José Sebastião de Almeida Neto

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His Eminence
José III
Cardinal, Patriarch of Lisbon
José Sebastião Neto - Cópia.jpg
Province Lisbon
Diocese Lisbon
See Lisbon
Appointed 19 July 1883
Installed 9 August 1883
Term ended 7 November 1907
Predecessor Inácio do Nascimento de Morais Cardoso
Successor António Mendes Belo
Other posts
Ordination 1 April 1865
Consecration 18 April 1880
by Gaetano Aloisi Masella
Created Cardinal 24 March 1884
by Leo XIII
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Birth name José Sebastião de Almeida Neto
Born (1841-02-08)8 February 1841
Lagos, Algarve
Kingdom of Portugal
Died 7 December 1920(1920-12-07) (aged 79)
Villarino, Andalusia
Kingdom of Spain
Buried Monastery of São Vicente de Fora
Lisbon, Portugal
Nationality Portuguese
Denomination Roman Catholic
Motto Soli Deo Omnis Honor et Gloria
Coat of arms
Styles of
José Sebastião de Almeida Neto
Coat of Arms of Cardinal José Sebastião d'Almeida Neto.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Lisbon

José Sebastião de Almeida Neto (8 February 1841 – 7 December 1920) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Patriarch of Lisbon.

Early life[edit]

José Sebastião de Almeida Neto was born in Lagos, Portugal, the son of Raimundo José Neto, a veteran of the Peninsular War, and his wife Lucy Catherine de Almeida. He was educated at the Seminary of Faro and received the sub-diaconate on 20 September 1862 and the diaconate on 21 May 1864.


He was ordained on 1 April 1865. Neto entered the Order of Friars Minor Discalced on 15 August 1875, adopting the name of Joseph of the Sacred Heart, but continued to work in the parish church of St. Sebastian until 1879, upon his bishopric appointment.


He was nominated as Bishop of Angola e Congo by Luís I of Portugal in July 30 of 1879, the Pope confirmed him on 22 September of that year, but was not consecrated until 18 April of the following year, in St. Julian Church, Lisbon, by Gaetano Aloisi Masella, Apostolic Nuncio to Portugal. Aires Ornelas e Vasconcelos, Archbishop of Goa, and Jose Lino de Oliveira, Bishop-Emeritus of Angola. served as co-consecrators. He was nominated by the King of Portugal to the Patriarchate of Lisbon on 12 July 1883, with his confirmation as patriarch occurring on 9 August.


In accordance with tradition holding that the Patriarch of Lisbon be made a cardinal, Pope Leo XIII raised him to that dignity in the consistory of March 24 of 1884. As the Patriarch of Lisbon he presided over the wedding of Prince Don Carlos with Amélie of Orléans, in the Church of St. Dominic in Lisbon on 22 May 1886. He participated in the conclave of 1903 that elected Pope Pius X.

In November 1907 Neto resigned and retired to a convent of his order. Due to religious persecution with the deployment of the first Republic he fled to Spain and as of 30 May 1913, was residing in the convent of Villarino of Ramallosa.

On 4 September 1913, at Sigmaringen Castle, he married the exiled King Manuel II of Portugal, whom he had baptized, and given first communion and confirmation, to his cousin, Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern.

Death and funeral[edit]

He died at 1:30 AM on 7 December 1920 in Villarino, near Seville, Spain. On 9 December, his body was transferred to Tui, Galicia, where it arrived at 05:00. The body was received by Bishop Manuel Lago de Tuy, several canons of the cathedral chapter and the Franciscan community of the Colegio de San Antonio. The coffin was placed on a catafalque in the middle of the cathedral. On December 10, at 11 am, Mass of requiem was solemn sung by Don Manuel Vieira de Matos, Archbishop of Braga. King Alfonso XIII of Spain ordered military honors for the Cardinal. After the Mass, the bishop of Tui delivered the funeral oration. The remains were buried in the crypt of the chapel of San Telmo, the tomb of the bishops of Tui. On 28 April 1928, the body was exhumed and solemnly translated to Lisbon, where he was buried on 30 April at the tomb of the patriarchs of the Monastery of São Vicente de Fora.

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Inácio do Nascimento Morais Cardoso
Patriarch of Lisbon
9 August 1883 – 1907
Succeeded by
António Mendes Bello