Jules Patenôtre des Noyers

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Jules Patenôtre des Noyers
Jules Patenôtre des Noyers.jpg
Born April 20, 1845
Baye, Marne, France
Died December 26, 1925 (1925-12-27) (aged 80)
Alma mater École Normale Supérieure
Occupation Politician
Spouse(s) Eleanor Elverson
Children Raymond Patenôtre
Yvonne Patenôtre
Relatives Jacqueline Thome-Patenôtre (daughter-in-law)

Jules Patenôtre des Noyers (April 20, 1845 – December 26, 1925) was a French diplomat.


Noyers was born in Baye (Marne). Educated at the École Normale Supérieure, he taught for some years in the Algiers lycée before he joined the diplomatic service in 1871. He took service from 1873 to 1876 in the North of Persia. In 1880, he was minister plenipotentiary in Stockholm, Sweden.

In September 1883 he was named French minister to China and could conduct his most important mission in 1884, when he was sent as to regularize the French dominion in the Vietnamese protectorate state of Annam. The Harmand Treaty of 25 August 1883 had not been ratified by the French parliament and had upset the Chinese government. Patenôtre left Marseille at the end of April 1884 with a modified version of the treaty drafted by the Quai d'Orsay for signature by the king of Annam.[1] At the end of May, he moved to a military vessel near Cap Saint-Jacques, learnt about the end of the Sino-French war and the Tientsin Accord of 11 May and received additional instructions from Paris. He arrived in Hải Phòng on 26 May and in Huế on 30 May,[2] and started discussions with Nguyễn Văn Tường, the Regent.[3] On 6 June 1884, the imperial Chinese seal - a symbol of the vassal status of Annam which had been given to Gia Long - was melted and the Patenôtre Treaty was signed.[4]

He then proceeded to Shanghai where he arrived on 1 July[5] to settle with China the difficulties which had arisen over the evacuation of the Chinese troops from Tongking. The negotiation failed, and the French admiral Sébastien Lespès resumed hostilities against China in August 1884. The next year Patenôtre signed with Li Hongzhang a treaty of peace at Tientsin, by which the French protectorate in Annam and Tongking was recognized, and both parties agreed to remain within their own borders in the future.

After serving as minister plenipotentiary in Morocco (1888–1891), Patenôtre was sent to Washington, D.C., where he was raised to the rank of ambassador in 1893. He was ambassador at Madrid from 1897 to 1902.

He was appointed a Grand Officer of the Order of Legion d'Honneur in 1902.[6]


Eleanor Elverson

Jules Patenotre des Noyers married Eleanor Elverson, who was the sister of James Elverson, Jr. (– 1929), and daughter of publisher James Elverson, Sr. (1838 – 1911) by wife Sallie Duvall (the three of them owners of The Philadelphia Inquirer). They had a daughter:


  1. ^ Billot 1886 p.165-166, 172.
  2. ^ Devillers (1998) p.271.
  3. ^ After the brief reign of Hiệp Hoà (30 July 1883 - 18 November 1883), the new emperor Kiến Phúc was only 15 years old. He reigned only from 2 December 1883 to 21 July 1884 under the regents Nguyễn Văn Tường and Tôn Thất Thuyết.
  4. ^ Billot (1886) p.172-175; Devillers (1998) pp.271-272.
  5. ^ McAleavy 1968, p. 244; Billot 1886 p.194.
  6. ^ "Latest intelligence - France". The Times (36862). London. 2 September 1902. p. 3.