John Bayard

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John Bayard.jpg
Mayor of New Brunswick, New Jersey
In office
1794–1796
Preceded by Lewis Dunham
Succeeded by Abraham Schuyler
Member of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania for the County of Philadelphia
In office
16 October 1781 – 4 November 1782
Preceded by Joseph Reed
Succeeded by John Dickinson
Personal details
Born John Bubenheim Bayard
(1738-08-11)August 11, 1738
Bohemia Manor, Maryland
Died January 7, 1807(1807-01-07) (aged 68)
New Brunswick, New Jersey
Spouse(s) Margaret Hodge
(m. 1759; her death 1780)

Mary Grant Hodgson (m. 1781; her death 1785)
Johannah White
(m. 1786; his death 1807)
Relations Littleton Kirkpatrick (grandson)
James A. Bayard II (nephew)
Charles Hodge (nephew)
Andrew Kirkpatrick (son-in-law)
Samuel H. Smith (son-in-law)
George Dashiell Bayard (great-grandson)
Children 8, including Margaret
Parents James Bayard
Mary Asheton
Education West Nottingham Academy
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch Continental Army
Rank Colonel
Battles/wars Revolutionary War
 • Battle of Brandywine
 • Battle of Germantown
 • Battle of Trenton

Col. John Bubenheim Bayard (11 August 1738 – 7 January 1807) was a merchant, soldier, and statesman from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a delegate for Pennsylvania to the Congress of the Confederation in 1785 and 1786, and later mayor of New Brunswick, New Jersey.[1]

Early life[edit]

John Bubenheim Bayard was born on 11 August 1738 to James Bayard (1717–1780) and Mary Asheton (b. ca. 1715) at Bohemia Manor on August 11, 1738. His twin brother was James Asheton Bayard (1738–1770). His father, James, was the youngest son of Samuel Bayard (1675–1721), who was born in New Amsterdam, and Susanna Bouchelle (1678–1750).[2] Bayard was educated at West Nottingham Academy under the tutelage of the Rev. Samuel Finley, who later became the 5th President of Princeton University.[3]

Family[edit]

Bayard's family were French Huguenots who escaped France through the Netherlands. His 2x great grandfather, Samuel Bayard (d. ca. 1647), the son of the Rev. Balthazar Bayard, married Ann Stuyvesant, the daughter of the Rev. Balthazar Stuyvesant, in the Netherlands in 1638.[2] After Samuel Bayard's death, she brought their four children, of which Petrus Bayard (d. 1690), John Bayard's great grandfather, was the eldest, to New Netherland with her brother Peter Stuyvesant in 1647. In 1698, John Bayard's grandfather, Samuel Bayard (1675–1721), moved to Maryland and established a plantation known as Bohemia Manor in Cecil County, Maryland. It remained the seat of the family for several new generations of the Bayard family.[4]

Career[edit]

In 1755, John moved to Philadelphia and became a merchant. John entered the business world in the counting-room of a merchant, John Rhea. He began making his own investments in voyages, prospered, and became one of the leaders in the merchant community. When he joined his own firm, it was named Hedge & Bayard. In 1765 he signed the non-importation agreement in protest of the Stamp Act, even though it hurt his own business. By 1766, he had become one of the leaders of the Philadelphia Sons of Liberty.[4]

Revolutionary War[edit]

Bayard was elected to the convention of Pennsylvania in July 1774, and re-elected in 1775. This group was originally the revolutionary counter to the official assembly, but eventually replaced it as the legislature for the new government. When regiments were raised for the defense of Philadelphia in 1775, John became Colonel of the second regiment. In 1776, when the convention had become a constitutional assembly, he was named to the Committee of Safety. In March 1777, he became a member of the state's Board of War, and the Speaker of the Pennsylvania Assembly, and was re-elected in 1778.

In the meantime, Hedge & Bayard became one of the firms under contract with the Continental Congress to supply the Continental Army. John himself fitted out a ship sent out as a privateer. But, in the fall of 1777, the British occupied Philadelphia. Bayard moved his family to a farm at Plymouth, and took to the field with his regiment. They fought at the Battles of Brandywine, Germantown, and Princeton. John was cited by General Washington for his gallant leadership in the Battle of Princeton.

In 1781, Bayard became head of the Board of War, and as such joined the state's Executive Council. Under Pennsylvania's 1776 constitution this was a kind of combination of the roles of a governor's cabinet and the state Senate. Then in 1785 he was elected to the Congress of the Confederation, the successor of the Continental Congress. He served there in 1785 and 1786, attending their meetings in New York.

Later life[edit]

By 1788, Bayard had settled most of the debts he had run up during the war. He was forced to sell the estate in Maryland to another branch of the family, and closed down his Philadelphia business. He built a new home in New Brunswick, New Jersey and moved there looking to retire. But in 1790, he was elected mayor of New Brunswick. Then, for many of his remaining years he sat as the judge in the court of common pleas for Middlesex County. He died at home in New Brunswick, New Jersey on January 7, 1807 and is buried in the First Presbyterian Churchyard there.

Personal life[edit]

In 1759, he married Margaret Hodge (1740–1780), the daughter of Andrew Hodge (1711–1789), sister of Andrew Hodge and Hugh Hodge, and the aunt of Rev. Charles Hodge (1797–1878),[5] in Philadelphia.[6][7] Before her death in 1780, the couple had a large family, including:[2]

  • James Ashton Bayard (1760–1788), who graduated from Princeton in 1781, and who married to Eliza Rodgers, daughter of Dr. John Rodgers, a trustee of Princeton from 1765 to 1807.[5]
  • Andrew Bayard (1762–1833), who graduated from Princeton in 1779,[5] and who married a daughter of Col. Charles Pettit[2]
  • John Murray Bayard (1766–1823), who married Margaret Carrick[2]
  • Samuel Bayard (1766–1840), who graduated from Princeton in 1784,[5] and who married Martha Pintard, daughter of Lewis Pintard and Susan Stockton (sister of Richard Stockton)[2]
  • Jane Bayard (1772–1851), who married Andrew Kirkpatrick (1756–1831)
  • Nicholas Serl Bayard (1774–1821), who married Anna Livingston Bayard (d. 1802), the daughter of Nicholas Bayard (1736–1798) and Catherine Livingston (1743–1775), who was the daughter of Peter Van Brugh Livingston, in 1798. After her death in 1802, he married Esther McIntosh, the daughter of Gen. Lachlan McIntosh and Sarah Threadcraft.[2]
  • Margaret Bayard (1778–1844), who married Samuel Harrison Smith (1772–1845) in 1800[8]
  • Anna Bayard (1779–1869), who married Samuel Boyd.[2]

The household was expanded even further when John's twin brother, James Asheton Bayard I (1738–1770), who was married to his wife's sister, Ann Hodge, died in 1770. Two nephews and a niece were added: John H. Bayard (1762–1820), Jane Bayard (b. 1765), and James Asheton Bayard II (1767–1815), who graduated from Princeton in 1784.[5]

In 1781, shortly after the death of his first wife, John remarried to Mary (née Grant) Hodgson (d. 1785), a widow of John Hodgson of South Carolina.[3]

After Mary's death in 1785, he married for the third and final time to Johannah White (d. 1834), sister of General Anthony Walton White (1750–1803),[3] sister-in-law of William Paterson (1745–1806),[9] and granddaughter of Lewis Morris (1671–1746), the Chief Justice of New York from 1715 to 1733 and Governor of New Jersey from 1738 to 1746.[9][10] who survived him and died on June 26, 1834 in New Brunswick, New Jersey.[2] Neither of the later marriages had children who lived.[4]

Descendants[edit]

Main article: Bayard family

Through his eldest son, James Bayard, he was the grandfather of two, James Asheton Bayard and Anthony Walton Bayard (1737–1860).[2][11][12]

Through his second son, Andrew Bayard, he was the grandfather of six, Sarah Bayard, John Bayard (1795–1869) (a founder of the Philomathean Society at the University of Pennsylvania),[13] Elizabeth Bayard, Theodosia Bayard, James Bayard, and Charles Bayard.[2]

Through his third son, John Murray Bayard, he was the grandfather of Jane Bayard (who married A. H. Stevens).[2]

Through his fourth son, Samuel Bayard, he was the grandfather of seven, Rev. Dr. Lewis Pintard Bayard (1791–1840),[14] Susan Bayard, Maria Bayard, Samuel John Bayard (1801–1878) (who married Jane Ann Winder Dashiel, the parents of Gen. George Dashiell Bayard (1835–1862)), William Marsden Bayard (1803–1863), Juliet Elizabeth Bayard (1806–1865) (who married William Augustine Washington II (1804–1830), son of William A. Washington), and Caroline Smith Bayard (1814–1891) (who married Albert Baldwin Dod (1805–1845)).[2]

Through his fifth child, Jane Bayard Kirkpatrick, he was the grandfather of Mary Ann Kirkpatrick, John Bayard Kirkpatrick (1795–1864), George Littleton Kirkpatrick (1797–1859), Jane Eudora Kirkpatrick (who married Rev. Dr. Jonathan Cogswell in 1837, the parents of Jane Emily Searle Cogswell who married James Grant Wilson in 1869), Elizabeth Kirkpatrick, Sarah Kirkpatrick, and Charles Kirkpatrick.[2]

Through his sixth child, Nicholas Serl Bayard, he was the grandfather to Nicholas James Bayard (1799–1879) (who married Sarah Harris, Sarah Glen, and Eliza Hand née King (1808–1883)), Jane Bayard (who married Rev. James Leighton Wilson), and Margaret Esther Bayard (who married Rev. James Read Eckard, the parents of Leighton Wilson Eckard who married Bessie Schofield).[2]

Through his seventh child, Margaret Bayard Smith, he was the grandfather of Julia Smith , Susan Smith, John Bayard Harrison Smith, and Anne Smith.[2]

Through his eight and youngest child, Anna Bayard Boyd, he was the grandfather of Bayard Boyd (1815–1904) (who married Manette Lansing (1817–1904)), Elizabeth Boyd, Anna Boyd, and Isabella Boyd.[2]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "John Bubenheim Bayard (1738-1807), University of Pennsylvania University Archives". www.archives.upenn.edu. University of Pennsylvania University Archives and Records Center. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Bulloch, Joseph Gaston Baillie (1919). A History and Genealogy of the Families of Bayard, Houstoun of Georgia: And the Descent of the Bolton Family from Assheton, Byron and Hulton of Hulton Park, by Joseph Gaston Baillie Bulloch ... J. H. Dony, Printer. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c Bayard, Samuel John (1862). The Life of George Dashiell Bayard: Late Captain, U. S. A., and Brigadier-general of Volunteers, Killed in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Dec., 1862. Putnam. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "John Bubenheim Bayard". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Harrison, Richard A. (July 14, 2014). Princetonians, 1776-1783: A Biographical Dictionary. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9781400856534. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  6. ^ "Margaret Hodge, Mrs. John B. Bayard | Milwaukee Art Museum". collection.mam.org. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  7. ^ "Margaret Hodge, Mrs. John B. Bayard - Charles Willson Peale (American, 1741–1827) - Google Arts & Culture". Google Cultural Institute. Milwaukee Art Museum. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  8. ^ Smith, Margaret Bayard (1965). The First Forty Years of Washington Society. New York: Fredrick Ungar Publishing Co. 
  9. ^ a b Marcus, Maeva (1985). The Documentary History of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1789-1800. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231088695. Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  10. ^ Lefferts, Elizabeth Morris, comp., Descendants of Lewis Morris of Morrisania (New York: Tobias A. Wright, 1907)
  11. ^ Consolidated Index of the Reports of the Committees of the House of Representatives: From the 26th to the 40th Congress, Inclusive. 1869. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  12. ^ Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1845. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  13. ^ "John Bayard (1795-1869), University of Pennsylvania University Archives". www.archives.upenn.edu. University of Pennsylvania University Archives and Records Center. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  14. ^ "Lewis P. Bayard (Bayard, Lewis P. (Lewis Pintard), 1791-1840)". onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu. University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Abraham Schuyler
Mayor of New Brunswick, New Jersey
1794 – 1796
Succeeded by
Lewis Dunham
Preceded by
Joseph Reed
Member of the Supreme Executive Council
of Pennsylvania
for the County of Philadelphia

1781 &ndash 1782
Succeeded by
John Dickinson