Joseph-Marie Martin

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His Eminence
Joseph-Marie Martin
Cardinal, Archbishop of Rouen
Church Roman Catholic
Archdiocese Rouen
Installed 11 October 1948
Term ended 6 May 1968
Predecessor Pierre Petit de Julleville
Successor André Pailler
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of Santa Teresa al Corso d’Italia
Ordination 18 December 1920
Consecration 2 April 1940
Created Cardinal 22 February 1965
by Paul VI
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born (1891-08-09)9 August 1891
Orléans France
Died 21 January 1976(1976-01-21) (aged 84)
Rouen France
Buried Rouen Cathedral
Nationality French
Previous post Bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay (1940-1948)
Motto Cum Maria matre ejus
Coat of arms Joseph-Marie Martin's coat of arms
Styles of
Joseph-Marie Martin
Coat of arms of Joseph-Marie Martin.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Rouen (emeritus)

Joseph-Marie Martin (9 August 1891 – 21 January 1976) was a French Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Rouen from 1948 to 1971, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1965.


Joseph-Marie-Eugene Martin was born and baptised in Orléans. He later dropped the name "Eugene". He studied at the seminary in Bordeaux before serving in the French Army during World War I, during which he was seriously wounded. Martin was ordained to the priesthood on 18 December 1920, and then did pastoral work in the Archdiocese of Bordeaux until 1940. He was vicar general of Bordeaux from 1937 to 1940 as well.

On 9 February 1940, Martin was appointed Bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay by Pope Pius XII. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 2 April from Archbishop Maurice Feltin, with Bishops Clément Mathieu and Louis Liagre serving as co-consecrators, in the Cathedral of Bordeaux. Martin was later promoted to Archbishop of Rouen on 11 October 1948, and attended the Second Vatican Council from 1962–65.

Pope Paul VI created him Cardinal Priest of S. Teresa al Corso d'Italia in the consistory of 22 February 1965. Cardinal Martin believed that the reaction of conservative Catholics to the introduction of the vernacular to the Mass could possibly result in a schism.[1] He resigned as Archbishop on 29 May 1968, after nineteen years, and lost the right to participate in a papal conclave upon reaching the age of eighty on 9 August 1971.

Joseph-Marie Cardinal Martin died in Rouen, aged 84, and was interred in the metropolitan cathedral of Rouen. He had earlier survived several days buried in snow in the Pyrenees.


  1. ^ Time Magazine. Reluctant Revolutionary, 24 September 1965

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Norbert-Georges-Pierre Rousseau
Bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay
Succeeded by
Joseph-Marie-Jean-Baptiste Chappe
Preceded by
Pierre-André-Charles Petit de Julleville
Archbishop of Rouen
Succeeded by
André Pailler