New Brunswick, New Jersey
|New Brunswick, New Jersey|
|City of New Brunswick|
|Nickname(s): Hub City, The Healthcare City|
Location of New Brunswick in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of New Brunswick, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Established||December 30, 1730|
|Incorporated||September 1, 1784|
|Named for||Braunschweig, Germany or King George II of Great Britain|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)|
|• Body||City Council|
|• Mayor||James M. Cahill (D, term ends December 31, 2018)|
|• Administrator||Thomas A. Loughlin, III|
|• Clerk||Daniel A. Torrisi|
|• Total||5.789 sq mi (14.995 km2)|
|• Land||5.227 sq mi (13.539 km2)|
|• Water||0.562 sq mi (1.456 km2) 9.71%|
|Area rank||264th of 566 in state
14th of 25 in county
|Elevation||62 ft (19 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||57,035|
|• Rank||27th of 566 in state
5th of 25 in county
|• Density||10,556.4/sq mi (4,075.8/km2)|
|• Density rank||34th of 566 in state
2nd of 25 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||08901-08906, 08933, 08989|
|Area code(s)||732/848 and 908|
|GNIS feature ID||0885318|
|New Brunswick is the county seat for Middlesex County.|
New Brunswick, officially City of New Brunswick, is a city in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. It is the county seat of Middlesex County, and the home of Rutgers University. The city is located on the Northeast Corridor rail line, 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Manhattan, on the southern bank of the Raritan River. At the 2010 United States Census, the population of New Brunswick was 55,181, reflecting an increase of 6,608 (+13.6%) from the 48,573 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6,862 (+16.5%) from the 41,711 counted in the 1990 Census. Due to the concentration of medical facilities in the area, including Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital and Saint Peter's University Hospital, as well as Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey's Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick is known as "the Hub City". The corporate headquarters and production facilities of several global pharmaceutical companies are situated in the city, including Johnson & Johnson and Bristol-Myers Squibb.
New Brunswick is noted for its ethnic diversity. At one time, one quarter of the Hungarian population of New Jersey resided in the city and in the 1930s one out of three city residents were Hungarian. The Hungarian community continues to exist, alongside a growing Asian and Hispanic community that has developed around French Street near Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Arts and culture
- 6 Government
- 7 Education
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Popular culture
- 10 Points of interest
- 11 Places of worship
- 12 Notable people
- 13 Sister cities
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Origins of the name
Originally inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans, the first European settlement at the site of New Brunswick was made in 1681. The settlement here was first called Prigmore's Swamp (1681–1697), then known as Inian's Ferry (1691–1714). In 1714, the settlement was given the name New Brunswick, after the city of Braunschweig (called Brunswick in the Low German language), in state of Lower Saxony, in Germany. Braunschweig was an influential and powerful city in the Hanseatic League, later in the Holy Roman Empire, and was an administrative seat for the Duchy (and later Principality) of Hanover. Shortly after the first settlement of New Brunswick in colonial New Jersey, George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Elector of Hanover, of the House of Hanover (also known as the House of Brunswick), became King George I of Great Britain (1660–1727). Alternatively, the city gets its name from King George II of Great Britain, the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
During the Colonial and Early American periods
Centrally located between New York City and Philadelphia along an early thoroughfare known as the King's Highway and situated along the Raritan River, New Brunswick became an important hub for Colonial travelers and traders. New Brunswick was incorporated as a town in 1736 and chartered as a city in 1784. It was incorporated into a town in 1798 as part of the Township Act of 1798. It was occupied by the British in the winter of 1776–1777 during the Revolutionary War.
The Declaration of Independence received one of its first public readings, by Col. John Neilson, in New Brunswick on July 9, 1776, in the days following its promulgation by the Continental Congress.
The Trustees of Queen's College (now Rutgers University), founded in 1766, voted to locate the young college in New Brunswick, selecting the city over Hackensack, in Bergen County, New Jersey. Classes began in 1771 with one instructor, one sophomore, Matthew Leydt, and several freshmen at a tavern called "The Sign of the Red Lion" on the corner of Albany and Neilson Streets (now the grounds of the Johnson & Johnson corporate headquarters). Classes were held through the American Revolution in various taverns and boarding houses, and at a building known as College Hall on George Street, until Old Queens was erected in 1808. It remains the oldest building on the Rutgers University campus. The Queen's College Grammar School (now Rutgers Preparatory School) was established also in 1766, and shared facilities with the College until 1830, when it located in a building (now known as Alexander Johnston Hall) across College Avenue from Old Queens. After Rutgers University became the state university of New Jersey in 1945, the Trustees of Rutgers divested itself of the Rutgers Preparatory School, which relocated in 1957 to an estate purchased from the Colgate-Palmolive Company in Franklin Township in neighboring Somerset County.
The New Brunswick Theological Seminary, founded in 1784 in New York, moved to New Brunswick in 1810, sharing its quarters with the fledgling Queen's College (Queens would close from 1810 to 1825 due to financial problems, and reopen in 1825 under the name Rutgers College). The Seminary, due to overcrowding and differences over the mission of Rutgers College as a secular institution, moved to tract of land covering 7 acres (2.8 ha) located less than one-half mile (800 m) west, which it still occupies, although the land is now in the middle of Rutgers University's College Avenue campus.
New Brunswick was formed by Royal charter on December 30, 1730, within other townships in Middlesex County and Somerset County and was reformed by Royal charter with the same boundaries on February 12, 1763, at which time it was divided into north and south wards. New Brunswick was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on September 1, 1784.
African American community
The existence of an African American community dates back to the late 18th century, with the 1810 United States Census listing 53 free Blacks and 164 slaves. The city's Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church, located at 39 Morris Street, was originally established in 1825 at 25 Division Street, making it one of the oldest in New Jersey.
New Brunswick began attracting a Hungarian immigrant population around the turn of the 20th century. Hungarians were primarily attracted to the city by employment at Johnson & Johnson factories located in the city. Hungarians settled mainly in what today is the Fifth Ward.
The immigrant population grew until the end of the early century immigration boom. During the Cold War, the community was revitalized by the decision to house refugees from the failed 1956 Hungarian Revolution at Camp Kilmer, in nearby Edison. Even though the Hungarian population has been largely supplanted by newer immigrants, there continues to be a Hungarian Festival in the city held on Somerset Street on the first Saturday of June each year. Many Hungarian institutions set up by the community remain and active in the neighborhood, including: Magyar Reformed Church, Ascension Lutheran Church, St. Ladislaus Roman Catholic Church, St. Joseph Byzantine Catholic Church, Hungarian American Athletic Club, Aprokfalva Montessori Preschool, Széchenyi Hungarian Community School & Kindergarten, Teleki Pál Scout Home, Hungarian American Foundation, Vers Hangja, Hungarian Poetry Group, Bolyai Lecture Series on Arts and Sciences, Hungarian Alumni Association, Hungarian Radio Program, Hungarian Civic Association, Committee of Hungarian Churches and Organizations of New Brunswick, and Csűrdöngölő Folk Dance Ensemble.
Several landmarks in the city also testify to its Hungarian heritage. There is a street and a recreation park named after Lajos Kossuth, the famous leader of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. The corner of Somerset Street and Plum Street is named Mindszenty Square where the first ever statue of Cardinal Joseph Mindszenty was erected. A stone memorial to the victims of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution also stands nearby.
About 50% of New Brunswick's population is self-identified as Hispanic, the 14th highest percentage among municipalities in New Jersey. Since the 1960s, many of the new residents of New Brunswick have come from Latin America. Many citizens moved from Puerto Rico in the 1970s. In the 1980s, many immigrated from the Dominican Republic, and still later from Guatemala, Honduras, Ecuador and Mexico.
Demolition, revitalization and redevelopment
New Brunswick contains a number of examples of urban renewal in the United States. In the 1960s-1970s, the downtown area became blighted as middle class residents moved to newer suburbs surrounding the city, an example of the phenomenon known as "white flight." Beginning in 1975, Rutgers University, Johnson & Johnson and the local government collaborated through the New Jersey Economic Development Authority to form the New Brunswick Development Company (DevCo), with the goal of revitalizing the city center and redeveloping neighborhoods considered to be blighted and dangerous (via demolition of existing buildings and construction of new ones). Johnson & Johnson decided to remain in New Brunswick and built a new world headquarters building in the area between Albany Street, Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, Route 18, and George Street, requiring many old buildings and historic roads to be removed. The Hiram Market area, a historic district that by the 1970s had become a mostly Puerto Rican and Dominican-American neighborhood, was demolished to build a Hyatt hotel and conference center, and upscale housing. Johnson & Johnson guaranteed Hyatt Hotels' investment as they were wary of building an upscale hotel in a run-down area.
The redevelopment process has been controversial. Devco, the hospitals, and the city government continue to draw ire from both historic preservationists, those opposing gentrification and those concerned with eminent domain abuses and tax abatements for developers.
New Brunswick is one of nine cities in New Jersey designated as eligible for Urban Transit Hub Tax Credits by the state's Economic Development Authority. Developers who invest a minimum of $50 million within a half-mile of a train station are eligible for pro-rated tax credit.
The Gateway tower, a 22-story redevelopment project next to the train station, was completed in 2012. The structure consists of apartments and condominiums (named "The Vue") built above a multi-story parking structure with a bridge connecting it to the station. Boraie Development, a real estate development firm based in New Brunswick, has developed projects using the incentive.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 5.789 square miles (14.995 km2), including 5.227 square miles (13.539 km2) of land and 0.562 square miles (1.456 km2) of water (9.71%). New Brunswick is in Raritan Valley (a line of cities in central New Jersey). New Brunswick is on the south side of Raritan Valley along with Piscataway, Highland Park, Edison and Franklin Township (Somerset County). New Brunswick lies southwest of Newark and New York City and northeast of Trenton and Philadelphia.
New Brunswick is bordered by Piscataway Township, Highland Park, and Edison Township across the Raritan River to the north by way of the Donald and Morris Goodkind Bridges, and also by North Brunswick Township to the southwest, East Brunswick Township to the southeast, and Franklin Township in Somerset County.
While the city does not hold elections based on a ward system it has been so divided. There are several neighborhoods in the city, which include the Fifth Ward, Feaster Park, Lincoln Park, Raritan Gardens and Edgebrook-Westons Mills.
New Brunswick has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) typical to New Jersey, characterized by humid, hot summers and mild winters with moderate to considerable rainfall throughout the year. There is no marked wet or dry season.
|Climate data for New Brunswick, New Jersey|
|Average high °F (°C)||39.2
|Average low °F (°C)||21.7
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.62
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||8.8
|Average precipitation days||10.7||9.2||10.5||11.8||12.2||11.2||10.4||9.3||8.7||8.9||9.5||9.8||122.2|
|Average snowy days||4.8||3.8||2.3||.4||0||0||0||0||0||0||.3||2.2||13.8|
|Source: NOAA |
1930–1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 55,181 people, 14,119 households, and 7,751 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,556.4 per square mile (4,075.8/km2). There were 15,053 housing units at an average density of 2,879.7 per square mile (1,111.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 45.43% (25,071) White, 16.04% (8,852) Black or African American, 0.90% (498) Native American, 7.60% (4,195) Asian, 0.03% (19) Pacific Islander, 25.59% (14,122) from other races, and 4.39% (2,424) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 49.93% (27,553) of the population.
There were 14,119 households, of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.2% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.1% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.36 and the average family size was 3.91.
In the city, 21.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 33.2% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 12.2% from 45 to 64, and 5.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.3 years. For every 100 females there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $44,543 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,356) and the median family income was $44,455 (+/- $3,526). Males had a median income of $31,313 (+/- $1,265) versus $28,858 (+/- $1,771) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,395 (+/- $979). About 15.5% of families and 25.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 48,573 people, 13,057 households, and 7,207 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,293.5 per square mile (3,585.9/km2). There were 13,893 housing units at an average density of 2,658.1 per square mile (1,025.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.79% White, 23.03% African American, 0.46% Native American, 5.32% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 18.08% from other races, and 4.24% from two or more races. 39.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 13,057 households of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.6% were married couples living together, 18.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.23 and the average family size was 3.69.
20.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 34.0% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 11.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.
The median household income in the city was $36,080, and the median income for a family was $38,222. Males had a median income of $25,657 versus $23,604 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,308. 27.0% of the population and 16.9% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 25.9% were under the age of 18 and 13.8% were 65 or older.
City Hall has promoted the nickname "The Health Care City" to reflect the importance of the healthcare industry to its economy. The city is home to the world headquarters of Johnson & Johnson, along with several medical teaching and research institutions including Saint Peter's University Hospital, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital and the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, the Cancer Institute of New Jersey, and The Bristol-Myers Squibb Children's Hospital.
Urban Enterprise Zone
Most of New Brunswick's retail businesses are within a designated Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.
Arts and culture
Three neighboring professional venues, Crossroads Theatre designed by Parsons+Fernandez-Casteleiro Architects from New York. In 1999, the Crossroads Theatre won the prestigious Tony Award for Outstanding Regional Theatre. Crossroads is the first African American theater to receive this honor in the 33-year history of this special award category. There is also George Street Playhouse, and the State Theatre, comprise the heart of the local theatre scene. Crossroad Theatre houses American Repertory Ballet and the Princeton Ballet School. Rutgers University has a number of student companies that perform everything from cabaret acts to Shakespeare and musical productions.
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New Brunswick was an important centre for avant-garde art in the 1950s-70s with several artists such as Allan Kaprow, George Segal, George Brecht, Robert Whitman, Robert Watts, Lucas Samaras, Geoffrey Hendricks, Wolf Vostell and Roy Lichtenstein; some of whom had taught at Rutgers University. This group of artists was sometimes referred to as the 'New Jersey School' or the 'New Brunswick School of Painting'. The YAM Festival was venue on 19 May 1963 to actions and Happenings. For more information, see Fluxus at Rutgers University.
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New Brunswick has a diverse restaurant market including Nouvelle American, Italian, Middle Eastern, Mexican, Peruvian, Indian, Ethiopian, Thai, Taiwanese and Chinese cuisine. Restaurants such as The Harvest Moon, Steakhouse 85, Frog and the Peach, Delta's, Panico's, The Old Bay, Clydz, Tumulty's Pub, Old Man Rafferty's, Brother Jimmy's BBQ, Burger Fi, Destination Dogs, and Chipotle serve the area.
The "Grease Trucks" are a group of truck-based food vendors located on the College Avenue campus of Rutgers University. They are known for serving "Fat Sandwiches," a sub roll containing several ingredients such as steak, chicken fingers, French fries, falafel, cheeseburgers, mozzarella sticks, gyro meat, bacon, eggs and / or marinara sauce. In 2013 the grease trucks were removed for the construction of a new Rutgers building and were forced to move into various other areas of the Rutgers- New Brunswick Campus.
New Brunswick's bar scene has been the home to many original rock bands, including some which went on to national prominence such as The Smithereens and Bon Jovi, as well as a center for local punk rock and underground music. Many alternative rock bands got radio airplay thanks to Matt Pinfield who was part of the New Brunswick music scene for over 20 years at Rutgers University radio station WRSU. Local pubs and clubs hosted many local bands, including the Court Tavern until 2012 (scheduled to reopen), and the Melody Bar during the 1980s and 1990s. As the New Brunswick basement scene grows in popularity, it was ranked the number 4 spot to see Indie bands in New Jersey.
New Brunswick City Hall, the New Brunswick Free Public Library, and the New Brunswick Main Post Office are located in the city's Civic Square government district, as are numerous other city, county, state, and federal offices.
The City of New Brunswick is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government. The governing body consists of a mayor and a five-member City Council, all elected at-large in partisan elections to four-year terms of office in even years as part of the November general election. The City Council's five members are elected on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election every other year. As the legislative body of New Brunswick's municipal government, the City Council is responsible for approving the annual budget, ordinances and resolutions, contracts, and appointments to boards and commissions. The Council President, elected to a two-year term by the members of the Council, presides over all meetings.
As of 2016[update], Democrat James Cahill is the 62nd Mayor of New Brunswick; he was sworn in as Mayor on January 1, 1991 and is serving a term that expires on December 31, 2018. Members of the City Council are Council President Kevin P. Egan (D, 2018), Council Vice President Glenn J. Fleming Sr. (D, 2016), John A. Andersen (D, 2016), Rebecca H. Escobar (D, 2018) and Elizabeth Sheehan Garlatti (D, 2016).
The New Brunswick police department has received attention for various incidents over the years. In 1991, the fatal shooting of Shaun Potts, an unarmed black resident, by Sergeant Zane Grey led to multiple local protests. In 1996, Officer James Consalvo fatally shot Carolyn "Sissy" Adams, an unarmed prostitute who had bit him. The Adams case sparked calls for reform in the New Brunswick police department, and ultimately was settled with the family. Two officers, Sgt. Marco Chinchilla and Det. James Marshall, were convicted of running a bordello in 2001. Chinchilla was sentenced to three years and Marshall was sentenced to four. In 2011, Officer Brad Berdel fatally shot Barry Deloatch, a black man who had run from police (although police claim he struck officers with a stick); this sparked daily protests from residents.
Following the Deloatch shooting, sergeant Richard Rowe was formally charged with mishandling 81 Internal Affairs investigations; Mayor Cahill explained that this would help "rebuild the public's trust and confidence in local law enforcement."
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 17th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Bob Smith (D, Piscataway) and in the General Assembly by Joseph Danielsen (D, Franklin Township) and Joseph V. Egan (D, New Brunswick) The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large on a partisan basis to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2015[update], Middlesex County's Freeholders (with party affiliation, term-end year, residence and committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Ronald G. Rios (D, term ends December 31, 2015, Carteret; Ex-officio on all committees), Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (D, 2017; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township; County Administration), Kenneth Armwood (D, 2016, Piscataway; Business Development and Education), Charles Kenny ( D, 2016, Woodbridge Township; Finance), H. James Polos (D, 2015, Highland Park; Public Safety and Health), Charles E. Tomaro (D, 2017, Edison; Infrastructure Management) and Blanquita B. Valenti (D, 2016, New Brunswick; Community Services). Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D, Old Bridge Township), Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016, Piscataway) and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 22,742 registered voters in New Brunswick, of which 8,732 (38.4%) were registered as Democrats, 882 (3.9%) were registered as Republicans and 13,103 (57.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 25 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 83.4% of the vote (9,176 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 14.3% (1,576 votes), and other candidates with 2.2% (247 votes), among the 11,106 ballots cast by the township's 23,536 registered voters (107 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 47.2%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 83.3% of the vote (10,717 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 14.8% (1,899 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (140 votes), among the 12,873 ballots cast by the township's 23,533 registered voters, for a turnout of 54.7%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 78.2% of the vote (8,023 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 19.7% (2,018 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (143 votes), among the 10,263 ballots cast by the township's 20,734 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 49.5.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 66.5% of the vote (2,604 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 31.2% (1,220 votes), and other candidates with 2.3% (92 votes), among the 3,991 ballots cast by the township's 23,780 registered voters (75 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 16.8%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 68.2% of the vote (4,281 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 20.9% (1,314 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.2% (387 votes) and other candidates with 2.0% (128 votes), among the 6,273 ballots cast by the township's 22,534 registered voters, yielding a 27.8% turnout.
The New Brunswick Public Schools serve students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority. New Brunswick's Board of Education members are appointed by the city's mayor.
As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 10 schools had an enrollment of 7,657 students and 630.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.14:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Lincoln Elementary School (grades PreK-8; 578 students), Livingston Elementary School (K-8; 538), McKinley Community Elementary School (PreK-5; 734), A. Chester Redshaw Elementary School (PreK-8; 719), Paul Robeson Community Elementary School (PreK-5; 500), Roosevelt Elementary School (PreK-5; 600), Lord Stirling Elementary School (PreK-5; 813), Woodrow Wilson Elementary School (PreK-8; 437), New Brunswick Middle School (6-8; 1,183), New Brunswick High School (9-12; 1,555) and Health Sciences Technology High School (9-12).
The community is also served by the Greater Brunswick Charter School, a K-8 charter school with an enrollment of about 250 children from New Brunswick, Highland Park, Edison and other area communities.
- Rutgers University has three campuses in the city: College Avenue Campus (seat of the University), Douglass Campus, and Cook Campus, which extend into surrounding townships. Rutgers has also added several buildings downtown in the last two decades, both academic and residential.
- New Brunswick is the site to the New Brunswick Theological Seminary, a seminary of the Reformed Church in America, that was originally founded in New York in 1784, before moving to New Brunswick in 1810.
- Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, part of Rutgers University, is located in New Brunswick and Piscataway.
- Middlesex County College has some facilities downtown, though its main campus is in Edison.
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 73.24 miles (117.87 km) of roadways, of which 56.13 miles (90.33 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.57 miles (13.79 km) by Middlesex County, 7.85 miles (12.63 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.69 miles (1.11 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
The city encompasses the intersection of U.S. Route 1 and Route 18, and is bisected by Route 27. New Brunswick hosts less than a mile of the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95). A few turnpike ramps are in the city that lead to Exit 9 which is just outside the city limits in East Brunswick Township.
New Brunswick is served by New Jersey Transit and Amtrak trains on the Northeast Corridor Line. New Jersey Transit provides frequent service north to Pennsylvania Station, in Midtown Manhattan, and south to Trenton, while Amtrak's Keystone Service and Northeast Regional trains service the New Brunswick Train Station. The Jersey Avenue station is also served by Northeast Corridor trains. For other Amtrak connections, riders can take New Jersey Transit to Penn Station (New York or Newark), Trenton, or Metropark.
Local bus service is provided by NJ Transit's 810, 811, 814, 815, 818 routes and 980 route, the extensive Rutgers Campus bus network, the MCAT/BrunsQuick shuttle system, DASH buses, and NYC bound Suburban Trails buses. Studies are being conducted to create the New Brunswick Bus Rapid Transit system.
New Brunswick was at the eastern terminus of the Delaware and Raritan Canal, of which there are remnants surviving or rebuilt along the river. Until 1936, the city was served by the interurban Newark–Trenton Fast Line.
- On April 18, 1872, at New Brunswick, William Cameron Coup developed the system of loading circus equipment and animals on railroad cars from one end and through the train, rather than from the sides. This system would be adopted by other railroad circuses and used through the golden age of railroad circuses and even by the Ringling shows today.
- The 1980s sitcom, Charles in Charge, was set in New Brunswick.
- The 2004 movie Harold and Kumar Go To White Castle revolves around Harold and Kumar's attempt to get to a White Castle restaurant and includes a stop in a fictionalized New Brunswick.
- A segment of an episode of Rescue 911 featured a young boy from New Brunswick who called 911 when he realized his mother had a brain hemorrhage.
Points of interest
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- Albany Street Bridge across the Raritan River to Highland Park
- Bishop House, 115 College Avenue, a mansion of the Italianate style of architecture, was built for James Bishop. Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976.
- Old Queens, built in 1809, is the oldest building at Rutgers University.
- Buccleuch Mansion in Buccleuch Park
- Historic Christ Church Episcopal Churchyard, New Brunswick
- The Henry Guest House
- William H. Johnson House c. 1870
- St. Peter The Apostle Church, built in 1856 and located at 94 Somerset Street.
- Delaware and Raritan Canal
- The historic Old Queens Campus and Voorhees Mall at Rutgers University
- Birthplace of poet Joyce Kilmer
- Kilmer Square, a retail/commercial complex on Albany Street
- Site of Johnson & Johnson world headquarters
- Rutgers Gardens (in nearby North Brunswick)
- The Willow Grove Cemetery near downtown
- Grave of Mary Ellis (1750–1828). This grave stands out due to its location in the AMC Theatres parking lot on U.S. Route 1 downriver from downtown New Brunswick.
- Lawrence Brook, a tributary of the Raritan River.
- Elmer B. Boyd Park, a park running along the Raritan River, adjacent to Route 18.
Places of worship
- Abundant Life Family Worship Church - founded in 1991.
- Anshe Emeth Memorial Temple (Reform Judaism) - established in 1859.
- Ascension Lutheran Church - founded in 1908 as The New Brunswick First Magyar Augsburg Evangelical Church.
- Christ Church, Episcopal - granted a royal charter in 1761.
- Ebenezer Baptist Church
- First Baptist Church of New Brunswick, American Baptist
- First Presbyterian, Presbyterian (PCUSA)
- First Reformed Reformed (RCA)
- Kirkpatrick Chapel at Rutgers University (nondenominational)
- Magyar Reformed, Calvinist
- Mount Zion AME (African Methodist Episcopal)
- Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Ukrainian Catholic Church
- Point Community Church
- Saint Joseph, Byzantine Catholic
- Saint Ladislaus, Roman Catholic
- Saint Mary of Mount Virgin Church, Remsen Avenue and Sandford Street, Roman Catholic
- Sacred Heart Church, Throop Avenue, Roman Catholic
- Saint Peter the Apostle Church, Somerset Street, Roman Catholic
- Second Reformed Church, Reformed (RCA)
- Sharon Baptist Church
- United Methodist Church at New Brunswick
- Voorhees Chapel at Rutgers University (nondenominational)
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with the City of New Brunswick include:
- David Abeel (1804-1846), Dutch Reformed Church missionary.
- Garnett Adrain (1815-1878), member of the United States House of Representatives.
- Charlie Atherton (1874-1934), major league baseball player.
- Jim Axelrod, national correspondent for CBS News, and reports for the CBS Evening News.
- Catherine Hayes Bailey (1921-2014), plant geneticist who specialized in fruit breeding.
- Joe Barzda (1915-1993), race car driver.
- John Bayard (1738-1807), merchant, soldier and statesman who was a delegate for Pennsylvania to the Continental Congress in 1785 and 1786, and later mayor of New Brunswick.
- James Berardinelli (born 1967), film critic.
- Bisheaba (born 1979), make-up artist.
- James Bishop (1816-1895), represented New Jersey's 3rd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1855 to 1857.
- Charles S. Boggs (1811-1877), Rear Admiral who served in the United States Navy during the Mexican-American War and the American Civil War.
- PJ Bond, singer-songwriter.
- Jake Bornheimer (1927-1986), professional basketball player for the Philadelphia Warriors.
- Brett Brackett (born 1987), football tight end.
- Derrick Drop Braxton (born 1981), record producer and composer.
- Sherry Britton (1918-2008), burlesque performer and actress.
- Gary Brokaw (born 1954), former NBA basketball player.
- Jalen Brunson (born 1996), basketball player.
- William Burdett-Coutts (1851-1921), British Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1921.
- Jonathan Casillas (born 1987), linebacker for the NFL's New Orleans Saints and University of Wisconsin.
- Joseph Compton Castner (1869-1946), Army general
- Wheeler Winston Dixon (born 1950), filmmaker, critic, and author.
- Eshaya Draper (born 1998) actor.
- Michael Douglas (born 1944), actor.
- Anthony Walton White Evans (1817-1886), engineer.
- Louis Michael Figueroa (born 1966), arguably the most prolific transcontinental journeyman.
- All involved in the Hall-Mills Murder case of the 1920s.
- Augustus A. Hardenbergh (1830-1889), represented New Jersey's 7th congressional district from 1875 to 1879, and again from 1881 to 1883.
- Mel Harris, (born 1956), actress.
- Mark Helias (born 1950), jazz bassist/composer.
- Laurie Hernandez (born 2000), artistic gymnast representing Team USA at the 2016 Summer Olympics.
- Adam Hyler (1735-1782), privateer during the American Revolutionary War.
- Jaheim (born 1978, full name Jaheim Hoagland), R&B singer.
- Dwayne Jarrett (born 1986), wide receiver for the University of Southern California football team 2004 to 2006, current WR drafted by the Carolina Panthers.
- James P. Johnson (1891-1955), pianist, composer. One of the original stride piano masters.
- Robert Wood Johnson I (1845-1910), businessman who was one of the founders of Johnson & Johnson.
- Robert Wood Johnson II (1893-1968), businessman who led Johnson & Johnson and served as mayor of Highland Park, New Jersey.
- William H. Johnson (1829-1904), painter and wallpaper hanger, businessman and local crafts person, whose home (c. 1870) was placed on the State of New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places in 2006.
- Joyce Kilmer (1886-1918), poet.
- Littleton Kirkpatrick (1797-1859), represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1853 to 1855, and was mayor of New Brunswick in 1841 and 1842.
- Ted Kubiak (born 1942), MLB player for the Kansas City/Oakland Athletics, Milwaukee Brewers, St. Louis Cardinals, Texas Rangers, and the San Diego Padres.
- Jim Norton (born 1968), comedian.
- Robert Pastorelli (1954-2004), actor known primarily for playing the role of the house painter on Murphy Brown.
- Stephen Porges (born 1945), Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- Franke Previte, composer.
- Phil Radford (born 1976), Greenpeace Executive Director.
- Miles Ross (1827-1903), Mayor of New Brunswick, U.S. Representative and businessman.
- Gabe Saporta (born 1979), musician and frontman of bands Midtown and Cobra Starship.
- Jeff Shaara (born 1952), historical novelist.
- George Sebastian Silzer (1870-1940) served as the 38th Governor of New Jersey. Served on the New Brunswick board of aldermen from 1892 to 1896.
- James H. Simpson (1813-1883), U.S. Army surveyor of western frontier areas.
- Arthur Space (1908-1983), actor of theatre, film, and television.
- Larry Stark (born 1932), theater reviewer and creator of Theater Mirror.
- Ron "Bumblefoot" Thal (born 1969), guitarist, musician, composer.
- Joe Theismann (born 1949), former NFL quarterback and former commentator on ESPN's Monday Night Football.
- William Henry Vanderbilt (1821-1885), businessman.
- John Van Dyke (1807-1878), represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1847 to 1851, and served as Mayor of New Brunswick from 1846 to 1847.
- Paul Wesley (born 1982), actor, known for his role as "Stefan Salvatore" on The CW show The Vampire Diaries.
- Rev. Samuel Merrill Woodbridge (1819–1905), minister, author, professor at Rutgers College and New Brunswick Theological Seminary.
- Eric Young (born 1967), former Major League Baseball player.
- All members of The Gaslight Anthem
- All members of Streetlight Manifesto
- Debrecen, Hajdú-Bihar, Hungary
- Fukui City, Fukui, Japan
- Limerick, County Limerick, Munster, Ireland
- Tsuruoka, Yamagata, Japan
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Mayor's Bio, City of New Brunswick. Accessed July 13, 2016.
- 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Department of Administration, City of New Brunswick. Accessed July 13, 2016.
- City Clerk, City of New Brunswick. Accessed July 13, 2016.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 81.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of New Brunswick, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for New Brunswick city, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 18, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011–2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 8. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for New Brunswick city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed April 18, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 23, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for New Brunswick, NJ, United States Postal Service,. Accessed April 18, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for New Brunswick, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 6, 2014.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed May 19, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Staff. "Lew Dockstader, Minstrel, Is Dead. Famous Comedian Succumbs to a Bone Tumor at His Daughter's Home at 68", The New York Times, October 27, 1924. Accessed May 18, 2015.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Middlesex County, NJ, National Association of Counties. Accessed January 21, 2013.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 23, 2012.
- "7:30 a.m. -- Filling cracks in the health care city", Home News Tribune, September 23, 1999. "With two major hospitals and a medical school, New Brunswick proclaims itself The Healthcare City."
- "A wet day in the Hub City", Home News Tribune, September 23, 1999. "A few days short of 60 years, on Wednesday, Sept. 16, a dreary, drizzly day just ahead of the deluge of Hurricane Floyd, the Home News Tribune sent 24 reporters, 9 photographers and one artist into the Hub City, as it is known, to take a peek into life in New Brunswick as it is in 1999."
- Weiss, Jennifer. "REDEVELOPMENT; As New Brunswick Grows, City's Hungarians Adapt", The New York Times, July 16, 2006. Accessed April 18, 2012. "While the Hungarian community has diminished over the years -- in the 1930s it made up a third of New Brunswick's population -- much of what it built remains."
- Staff. "NEW-JERSEY.; Miscellaneous Notes about New-Brunswick.", The New York Times, July 27, 1854. Accessed April 18, 2012. "If the 'desperately hot' weather permit, I purpose to give you a few items of general interest respecting this ancient Dutch settlement. However, with the mercury ranging from 78° to 98° in the shade, during the sixteen hours of sunshine, you will not expect much exertion on my part. DANIEL COOPER (says GORDON,) was the first recorded inhabitant of 'Prigmore's Swamp.'"
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 9, 2015.
- Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 223. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 9, 2015.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 171. Accessed March 26, 2012.
- Revolutionary War Sites in New Brunswick, Revolutionary War New Jersey. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Declaration of Independence: First Public Readings
- Harper's New Monthly Magazine, July 1892, 251
- Lee, Eunice. "Statue of New Brunswick Revolutionary War figure planned", The Star-Ledger, July 31, 2011. Accessed August 18, 2013. "New Brunswick Public Sculpture, a nonprofit, is commissioning a life-size bronze statue of Col. John Neilson, a New Jersey native who gave one of the earliest readings of the Declaration of Independence on July 9, 1776, while standing before a crowd in New Brunswick."
- "Historic places", Rutgers Focus, December 7, 2001. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Alexander Johnston Hall, Rutgers University. Accessed August 18, 2013. "Alexander Johnston Hall was built by Nicholas Wyckoff in 1830 to provide a home for the Rutgers Preparatory School, which had shared space in Old Queens with the College and New Brunswick Theological Seminary since 1811."
- History, Rutgers University. Accessed July 13, 2016. "In 1945 and 1956, state legislative acts designated Rutgers as The State University of New Jersey, a public institution."
- Rutgers College Grammar School, Rutgers University Common Repository. Accessed August 18, 2013. "The Rutgers Preparatory School remained in New Brunswick until 1957, when it moved to its current location in Somerset, N.J."
- Who We Are, New Brunswick Theological Seminary. Accessed August 18, 2013. "In 1796, the school moved to Brooklyn and in 1810 to New Brunswick, to serve better the church and its candidates for ministry. Since 1856, New Brunswick Seminary has carried on its life and work on its present New Brunswick campus."
- New Jersey's African American Tour Guide, New Jersey Commerce and Economic Growth Commission. Accessed December 17, 2014. "At the southern edge of the Gateway Region is New Brunswick, a town with much culture to offer and African American history to explore. African Americans were living here as far back as 1790, and by 1810, the Census listed 53 free Blacks—and 164 slaves—out of the 469 families then living in town. One of the state's oldest Black churches, Mt. Zion A.M.E., at 25 Division Street, was founded in 1825."
- Mascarenhas, Rohan. "Census data shows Hispanics as the largest minority in N.J.", The Star-Ledger, February 3, 2011. Accessed June 24, 2013.
- Devco spends $1.6 billion since 1970s, The Daily Targum, January 25, 2006.
- Raids by Housing Inspectors Anger Jersey Neighborhood, The New York Times, March 12, 1988.
- "Students protest DevCo redevelopment", The Daily Targum, September 15, 1999.
- Tenants' place is uncertain, The Daily Targum, November 9, 1999.
- Urban Transit Hub Tax Credit Program Approved Projects, New Jersey Economic Development Authority. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Middlesex County: New Brunswick - Urban Transit Hub Tax Credits, New Jersey Economic Development Authority. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Martin, Antoinette. "In New Brunswick, a Mixed-Use Project Is Bustling", The New York Times, February 11, 2011. Accessed August 18, 2013. "The 624,000-square-foot building will have a public parking structure at the core of its first 10 stories; that core is to be wrapped in commercial and office space. A glass residential tower 14 stories tall will sit atop the parking structure ... As for the residences — 10 floors of rentals and 4 levels of penthouse condos — they are scheduled to be complete by April 2012."
- Areas touching New Brunswick, MapIt. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Kratovil, Charlie. "New Brunswick 101: Your Source For Facts About The Hub City; A Comprehensive List of Every Neighborhood, Apartment Building, or Other Development in Hub City", New Brunswick Today, June 15, 2015. Accessed July 13, 2016. "Though New Brunswick does not use a system of neighbhorhood-based elections (and whether or not it should has been a contentious issue for more than a century), the city is still divided into five political subdivisions known as wards. There is no Third Ward, as most of that area was destroyed and redeveloped into a hotel and corporate headquarters in the 1980's."
- Braunstein, Amy. "A Battle for Wards in New Jersey's Hub City", Shelterforce, October 17, 2010. Accessed July 13, 2016.
- Keller, Karen. "New Brunswick vote to divide city into wards failed by narrow margin", The Star-Ledger, November 7, 2009. Accessed July 13, 2016. "A ballot initiative to divide New Brunswick into wards for city council elections has failed by a narrow margin, unofficial results show, with 50.8% voters against and 49.2% in favor."
- "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-08-29.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
- Compendium of censuses 1726–1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Lundy, F. L., et al. Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, Volume 116, p. 417. J.A. Fitzgerald, 1892. Accessed November 25, 2012.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 246, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed August 18, 2013. "New Brunswick is divided into six wards. Its population in 1850 was 10,008; in 1860, 11,156; and in 1870, 15,058. It was incorporated as a city in 1784. Rutgers College built of a dark red freestone and finished in 1811 is located here." Census 1850 lists total population of 10,019.
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 137. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed November 25, 2012.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed November 25, 2012.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed May 19, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 711. Accessed May 19, 2012.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 9, 2016.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for New Brunswick city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 23, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for New Brunswick city, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 23, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for New Brunswick city, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 19, 2012.
- Dore Carroll, "New Brunswick: Medical field at hub of this transformation", The Star-Ledger, August 29, 2004.
- Health Care, City of New Brunswick website.
- Geographic & Urban Redevelopment Tax Credit Programs: Urban Enterprise Zone Employee Tax Credit at the Wayback Machine (archived January 3, 2010), State of New Jersey. Accessed October 26, 2010.
- History, Crossroads Theatre Company. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Rutgers University Geological Sciences, Rutgers University.
- Vostell – I disastri della pace/The Disasters of Peace. Varlerio Dehò, Edizioni Charta, Milano 1999, ISBN 88-8158-253-8.
- YAM Festival, 1963
- Shabe, John. "Who needs Internet pizza when Rutgers has The Grease Trucks?", The Star-Ledger, December 29, 2008. Accessed October 26, 2011.
- Jovanovic, Rob (2004). Perfect Sound Forever: The Story of Pavement. Justin, Charles & Co. ISBN 1-932112-07-3.
- Jordan, Chris. "Court Tavern closing marks end of era in New Brunswick", Courier News, February 6, 2012. Accessed March 10, 2013.
- Chaux, Giancarlo. "New Brunswick business owner plans to reopen the court tavern", The Daily Targum, April 17, 2012. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Kalet, Hank. "The List: 10 Best Places to See Indie Bands in the Garden State", NJ Spotlight, July 21, 2014. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- City Council, City of New Brunswick. Accessed July 13, 2016.
- 2016 Municipal Data Sheet, City of New Brunswick. Accessed July 13, 2016.
- City of New Brunswick, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 12, 2016.
- November 4, 2014 General Election Results, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 12, 2016.
- November 6, 2012 General Election Results, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 12, 2016.
- via Associated press. "Police Slaying of a Black Man Brings Protest", The New York Times, July 2, 1991. Accessed May 19, 2012.
- Lawyers See 'Pattern' of Police Brutality and Legal Abuse in New Brunswick, Empower Our Neighborhoods
- New Brunswick man charged in 20-year-old murder case, NJ.com
- "Two New Jersey officerssentenced for operating a brothel", PoliceOne.com, January 3, 2001. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Haydon, Tom. "In uproar over alleged police brutality, New Brunswick residents call for mayor's resignation", The Star-Ledger, October 27, 2011. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Staff. "Friends, relatives of slain New Brunswick man protest, claiming wrongful death", The Star-Ledger, September 23, 2011. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Bradshaw, Jennifer. "Former New Brunswick Police Sergeant Accused of Mishandling 81 Internal Affairs Investigations; Sgt. Richard Rowe faces a maximum of six and a half years in prison if found guilty.", New Brunswick Patch, October 13, 2011. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2016 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 61, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed July 20, 2016.
- Districts by Number for 2011–2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
- "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- Ronald G. Rios, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Carol Barrett Bellante, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Kenneth Armwood, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Charles Kenny, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- H. James Polos, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Charles E. Tomaro, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Blanquita B. Valenti, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Elected County Officials, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- County Clerk Elaine Flynn, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Sheriff Mildred S. Scott, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Voter Registration Summary - Middlesex, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 24, 2012.
- "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Middlesex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
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- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 24, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 24, 2012.
- "Governor - Middlesex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Middlesex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 24, 2012.
- Abbott School Districts, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 1, 2016. Accessed August 15, 2012.
- What are SDA Districts?, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 15, 2012. "SDA Districts are 31 special-needs school districts throughout New Jersey. They were formerly known as Abbott Districts, based on the Abbott v. Burke case in which the New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that the State must provide 100 percent funding for all school renovation and construction projects in special-needs school districts ... The districts were renamed after the elimination of the Abbott designation through passage of the state's new School Funding Formula in January 2008."
- SDA Districts, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 15, 2012.
- District information for New Brunswick School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- School Data for the New Brunswick Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Lincoln Elementary School, New Brunswick Public Schools. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Livingston Elementary School, New Brunswick Public Schools. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- McKinley Community Elementary School, New Brunswick Public Schools. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- A. Chester Redshaw Elementary School, New Brunswick Public Schools. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Paul Robeson Community Elementary School, New Brunswick Public Schools. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Roosevelt Elementary School, New Brunswick Public Schools. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Lord Stirling Elementary School, New Brunswick Public Schools. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Woodrow Wilson Elementary School, New Brunswick Public Schools. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- New Brunswick Middle School, New Brunswick Public Schools. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- New Brunswick High School, New Brunswick Public Schools. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Health Sciences technology High School, New Brunswick Public Schools. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Schools Listing, New Brunswick Public Schools. Accessed August 18, 2013.
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- Greater Brunswick Charter School, Greater Brunswick Charter School. Accessed June 25, 2008.
- New Brunswick Campus Map, Rutgers University. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- History, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- New Brunswick Center, Middlesex County College. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Middlesex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- About Us, New Brunswick Parking Authority. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Parking Locator, New Brunswick Parking Authority. Accessed August 18, 2013.
- Home Page, CitiPark. Accessed July 13, 2016.
- Parking, Hyatt Regency New Brunswick. Accessed July 2, 2016. "Hyatt Regency New Brunswick offers a 450 space garage managed and operated by CitiPark."
- Northeast Corridor Line, New Jersey Transit. Accessed December 17, 2014.
- New Brunswick station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed December 17, 2014.
- Jersey Avenue station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed December 17, 2014.
- Middlesex County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archiveas of August 31, 2009. Accessed December 17, 2014.
- Campus Buses/Shuttle Service, Rutgers University. Accessed December 17, 2014.
- Middlesex County Area Transit (MCAT) Shuttle Routes, Middlesex County. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- DASH Bus Routes, Ridewise. Accessed December 17, 2014.
- General Information, Delaware and Raritan Canal State Park. Accessed December 17, 2014. "The main canal passes the Port Mercer bridge tender's house, through the charming villages of Kingston and Griggstown to Blackwells Mills, ending up in New Brunswick"
- Charles Be DeMille, Charles in Charge, Season 5, Prod. Michael Jacobs, Dir. Scott Baio, Writers, Jennifer Burton, David Lang, Perf. Scott Baio, Syndication, December 22, 1990. At about 7'35" into the episode, Charles says in a telephone conversation that someone will come "here to New Brunswick" to visit him.
- Morris, Wesley. "'Harold & Kumar' aims low, but achieves a high", The Boston Globe, July 30, 2004. Accessed January 11, 2015. "When they can't find a White Castle in their New Brunswick, N.J., neighborhood, a simple jaunt for slyders stretches into a Garden State odyssey that ends up capturing the feeling of being bored and nonwhite in New Jersey."
- About ALFWC, Abundant Life Family Worship Church. Accessed September 9, 2015. "The Abundant Life Family Worship Church was established in February of 1991 and has become a place of inspiration and spiritual revitalization for many people in New Brunswick and surrounding communities."
- History, Anshe Emeth Memorial Temple. Accessed September 9, 2015. "Anshe Emeth Memorial Temple, the fourth Jewish congregation founded in New Jersey, was established in New Brunswick on October 11, 1859."
- Varga, Emil, et. al. "History of Ascension Evangelical Lutheran Church", Lutherans Online. Accessed September 9, 2015. "What persistence the original founders of the Hungarian Lutheran Church (now Ascension Lutheran Church) of New Brunswick had, who, in spite of many difficulties in securing a minister to be their pastor kept on having meetings, trying to find ways of making their religious dreams become a reality. They were immigrants from Hungary - most of them quite young- who brought with them their religious faith."
- History of the Parish, Christ Church, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Accessed September 9, 2015. "Throughout the early years,Christ Church remained a mission parish. It would not receive a royal charter as an independent parish until 1761."
- David Abeel 1804 ~ 1846, Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Christianity. Accessed January 11, 2015. "Born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, Abeel had begun medical studies when a religious conversion turned him toward the Christian ministry."
- "ADRAIN, Garnett Bowditch, (1815 - 1878)", Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed January 11, 2015. "moved with his parents to New Brunswick, N.J.; attended the public schools; was graduated from Rutgers College, New Brunswick, in 1833"
- Charlie Atherton, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed January 11, 2015.
- Jim Axelrod: CBS Chief White House Correspondent, CBS News. Accessed August 12, 2007.
- Catherine Bailey, Addison County Independent. Accessed September 9, 2015. "Catherine was born on May 9, 1921, in New Brunswick, N.J., the daughter of H. Gordon and Hettie Bailey."
- Joe Barzda, Motor Sport (magazine) database. Accessed September 9, 2015.
- via Associated Press. "Van Johnson, Veteran Race Driver, Killed in Grove Crash", The Gettysburg Times, July 20, 1959. Accessed September 9, 2015. "The Indianapolis-type car was rammed from the side by one driven by Joe Barzda of New Brunswick, N. J."
- John Bubenheim Bayard (1738-1807), University of Pennsylvania. Accessed September 8, 2015. "After the Revolutionary War, Bayard became influential as a Federalist, living in Philadelphia and then New Brunswick."
- James Berardinelli profile, Rotten Tomatoes. Accessed March 17, 2007. "I was born in September 1967 in the town of New Brunswick, New Jersey (USA)."
- Schneider, Dan. "The Dan Schneider Interview 16: James Berardinelli", Cosmoetica.com, December 12, 2008. Accessed July 14, 2016. "I was born in New Brunswick, lived in Old Bridge for a year, then spent my childhood in Morristown and my teenage years in Cherry Hill."
- Bradshaw, Jennifer. "Eight Inducted Into New Brunswick High School Hall of Distinguished Alumni; The New Brunswick Education Foundation also awarded 44 scholarships.", New Brunswick Patch, June 24, 2013. Accessed September 9, 2015. "Natalie Bisheaba Swain, Class of 1993 – celebrity makeup artist and fundraiser."
- James Bishop, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 1, 2007.
- Boggs, Charles S., Naval History & Heritage Command. Accessed September 9, 2015. "Charles Stuart Boggs was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, on 28 January 1811."
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to New Brunswick, New Jersey.|
|Wikisource has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about New Brunswick, New Jersey.|
- City of New Brunswick official website
- New Brunswick Parking Authority
- New Brunswick Public Schools
- New Brunswick Public Schools's 2014–15 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the New Brunswick Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- The Changing Landscape of New Brunswick
- New Brunswick Information
- New Brunswick Development Corporation
- Historical maps of New Jersey including New Brunswick
- "The Park System of New Brunswick, New Jersey" (PDF). The Trust for Public Land. August 2011.
- New Brunswick (New Jersey) travel guide from Wikivoyage
|North Brunswick Township||East Brunswick Township|