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Joseph Siphatimandla Shabalala
|Birth name||Bhekizizwe Joseph Siphatimandla Mxoveni Mshengu Bigboy Shabalala|
|Born||28 August 1940|
Ladysmith, South Africa
|Died||11 February 2020 (aged 79)|
Pretoria, South Africa
|Occupation(s)||Singer, composer, musical director|
|Associated acts||Ladysmith Black Mambazo, Paul Simon|
Joseph Shabalala (28 August 1940 – 11 February 2020), born Bhekizizwe Joseph Siphatimandla Mxoveni Mshengu Bigboy Shabalala, was a South African singer and musician who was the founder and musical director of the choral group Ladysmith Black Mambazo.
Early life and career
Shabalala was born in the town of Ladysmith (eMnambithi district) in the KwaZulu-Natal region of South Africa. His parents, Jonathan Mluwane Shabalala and Nomandla Elina Shabalala, raised Joseph and his six siblings on a white-owned farm called Tugela. His father died in the late 1940s; Joseph, being the eldest, had to take care of the family. He left the farm, however, in 1958 to search for work in the nearby city of Durban.
During this time, he was spotted by a well-known group, the Durban Choir, after he delighted audiences with his smooth guitar playing and soprano voice. When he joined the choir, he attempted to teach them some of his new compositions, namely his first song "Nomathemba" (which was made into a play in 1995). They refused, and so he left them after only two years.
In 1958, Shabalala discovered an isicathamiya group, The Highlanders, led by his hero Galiyane Hlatshwayo. Hlatshwayo was the man who encouraged Shabalala to use his voice powerfully. Shabalala formed his own group the following year 1959, Ezimnyama ("The Black Ones"). A series of dreams he had in his sleep in December 1960 was a major turning point in the formation of the group; when he saw how well his group did in the once-weekly isicathamiya competitions, he renamed them Ladysmith Black Mambazo, "Mambazo" meaning axe, referring to how the group chopped down the other choirs by winning almost every time.
After local radio airplay (on the S.A.B.C. station Radio Zulu), Shabalala accepted a recording contract that was offered in 1972 by Gallo Music producer West Nkosi. The group sold over 40,000 copies of their first album and continued to do so through other recordings. In 1976, he became a Christian, and the songs in the Mambazo repertoire were shuffled to one side to include generalized Christian, Methodist, and Zionist hymns sung in the Zulu language.
Rising to stardom
In 1986, Paul Simon travelled to South Africa to collaborate with South African artists for his upcoming Graceland album. Simon collaborated with Shabalala and the group, and co-composed the now-famous song, "Homeless". The group's popularity spread all over the world, and since then they have sold records popular enough to earn platinum disc certification. In 1987, the group won their first solo Grammy Award for Shaka Zulu. Since then, they have won one more and have been nominated over ten times. Following the worldwide success of Graceland, Shabalala began composing more songs in English (prior to this they had only recorded two in English and one in German).
On the night of 10 December 1991, his brother and fellow member Headman Shabalala was killed by an off-duty white security guard near the town of Ladysmith. The death was thought to be a racial murder. Joseph, helped by his beliefs, persevered, and the group continued; the members now included his brother Jockey, close relatives Albert and Abednego Mazibuko, Russel Mthembu and Jabulani Dubazana and his sons Sibongiseni, Thamsanqa, Thulani and Msizi. Nevertheless, tragedy returned. In May 2002, Shabalala's wife of 30 years, Nellie, was shot and killed by an assailant outside the couple's home in Clermont, KwaZulu-Natal. Shabalala's hand was wounded in his attempt to protect his wife. Mboneni Mdunge was convicted of the murder and sentenced to life in prison. At the same trial, Shabalala's son Nkosinathi Vivian Shabalala (Nellie's stepson) was charged, tried and acquitted on charges of having paid Mdunge for Nellie's murder.
Later life and death
The next album from the group, Wenyukela, was expected to have a solemn touch to it. Indeed it did, including a tribute to Nellie by her grandsons Gagamela and Babuyile Shabalala, encouraging Shabalala to carry on and that "S-H-A-B-A-L-A-L-A will live on." Six months after Nellie's death, he married Thoko Maduna, which was a "controversial stunt," according to the South African press. Despite this opposition, Shabalala managed to continue to carry on singing and even managed to set up the Ladysmith Black Mambazo Foundation, a music academy to promote and teach isicathamiya music to young South African children.
Tragedy struck again in June 2004 when his brother and former Mambazo member Ben Shabalala was shot and killed by an unknown individual whilst driving his two children to school. In February 2006, his brother Jockey (his only brother in the group by this time), died of natural causes at his home in Ladysmith, South Africa.
Shabalala announced, in January 2008, that his youngest son Thamsanqa would take over as leader of Ladysmith Black Mambazo when the time comes for him to retire from international touring (see main article for more information).
On 11 February 2020, Shabalala died in Pretoria at the age of 78. At his death, many media houses reported he was 78 years old which suggests he was born in 1941 but the government of South Africa declared his actual year of birth was 1940 which makes him 79 years old at the time of his death 
- "Government Communications on Joseph Shabalala's date of birth". South Africa Tribune. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
- "Ladysmith Black Mambazo founder, Joseph Shabalala, dies". News24. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
- "2013 Award Description". eThekwini Living Legends. eThekwini Municipality. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Joseph Shabalala – Biography". Wawela Music Awards. Samro. Archived from the original on 15 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Joseph Shabalala". International Opus. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Headman Tshabalala, 44, Singer With Ladysmith Black Mambazo". NYTimes.com. The New York Times. 13 December 1991. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Life for Nellie Shabalala's killer". iol.co.za. iOL. 3 March 2004. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
- THABO MKHIZE (15 December 2002). "South Africa: Mambazo Leader's Shock Wedding". AllAfrica.com. Sunday Times UK. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Leila Cobo (22 June 2004). "Ladysmith Black Mambazo's Ben Shabalala Killed". Billboard.com. Billboard. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Black Mambazo's Jockey Shabalala dies". Mail & Guardian. 15 February 2006. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Mambazo's Joseph Tshabalala retires". Bulawayo24. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Ladysmith Black Mambazo founder Joseph Shabalala, retires from touring". GulfNews.com. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Joseph shabalala founder of ladysmith black mambazo dies aged 78". theguardian.com. Retrieved 11 January 2020.