Kalhor (Iranian tribe)

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Kalhor is a Kurdish tribe[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12] and their dialect has been as categorized a southern branch of Southern Kurdish[13][14][15][16].

The tribe is described as the most powerful tribe mainly in the province of Kermānšāh and other parts of the region as "one of the most ancient, if not the most ancient, of the tribes of Kurdistan". The Kelhors were already mentioned by Šaraf-al-Din Bedlisi in the late 16th century,[17] according to whom, the chiefs of the Kalhor claimed to be descended from Gudarz, son of Giv (q.v.), a major hero in the Shahnameh[18]

The majority of the Kalhors are Shiites, while others are followers of the Yarsanism.[19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "kalhor". Encyclopædia Iranica. KALHOR, a Kurdish tribe in the southernmost part of Persian Kurdistan 
  2. ^ "KURDISH TRIBES". Encyclopaedia Iranica. following tribes between Kermānšāh (present-day Bāḵtarān) and the Iraqi border: Gurān, Kalhor, Sanjābi, Šarafbayāni, Kerindi, Bājalān 
  3. ^ Potts, Daniel T. Nomadism in Iran: From Antiquity to the Modern Era. Oxford University Press. p. 352. ISBN 9780199330799. 
  4. ^ Arjomand, Said Amir. The Turban for the Crown: The Islamic Revolution in Iran. Oxford University Press. p. 56. ISBN 9780195042580. Furthermore, the Kalhor Kurds in the west, the Turkman tribes in the northeast and the Baluch in the southeast were showing clear signs of open insubordination 
  5. ^ Kenney, Karen Latchana. Iran. ABDO Publishing Company. p. 68. ISBN 9781617878220. Kurds have different clans, the most significant of which are the Mokri, Bani-Ardalan, Jaaf, and Kalhor. 
  6. ^ Hamzehʼee, M. Reza. The Yaresan: a sociolgoical, historical and religio-historical study of a Kurdish community. K. Schwarz. p. 62. ISBN 9783922968832. The Kalhor and Zangeneh Kurds, with the help of the Afshars, fought the invading army but were defeated.136 Therefore Nader Shah came to ... 
  7. ^ ̄Haydar, Bahtuȳi (1998). Kurd and its diaspora in Iranian territory (2 ed.). Tehran: Gostareh. ISBN 964-6595-54-5. 
  8. ^ Muḥammadī, Āyat (2003). a Reflection in political history of Kurds and Kurds of Qom (in Persian). Tehran: Porseman. ISBN 964807903X. 
  9. ^ :Saʻīdiyān, Abd al-Ḥusayn (1883). Iranian land and people (in Persian). Tehran: Science and life. ISBN 9649005277. 
  10. ^ Nafīsī, Saʻīd (1938). Shahriary history. Tehran: Iqbal. p. 25. 
  11. ^ Yūrdshāhiyān, Ismāʻīl (2001). Ethnic genealogy and national life (1 ed.). Tehran: Farzān-i Rūz. pp. 173–174. ISBN 964-321-118-5. 
  12. ^ Jaʻfarī, Abbās (2007). Farhang-i buzurg-i Gītā Shināsī : iṣṭilāḥāt-i jughrāfiyāʼī (5. ed.). Tehran: Gitashenasi Geographic and Cartographic Institute. ISBN 978-964-342-258-5. 
  13. ^ "Kurdish, Southern". Ethologue. 
  14. ^ "Kalhori of Kurdish, Southern (sdh)". MultiTree:A Digital Library of Language Relationships. 
  15. ^ Tristan James Mabry. Nationalism, Language, and Muslim Exceptionalism. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 92. ISBN 0-8122-4691-8. 
  16. ^ "Encyclopaedia Islamica vol10" (PDF). p. 549. Southern Kurdish:Sanjabi,Kermanshahi,Kalhori,Lori Posht kuh,Laki 
  17. ^ I, pp. 317-19
  18. ^ Bedlisi, I, pp. 317-19
  19. ^ Mirzā Samiʿā, tr., comm., p. 171