Godbolt was the son of Thomas Godbolt, of Tannington, Suffolk. He was at school at Worlingworth, Suffolk and admitted to Caius College, Cambridge on 29 June 1599 aged 17. He was scholar from 1600 to 1602 and was admitted at Gray's Inn on 16 November 1605. In 1633 he was recorder of Bury St Edmunds. He became Chief Justice of the Isle of Ely, Cambridgeshire in 1638.
Godbolt was judge at the Bury St Edmunds assizes in 1645 for the trial of alleged witches of whom two men and sixteen women were sentenced to death and 120 suspects were kept in gaol. However he forbade the use of the swimming test for witches. The sessions were adjourned because of the approach of Royalist forces, but subsequently another fifty were hanged as witches. Godbolt was made Justice of the Common Pleas in 1647.
Godbolt died in 1648 at the age of 66.
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- Margaret Statham Accounts of the feoffees of the town lands of Bury St Edmunds, 1569-1622
- "Godbold, John (GDBT599J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp. 229–239.
- C. L'Estrange Ewen Witchcraft and Demonism
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|Parliament of England|
Parliament suspended since 1629
|Member of Parliament for Bury St Edmunds
With: Sir Thomas Jermyn
Sir Thomas Barnardiston, 1st Baronet