John Christopher Drumgoole
|John Christopher Drumgoole|
Statue of Drumgoole at Mount Loretto
|Born||John Christopher Drumgoole
August 15, 1816
Granard, County Longford, Ireland
|Died||March 28, 1888
New York City, New York, United States
|Cause of death||pneumonia|
|Alma mater||Our Lady of Angels Seminary (ordained a priest in 1869)|
|Occupation||sexton, Roman Catholic priest|
|Known for||Caring for homeless newsboys in Manhattan and founding the Mount Loretto orphanages on Staten Island|
Fr. John Christopher Drumgoole (15 August 1816 – 28 March 1888) was an Irish American Roman Catholic priest who was known for his work in caring for and educating orphaned and abandoned children in New York City, especially homeless newsboys. In 1883 he founded Mount Loretto, an orphanage and vocational school for boys in a then-rural section of Staten Island which later grew into a large complex that housed and educated thousands of boys and girls in more than a century of existence. As of 2015, the organization that Drumgoole founded continued to run programs that benefit needy children on a portion of the Mount Loretto property.
John Drumgoole was born in Granard, County Longford, Ireland, on August 15, 1816. His father, a cobbler, died in 1822. John came to the United States at the age of 9, to join his mother, who had emigrated previously. His mother worked as a maid. John became a shoemaker to help support her. In 1844, he became sexton/janitor of St. Mary's, New York City's third Roman Catholic parish, founded in 1826 and located in the poor Lower East Side neighborhood. Drumgoole grew concerned for the many homeless and orphaned children who lived on the streets of New York City after the Great Famine in Ireland and then the American Civil War in the United States. For 21 years, he provided shelter for many of them in the basement of the church.
Drumgoole became a United States citizen in 1838. He had long wished to enter the priesthood, but waited until provision could be made for his mother. In 1863 he commenced his studies, first at St. John's College in Rose Hill, and then at St. Francis Xavier's.[which?] He entered the Seminary of Our Lady of Angels, near Niagara Falls, in 1865. He was ordained 1869, aged 53.
In 1871, he was placed in charge of the “Newsboys’ Lodging House”, a project of the St. Vincent de Paul Society located at 53 Warren Street in Manhattan. Under his leadership, this program expanded, and he soon found the building inadequate for the needs of his newsboy charges. Seeking funds to build a larger home for newsboys, he founded a new organization, the St. Joseph's Union, and began publishing “The Homeless Child and Messenger of St. Joseph's Union”. People from all over the world purchased subscriptions to this publication for 25 cents per year and thereby became members of the union. It was with these funds that he was able to build a new mission house at the corner of Great Jones and Lafayette streets, which came to be known as the Mission of the Immaculate Virgin. The cornerstone of the Manhattan building was laid in 1879. The plot of land, which wasnpreviously occupied by a Protestant church, cost $70,000 and the building cost $160,000 to build. It was occupied by 1881.
Though the building was designed to provide light and air to each resident so as to avoid the spread of influenza and tuberculosis, which was common in the tenements, Drumgoole came to feel that the general environment of the City at the time was not healthy for the younger children, so he sought out a more rural setting. In 1882, he purchased land on Staten Island and founded the Mission of the Immaculate Virgin at Mount Loretto, which he named as a tribute to the Sisters who accompanied him there to teach the children. Mount Loretto was designed to be a self-sufficient farm.
Father Drumgoole used to divide his time between the Mission's facilities in Manhattan and at Mount Loretto. On Sunday, March 11, 1888, he boarded a Staten Island Rapid Transit train at the Pleasant Plains station, very near the orphanage, and rode it to the ferry to Manhattan at St. George. Upon arriving he found that no ferries were running, because the Great Blizzard of 1888 had begun and was causing wind gusts that may have exceeded 80 miles per hour in some places. To return to Mount Loretto, he hired a horse and gig and drove through blizzard. Though he arrived safely, he soon developed a cold that later progressed to pneumonia, even though he continued to work. He collapsed on March 28, while preparing to say Mass at the Mission's building in Manhattan. Drumgoole's will left everything he had to the Mission.
Father Drumgoole was a hero of the newsboys who thronged the area when Park Row was the headquarters of New York City's major newspapers, including The New York Times, and was named the unofficial patron saint of the homeless, orphans, and the less fortunate. In 1894, a statue was erected in Fr. Drumgoole's honor at Lafayette Street, the site of the Manhattan Mission. It was later moved to Mount Loretto in 1920. The Mission of the Immaculate Virgin has been on its current site in the Pleasant Plains section of Staten Island since 1883. Mount Loretto, an orphanage for boys and later girls as well, was run by the mission for many years.
In tribute to Fr. Drumgoole, several things were also named in his honor. Drumgoole Plaza, a New York City park, is named in his honor, as are the service roads (Drumgoole Road West/East) of the Korean War Veterans Parkway on Staten Island. In 1973 in honor of Fr. Drumgoole Public School 36 was changed to Fr. John C. Drumgoole Annadale School.
- Fitzpatrick, Mallick. "John C. Drumgoole." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 6 December 2013
- "A Brief History of MIV", Mission of the Immaculate Virgin
- "Saints of New York: Father John C. Drumgoole (1816-1888)". NYFaithInformation.org. Catechetical Office of the Archdiocese of New York. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- "Death of Another Dom Bosco". Donahoe's Magazine. 19: 458. 1888.
- "Gasoline Station on Mission Site". New York Times. October 6, 1929. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
- "Father Drumgoole Honored", New York Times, April 16, 1894
- P.C. 036, J.C. Drumgoole School
- Mount Loretto official website
- Reminiscences of Mt. Loretto in the 1950s, includes some historic information