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Josef Čapek ( Czech pronunciation: ; 23 March 1887 – April 1945 [ˈjozɛf ˈtʃapɛk] ) was a Czech artist who was best known as a painter, but who was also noted as a writer and a poet. He invented the word [1 ] robot, which was introduced into literature by his brother, Karel Čapek.
Biography [ edit ]
Čapek was born in
Hronov, Bohemia ( Austria-Hungary, later Czechoslovakia, now Czech Republic) in 1887. First a painter of the Cubist school, he later developed his own playful primitive style. He collaborated with his brother Karel on a number of plays and short stories; on his own, he wrote the utopian play Land of Many Names and several novels, as well as critical essays in which he argued for the art of the unconscious, of children, and of 'savages'. He was named by his brother as the true inventor of the term . robot [2 ] As a [3 ] cartoonist, he worked for a newspaper based in Lidové Noviny, Prague. Due to his critical attitude towards national socialism and Adolf Hitler, he was arrested after the German invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1939. He wrote Poems from a Concentration Camp in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where he died in 1945.
His illustrated stories about 'Pejsek a Kočička' ('Doggie and Pussycat') are considered classics of Czech children's literature.
Selection of his literary works [ edit ]
Stín kapradiny, 1930, novel
Kulhavý poutník, essays, 1936
Land of Many Names
Básně z koncentračního tabora (Poems from Concentration Camp), published posthumously 1946
Adam Stvořitel (Adam the Creator) – with Karel Čapek
Dášeňka, čili život štěněte (Dashenka, or the life of a Puppy) – with Karel Čapek, illustrated by Josef
Ze života hmyzu ( Pictures from the Insects' Life) 1921 – with Karel Capek
References [ edit ]