John Hobhouse, 1st Baron Broughton
|The Right Honourable
John Cam Hobhouse,
1st Baron Broughton,
GCB PC FRS
Lord Broughton, from a miniature by Sir William Newton, R. A.
|President of the Board of Control|
23 April 1835 – 30 August 1841
|Prime Minister||The Viscount Melbourne|
|Preceded by||The Lord Ellenborough|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Ellenborough|
8 July 1846 – 5 February 1852
|Prime Minister||Lord John Russell|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Ripon|
|Succeeded by||Hon. Fox Maule|
27 June 1786|
Redland, near Bristol
|Died||3 June 1869
Berkeley Square, London
|Spouse(s)||Lady Julia Hay (d. 1835)|
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
Born at Redland near Bristol, Broughton was the eldest son of Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, 1st Baronet, and Charlotte, daughter of Samuel Cam. He was educated at Westminster School and at Trinity College, Cambridge. At Trinity College Hobhouse became friends with Lord Byron, and accompanied him in his journeys in the Peninsula, Greece and Turkey, and acted as his "best man". In 1816 he was with Byron after his separation from his wife, and contributed notes to the fourth canto of Childe Harold, which was dedicated to him.
On his return he threw himself into politics with great energy as an advanced Radical, and wrote various pamphlets, for one of which he was in 1819 imprisoned in Newgate. Also in that year, he spoke the following words: "I am a man chosen for the people, by the people; and, if elected, I will do no other business than that of the people." In 1820, he entered Parliament, sitting for Westminster.
Hobhouse is credited with the invention of the phrase His Majesty's (Loyal) Opposition made in 1826 during a speech in the House of Commons. After the Whigs gained power in 1830 he served under Lord Grey as Secretary at War between 1832 and 1833, as Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1833 and as First Commissioner of Woods and Forests in 1834. He was later President of the Board of Control under Lord Melbourne between 1835 and 1841 and under Lord John Russell between 1846 and 1852. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1832 and raised to the peerage as Baron Broughton, of Broughton-de-Gyfford in the County of Wiltshire, in 1851. In 1852 he was also made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB).
Lord Broughton married Lady Julia, daughter of George Hay, 7th Marquess of Tweeddale, in 1828. They had three daughters. Lady Julia died from tuberculosis in April 1835. Lord Broughton survived her by over 30 years and died in June 1869, aged 82. He is buried at Kensal Green Cemetery, London. The large and distinctive monument lies on the main pathway to the central chapel.
His barony died with him, as he had no male heirs, whilst the baronetcy created for his father passed to Broughton's nephew, Charles.
He published Journey through Albania (1813), Historical Illustrations of the Fourth Canto of Childe Harold (1818), and Recollections of a Long Life (1865), for private circulation, and he left in MS. Diaries, Correspondence, and Memoranda, etc., not to be opened till 1900, extracts from which were published by his daughter, Lady Dorchester, also under the title of Recollections from a Long Life (1909).
- Italy: Remarks Made in Several Visits, from the Year 1816 to 1854, Murray, reissued by Cambridge University Press, 2009, 1859, ISBN 978-1-108-00398-8.
- "Hobhouse, John Cam (HBHS803JC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Broughton, John and Burdett, Francis. An Authentic Narrative of the Events of the Westminster Election, which Commenced on Saturday, February 13th, and Closed on Wednesday, March 3d, 1819 page 105 (Published by R. Stodart, 1819).
- The London Gazette: . 7 February 1832.
- The London Gazette: . 25 February 1851.
- The London Gazette: . 24 February 1852.
- "John Cam Hobhouse, Lord Broughton", Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. IV, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, pp. 381–382.
- "John Cam Hobhouse, Baron Broughton", Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed., Vol. IV, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1911, pp. 655–656.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. Wikisource
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Hobhouse