same year C.H. Hodges engraved his portrait of the actor John Edwin.[3][4]

He subsequently went to India and died at Calcutta on 25 December 1794.[1][3] According to William Baillie, in a letter written the following year, he committed suicide, in despair at his financial situation.[5]


  1. ^ a b "John Alefounder" (PDF). Royal Academy Collections. Archived from the original on 23 March 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Graves, Algernon (1905). The Royal Academy: A Complete Dictionary of Contributors from its Foundations in 1769 to 1904. 1. London: Henry Graves. p. 19. 
  3. ^ a b c Bryan,1886–9
  4. ^ "H Beard Print Collection". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  5. ^ Tillotson, Giles Henry Rupert (2000). The Artificial Empire: The Indian Landscapes of William Hodges. Routledge. p. 121. ISBN 9780700712823. 


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