John Creed Moore
|John Creed Moore|
John Creed Moore, brigadier general in the Confederate Army
February 28, 1824|
Hawkins County, Tennessee
|Died||December 31, 1910
Coryell County, Texas
|Place of burial||Osage Cemetery, Texas|
|Allegiance|| United States of America
Confederate States of America
|Service/branch|| United States Army
Confederate States Army
|Rank|| First Lieutenant (USA)
Brigadier General (CSA)
|Other work||Professor and Teacher|
John Creed Moore (February 28, 1824 – December 31, 1910) was a United States Army officer and a graduate of West Point. He is known for being a Confederate brigadier general during the Civil War and his works in the educational system in Texas.
Early life and career
John Moore was born to Margaret Creed and Cleon Moore in 1824. Moore first went to Emory and Henry College and then graduated from West Point seventeenth in his class in 1849. He joined the infantry and was commissioned a second lieutenant. Shortly after graduating Moore fought in the Seminole War. He was then stationed in Santa Fe, New Mexico, from 1852 to 1853, and as first lieutenant at Fort Union from 1853 to 1854. Moore resigned from his commission in 1855. He then became a professor at Shelby College in Kentucky.
Civil War Service
Shortly after the Civil War began Moore joined the Confederate States Army as a Captain and was sent to Galveston, Texas, where he became commander, to begin working on defensive fortifications. While in Galveston John Creed Moore was partially responsible for raising and training the 2nd Texas Infantry Regiment and was elected its colonel. In 1862 Moore fought in the Battle of Shiloh where he was commended for his bravery by Brig. Gen. Jones M. Withers.
He was then promoted to brigadier general a month later on May 26, 1862, for his services at Shiloh. Moore then participated in the Second Battle of Corinth where he forced the Union troops to retreat over a mile away from their original position. Moore was then sent to reinforce the Confederate troops at Siege of Vicksburg and was then captured at Vicksburg's surrender. After a prisoner exchange Moore was put under the command of General Hardee with whom he fought during part of the Chattanooga Campaign. Disputes between Hardee and Moore led to Moore requesting a transfer from Jefferson Davis. The request was denied and John Moore resigned his commission as a brigadier general in the Confederate service in February 1864.
Moore then received the rank of lieutenant colonel and was put in command of the Savannah, Georgia Arsenal. Later in 1864 he was reassigned to the Selma arsenal, where he would stay until the end of the war.
Post Civil War
Once the Civil War ended, Moore moved back to Texas, where he began teaching again. From 1869 to 1870 he taught mathematics at the Coronal Institute in San Marcos. He also became the superintendent of several schools and taught in over five different schools. Moore died at the age of 86 on December 31, 1910, and was buried at Osage Cemetery.
- Ezra J. Warner's "Generals in Gray:Lives of the Confederate Commanders" (1959) pg. 219
- John H. Eicher and David J. Eichers' "Civil War High Commands" (2001) pg. 870
- Peter Cozzens' "The Darkest Days of the War: The Battles of Iuka and Corinth" (2006) pg.181
- Walter Prescott Webb, H. Bailey Carroll, Eldon Stephen Branda and, Texas State Historical Association's "Handbook of Texas" (1952) pg. 609-10
- C. L. Bragg's "Never for Want of Powder: The Confederate Powder Works in Augusta, Georgia" (2007) pg. 229
- Jack D. Welsh's "Medical Histories of Confederate Generals" (1999) pg. 158
- C. L. Bragg's "Never for Want of Powder: The Confederate Powder Works in Augusta, Georgia" (2007)
- Cozzens, Peter. The Darkest Days of the War: The Battles of Iuka and Corinth. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0-8078-2320-0.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4.
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9.
- Walter Prescott Webb, H. Bailey Carroll, Eldon Stephen Branda and, Texas State Historical Association's "Handbook of Texas" (1952)
- Welsh, Jack D. Medical Histories of Confederate Generals. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1999. ISBN 978-0-87338-853-5.