Kaidu River

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Coordinates: 42°2′45″N 86°35′36″E / 42.04583°N 86.59333°E / 42.04583; 86.59333

Kaidu River
Kaidu river yanqi xinjiang.jpg
Kaidu River in the city center of Yanqi
Country China
Basin features
Main source Tian Shan
Basin size 22,000 km2 (8,500 sq mi)
Physical characteristics
Length 610 km (380 mi)
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    107 m3/s (3,800 cu ft/s)

The Kaidu River (Chinese: ; pinyin: Kāi ), also known under its ancient name Liusha River (Chinese: ; pinyin: Liúshā ; literally: "Flowing Sands River") or Chaidu-gol is a river in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China and an important source of water for the region. Not with out a bit of conflict, however. The Kaidu River is responsible for many substantial effects on the environment. Affecting the land and its people in many different ways.[1]

The sources of the Kaidu River are located on the central southern slopes of the Tian Shan from where it flows through the Yulduz Basin[2] and the Yanqi Basin into Lake Bosten for which it is the most important tributary.[3] The river leaves the lake under the name Kongque River (Chinese: ; pinyin: Kǒngquè ), which literally means "Peacock River", but is derived from the Uyghur name "Konchi Darya" which means "Tanner's River".[4] The Kongque River flows through the Iron Gate Pass (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Tiĕmén Guān) into the Tarim Basin.

Cultural significance[edit]

In the Journey to the West, the Kaidu River is referred to as the Flowing Sands River and is the place where the river-ogre Sha Wujing terrorized the surrounding villages and travelers trying to cross the river, before becoming a disciple of Xuanzang.[5]

Settlements on the river[edit]

Kaidu River[edit]

Kongque River[edit]

Significant Problems[edit]

The Kaidu River is a determinant factor of what causes climate change in Northwest China. The river is a result of sensitivity due to climate variability. Due to studies through the usage of hydrologic sensitivity analysis, researchers were able to make this observation and make proof of it.[6]

However, this is just one of the problems that the Kaidu River is responsible for. Northwest China has been subjected to affects from the Kaidu RIver because of global warming and water perturbation. Studies have shown a correlation between the temperature and the precipitation being the leading cause to these issues. Additionally, the Kaidu River resides in an arid zone, causing many different trends in temperature due to this climate change.[7]

Land use-conversion is also a very problematic issue that is caused in the region of Northwest China due to climate change as well. Many of the people within this area have had to deal with deceases in natural grassland area. Cultivated land increased due to this issue as well. Land reclamations were what led to this, as well as an increase in the growth of socioeconomic development. All of this causing an increase in water management activities, which became an issue because of the consistent change of runoff.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chen, Z., Chen, Y., & Li, B. (2012). Quantifying the effects of climate variability and human activities on runoff for Kaidu River Basin in arid region of northwest China. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 111(3-4), 537-545. doi:10.1007/s00704-012-0680-4
  2. ^ "Xinjiang River Guide"
  3. ^ Seespiegelschwankungen des Bosten-Sees (in German)
  4. ^ Nara Shiruku Rōdo-haku Kinen Kokusai Kōryū Zaidan, Shiruku Rōdo-gaku Kenkyū Sentā: Opening up the Silk Road: the Han and the Eurasian world, Nara International Foundation Commemorating the Silk Road Exposition, 2007
  5. ^ "Brief Introduction to Ba-Prefecture"
  6. ^ Chen, Z., Chen, Y., & Li, B. (2012). Quantifying the effects of climate variability and human activities on runoff for Kaidu River Basin in arid region of northwest China. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 111(3-4), 537-545. doi:10.1007/s00704-012-0680-4
  7. ^ Mupenzi, J. D., & Li, L. (2011). Impacts of global warming perturbation on water resources in arid zone: Case study of Kaidu River Basin in Northwest China. Journal of Mountain Science, 8(5), 704-710. doi:10.1007/s11629-011-2180-x
  8. ^ Wang, Y., Chen, Y., Ding, J., & Fang, G. (2015). Land-use conversion and its attribution in the Kaidu–Kongqi River Basin, China. Quaternary International, 380-381, 216-223. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2014.10.010