John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch

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The Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry

9th Duke of Buccleuch 2 Allan Warren.jpg
Portrait of Scott by Allan Warren
Member of Parliament for Edinburgh North
In office
1960–1973
Preceded byWilliam Milligan
Succeeded byAlexander Fletcher
Personal details
Born
Walter Francis John Montagu Douglas Scott

(1923-09-28)28 September 1923
Died4 September 2007(2007-09-04) (aged 83)
Spouse(s)
Jane McNeill (m. 1953)
Children4, including Richard
Parents
EducationEton College

Walter Francis John Montagu Douglas Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch and 11th Duke of Queensberry, KT, VRD, JP, DL (28 September 1923 – 4 September 2007) was a Scottish peer, politician and landowner. He served in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve in the Second World War, and represented Edinburgh North in the House of Commons for 13 years.

He owned the largest private landed estate in the United Kingdom, covering some 280,000 acres (1,100 km2). The estate includes Drumlanrig Castle in Dumfries and Galloway, Bowhill House in Selkirkshire, and Boughton House in Northamptonshire. A fourth house, Dalkeith Palace, near Edinburgh, is let to the West Central Wisconsin Consortium, which uses the palace as a base for its study abroad program.

Early life[edit]

Walter Francis John Montagu Douglas Scott was best known by his middle name John, and he was the only son of Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 8th Duke of Buccleuch and 10th Duke of Queensberry, and the former Mary Lascelles. His sister Lady Elizabeth married the 10th Duke of Northumberland, and Lady Caroline wed politician Ian Gilmour.

His paternal aunt was Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester.

Known as Johnny Dalkeith, from his courtesy title of Earl of Dalkeith, he was educated at Eton.

Career[edit]

In 1942, he joined the Royal Navy as an ordinary seaman, and was commissioned as an officer the following year, serving on destroyers. He continued as a Lieutenant-Commander in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve and the Royal Naval Reserve after the war until 1971. He was awarded the Volunteer Reserve Decoration in 1959. He was appointed Honorary Captain in the Royal Naval Reserve in 1988. He was a Captain of the Royal Company of Archers, Lord President of the Council and Silver Stick for Scotland. He was a member of the Roxburghe Club.

Parliamentary career[edit]

After the war, he studied at Christ Church, Oxford, where he joined the Bullingdon Club. He briefly worked as a merchant banker in the City of London, and then as a director of an insurance company.

As Earl of Dalkeith, he was a Roxburghshire County Councillor from 1958. He contested Edinburgh East in the 1959 general election, losing to the incumbent Labour MP George Willis, but was elected as a Unionist (and latterly Conservative) Member of Parliament for Edinburgh North from a by-election in 1960. He served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Lord Advocate, William Rankine Milligan, in 1961 to 1962, then briefly as PPS to the Secretary of State for Scotland Jack Maclay from January 1962 to July that year. After Maclay was sacked in Harold Macmillan's Night of the Long Knives, he was PPS to Maclay's successor, Michael Noble, from 1962 to 1964. He defeated a young Robin Cook in the 1970 general election.

He and his wife sustained minor injuries in a car accident at Clumber Park, Nottinghamshire, on 16 August 1961, but made a full recovery. However, in a hunting accident near Hawick on 20 March 1971, his horse threw him off as it failed to take a drystone dyke, and then fell on him. Dalkeith was left paralysed from the chest down with a fractured spine. He left hospital in early September 1971, and spent the rest of his life in a wheelchair, and became a notable spokesman for disability organisations. He was the first MP after the Second World War to enter the House of Commons chamber in a wheelchair, where he was greeted by Harold Wilson, who crossed the floor of the chamber to shake his hand, in October 1971.[1]

Dalkeith left the House of Commons in October 1973, as he succeeded to the Dukedom upon his father's death. As a result, he stood down as an MP. However, he remained a member of the House of Lords for the next 25 years, where he spoke particularly on rural, disability and constitutional issues, until the removal of the hereditary peers in the reforms of 1999.

Personal life[edit]

Drumlanrig Castle, Dumfries and Galloway – a seat of the Dukes of Buccleuch
Boughton House, Northamptonshire – a seat of the Dukes of Buccleuch

On 10 January 1953 he married Jane McNeill at a ceremony at St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh attended by the Queen, the Duke of Edinburgh, and most of the royal family.[2] Jane, a leading fashion model for Norman Hartnell, was the only child of John McNeill, QC, and the former Amy Yvonne Maynard.[3] Together, they were the parents of four children:[4]

  • Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch (born 14 February 1954), who married Lady Elizabeth Marion Frances Kerr, daughter of 12th Marquess of Lothian in 1981.[4]
  • Lady Charlotte-Anne Montagu Douglas Scott (born 9 January 1956), who married Comte Bernard de Castellane in 1991.[4]
  • Lord John Montagu Douglas Scott (born 9 August 1957), who married Berrin Torolsan in 1990.[4]
  • Lord Damian Torquil Francis Charles Montagu Douglas Scott (born 8 October 1969), who married Elisabeth Powis in 2001.[4]

The Duke was in the headlines in October 2003 when the Madonna with the Yarnwinder by Leonardo da Vinci was stolen from Drumlanrig Castle. It was found in October 2007, one month after the Duke's death.[5]

The Duke died after a short illness at one of his three homes, Bowhill House, in Selkirkshire, Scottish Borders, in the early hours of 4 September 2007. He was survived by his wife, daughter, and three sons (ten grandchildren and two great-grandchildren). The Duke was buried on 11 September 2007 among the ruins of Melrose Abbey, next to his parents. His cousin the Duke of Gloucester was among the 2,500 guests who attended the burial ceremony.

Descendants[edit]

Through his daughter, Lady Charlotte-Anne, he was a grandfather of Comte Boniface Louis Albert Charles de Castellane (born 1993), Rose Jane Michèle Elisabeth de Castellane (born 19 June 1996), and Pierre John Boniface de Castellane (born 11 April 2003).

Through his youngest son, Lord Damian, he was a grandfather of Alexander Edward James Montagu Douglas Scott (born 13 February 2002), Georgia Lucy Alice Montagu Douglas Scott (born 11 August 2006), and Orlando John Sebastian Montagu Douglas Scott (born 27 March 2009).[4]

Chairmanships[edit]

Honours[edit]

Honorary military appointments[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry". The Independent. 6 September 2007. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  2. ^ Scotsman obituary http://www.scotsman.com/news/scottish-news/top-stories/laird-royal-confidant-and-a-caring-human-being-the-duke-of-buccleuch-dies-aged-83-1-917493
  3. ^ "Jane, Duchess of Buccleuch: Model turned politician's wife whose efforts helped pave the way for disabled MPs". Independent. 26 April 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Buccleuch, Duke of (S, 1663)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  5. ^ Cramb, Auslan (8 February 2013). "Former lawyer sues duke for £4.2m 'reward' over stolen Leonardo". The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 February 2013.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Milligan
Member of Parliament for Edinburgh North
19601973
Succeeded by
Alexander Fletcher
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Home of the Hirsel
Chancellor of the Order of the Thistle
1992–2007
Succeeded by
The Earl of Airlie
Preceded by
The Duke of Buccleuch
Lord Lieutenant of Roxburghshire
1974–1975
Office abolished
Preceded by
Sir Conolly Abel Smith
Lord Lieutenant of Selkirkshire
1975
New office Lord Lieutenant of
Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale

1975–1998
Succeeded by
June Paterson-Brown
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Walter Scott
Duke of Buccleuch
Duke of Queensberry

1973–2007
Succeeded by
Richard Scott