Kurdish tribes

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Kurdish-inhabited areas

The following is a list of tribes of Kurdish people from the geo-cultural region of Kurdistan and other regions.

Armenia and Georgia[edit]

While Armenia has had a Kurdish presence since around the 15th century, most Kurdish tribes in Armenia and Georgia fled the Kars and Van areas in the Ottoman Empire due to oppression from 1916 to 1918. Entering the Russian Empire, they appealed for protection from the Tsar and were eventually settled in Armenia and Georgia. Since then, the unique traditions among the different tribes have been weakened albeit continued strong tribal identities and about 50,000 to 60,000 have migrated to Germany. Many have moved to Russia as well.[1]

The present tribes are listed below:[1]

Tribes
Axleran Hesiniyan Mehemdan Rojkan Sipkan Xaltan Zuquriyan

Azerbaijan[edit]

A large portion of the centuries-old Kurdish population in present-day Azerbaijan was deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia from the 1930s on. The remaining Kurdish population in the former Red Kurdistan was displaced by the Armenian Army during the Nagorno-Karabakh War, while the ones in Azerbaijan proper became heavily assimilated into Azerbaijani culture.[2][3][4]

The information on the tribes in Azerbaijan is from 1936:[5][6]

Tribes
Alihan Aliyan Babali Bargushat Bozlu Ferihkan Gajisam Gulukchi Hasenan Karachorlu Kelani
Kulekan Kulpucci Milan Pugian Pusian Shadmanli Sheylanli Sisiyan Sultan Tahmas Terter

Iraq[edit]

Baghdad Governorate[edit]

The following tribes are present in Baghdad Governorate:

Diyala Governorate[edit]

The following tribes are present in Diyala Governorate:

Dohuk Governorate[edit]

The following tribes are present in Dohuk Governorate:[14]

  • Barzani tribe
  • Berwari tribe
  • Doski tribe
  • Ertuşi tribe
  • Guli tribe
  • Nerwa tribe
  • Rekani tribe
  • Sharafhan tribe
  • Sindi tribe
  • Sipna tribe
  • Surchi tribe
  • Zebari tribe

Erbil Governorate[edit]

The following tribes are present in Erbil Governorate:[15]

  • Balak tribe[16]
  • Ako tribe[17]
  • Barzani tribe
  • Barzinji tribe
  • Bilbas tribe
  • Bradost tribe
  • Dizayee tribe
  • Gerdi tribe
  • Herki tribe
  • Kawani tribe
  • Khailani tribe
  • Khoshnaw tribe
  • Mantik tribe
  • Nanakali tribe
  • Siyan tribe
  • Shwan tribe
  • Surchi tribe
  • Siani tribe
  • Zebari tribe
  • Zirrari tribe

Halabja Governorate[edit]

Kirkuk Governorate[edit]

The following tribes are present in Kirkuk Governorate:[8]

  • Amarmel tribe
  • Barzinji tribe
  • Dilo tribe
  • Jibari tribe
  • Kaka'i tribe (Yarsanism)[18]
  • Salehi tribe
  • Sharafbayani tribe
  • Shuhan tribe
  • Talabani tribe
  • Zangana tribe

Nineveh Governorate[edit]

The following tribes are present in Nineveh Governorate:[19]

  • Alidina tribe
  • Bajalan tribe[20]
  • Bakran tribe
  • Delikan tribe
  • Duchi tribe
  • Fuqarah tribe
  • Gergeri tribe[21]
  • Hababah tribe
  • Hasenan tribe
  • Haskan tribe
  • Kaka'i tribe (Yarsanism)[18]
  • Kiran tribe
  • Mendikan tribe
  • Mihrkhan tribe
  • Samokhah tribe
  • Rashkan tribe

Sulaymaniyah Governorate[edit]

The following tribes are present in Sulaymaniyah Governorate:[22]

Wasit Governorate[edit]

The following tribes are present in Wasit Governorate:

Iran[edit]

Ardabil Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Ardabil Province:[25]

  • Delikan tribe
  • Shatran tribe
  • Qolugjan tribe

East Azerbaijan Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in East Azerbaijan Province:

Fars Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Fars Province:

Gilan Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Gilan Province:[8]

Hamadan Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Hamadan Province:

Ilam Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Ilam Province:[32]

Kermanshah Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Kermanshah Province:[8]

Khorasan Provinces[edit]

The following tribes are present in North Khorasan Province and Razavi Khorasan Province:[39]

  • Amar tribe
  • Baçvan tribe
  • Badlan tribe
  • Berivan tribe
  • Bicervan tribe
  • Çapeş tribe
  • Davan tribe
  • Hamazkan tribe
  • Izan tribe
  • Keyvan tribe
  • Mamyan tribe
  • Mastyan tribe
  • Mozdegan tribe
  • Palokan tribe
  • Qaçkan tribe
  • Qarabas tribe
  • Qaraçur tribe
  • Qaraman tribe
  • Reşwan tribe
  • Rudkan tribe
  • Sevkan tribe
  • Silsepuran tribe
  • Şad tribe
  • Şeyhkan tribe
  • Şirvan tribe
  • Torosan tribe
  • Tukan tribe
  • Zafaran tribe
  • Zangalan tribe
  • Zaraqkan tribe
  • Zardkan tribe
  • Zeydan tribe

Kurdistan Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Kurdistan Province:

Lorestan Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Lorestan Province:

Mazandaran Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Mazandaran Province:[8]

Qazvin Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Qazvin Province:[8]

Tehran Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Tehran Province:[8]

West Azerbaijan Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in West Azerbaijan Province:[8]

Syria[edit]

Al-Hasakah and Raqqa Governorates[edit]

The following tribes are present in Al-Hasakah Governorate and Raqqa Governorate:[53][54]

  • Abasan tribe
  • Aliyan tribe
  • Aşitan tribe
  • Berazi tribe
  • Daqoran tribe
  • Dorkan tribe
  • Gabara tribe
  • Hasenan tribe
  • Hawna tribe
  • Ketikan tribe
  • Kikan tribe
  • Koçer tribe
  • Heverkan tribe
  • Milan tribe
  • Miran tribe
  • Omerkan tribe
  • Omeriyan tribe
  • Pinar Eliya tribe
  • Şêxan tribe

Aleppo Governorate[edit]

The following tribes are present in Aleppo Governorate:[55]

  • Amkan tribe
  • Berazi tribe[56]
  • Biyan tribe
  • Cûmiyan tribe
  • Dimili tribe[57]
  • Heyştiyan tribe
  • Reşwan tribe[57]
  • Rûbariyan tribe
  • Şêxan tribe
  • Xastiyan tribe
  • Xerzan tribe

Turkey[edit]

Adıyaman Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Adıyaman Province and are all Hanafi unless noted:[58]

  • Balyan tribe[59]
  • Bezikan tribe
  • Canbegan tribe
  • Cikkan tribe
  • Culur tribe
  • Çerkezan tribe
  • Dersim tribe
  • Dirişan tribe
  • Ferşatan tribe
  • Gavuz tribe
  • Haciyan tribe
  • Hacimehmedan tribe
  • Hidiri tribe
  • Hidisor tribe (Alevi)
  • Izol tribe
  • Karalos tribe
  • Kavi tribe (Alevi and Hanafi)
  • Kirvar tribe
  • Kurdan tribe
  • Melikzade tribe
  • Mikri tribe
  • Mirdesan tribe
  • Pirvan tribe
  • Poliklos tribe
  • Reşwan tribe
  • Rumyan tribe
  • Sinemilli tribe (Alevi)[60]
  • Ziran tribe

Ağrı Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Ağrı Province and are all Shafi‘i:[61]

  • Berjeri tribe
  • Jalali tribe
  • Hasenan tribe
  • Haydaran tribe
  • Memani tribe
  • Sipkan tribe[62]
  • Zilan tribe

Batman Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Batman Province and are all Shafi‘i:[63]

  • Alikan tribe
  • Belekan tribe
  • Beleki tribe
  • Berikan tribe
  • Hiyan tribe
  • Malabini tribe
  • Malaşeref tribe
  • Musi tribe
  • Rammam tribe
  • Receban tribe
  • Reşkotan tribe
  • Sarmi tribe
  • Sinikan tribe
  • Sinka tribe

Bingöl Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Bingöl Province:[64]

Bitlis Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Bitlis Province and are all Shafi‘i:[66]

  • Alikan tribe
  • Atmakan tribe
  • Duban tribe
  • Celali tribe
  • Dimbilan tribe
  • Duderiyan tribe
  • Hevedan tribe
  • Keşkoliyan tribe
  • Mamediyan tribe
  • Makso tribe
  • Muhacir tribe
  • Motikan tribe[67]
  • Neceman tribe
  • Parsink tribe
  • Taplar tribe
  • Tarlan tribe
  • Velo tribe

Black Sea and Marmara Regions[edit]

The following tribes are present in the Black Sea Region and Marmara Region:

Central Anatolia Region[edit]

The following tribes are present in Central Anatolia Region and are all Hanafi unless noted:

Diyarbakır Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Diyarbakır Province and are all Shafi‘i:[81]

  • Bekirhan tribe
  • Bedikan tribe
  • Çaruma tribe
  • Dodikan tribe
  • Hancuk tribe
  • Hasani tribe
  • Hevedan tribe
  • Hiyan tribe
  • Izol tribe
  • Keşko tribe
  • Kulp tribe
  • Mendan tribe
  • Narik tribe
  • Omeran tribe
  • Paşur tribe
  • Peçari tribe
  • Şeyhdoda tribe
  • Zahori tribe

Elazığ Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Elazığ Province and are all Hanafi unless noted:[82]

Erzincan Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Erzincan Province and are all Alevi:[89]

  • Abasan tribe
  • Abdalan tribe
  • Alan tribe
  • Aril tribe
  • Aşuran tribe
  • Atman tribe[90]
  • Balaban tribe
  • Bal tribe
  • Çarik tribe
  • Çerek tribe
  • Derviş Cemal tribe
  • Haydaran tribe
  • Keçelan tribe
  • Keman tribe
  • Kieven tribe
  • Koçgiri tribe
  • Komsor tribe
  • Kureşan tribe
  • Lolan tribe
  • Mazgan tribe
  • Menikan tribe
  • Pulan tribe
  • Putikan tribe
  • Rotan tribe
  • Suleyman tribe
  • Şadiyan tribe
  • Şeyhhasan tribe
  • Şevelan tribe
  • Xormekan tribe

Erzurum Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Erzurum Province:[91]

Gaziantep Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Gaziantep Province and are all Hanafi unless noted:[92]

Greater Kars Provinces[edit]

The following tribes are present in Ardahan Province, Kars Province and Iğdır Province (one province until 1993) and are all Shafi‘i unless noted:[94]

Gümüşhane Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Gümüşhane Province and are all Alevi:[95]

  • Abasan tribe
  • Abdalan tribe
  • Arel tribe
  • Butkan tribe
  • Koçgiri tribe[citation needed]
  • Kureşan tribe
  • Lolan tribe
  • Şeyhhasan tribe
  • Xormekan tribe

Hakkâri Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Hakkâri Province and are all Shafi‘i:[96]

  • Diri tribe
  • Doski tribe
  • Ertuşi tribe
  • Gerdi tribe
  • Gravi tribe[97]
  • Guyan tribe
  • Herki tribe
  • Humara tribe
  • Jirki tribe
  • Kaşuri tribe
  • Oramar tribe
  • Pinyaniş tribe
  • Selahiye tribe
  • Zerzan tribe

Kahramanmaraş Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Kahramanmaraş Province and are all Alevi unless noted:[98]

  • Alhas tribe
  • Atman tribe (Alevi and Shafi‘i)
  • Avdalan tribe
  • Canbegan tribe[99]
  • Celikan tribe (Shafi‘i)
  • Çığrasan tribe
  • Hidiran tribe (Shafi‘i)
  • Kiliçli tribe
  • Koçgiri tribe
  • Mahkan tribe
  • Resulan tribe
  • Sinemilli tribe
  • Sultankorusu tribe (Alevi and Shafi‘i)
  • Şadiyan tribe
  • Şemsikan tribe
  • Zelikan tribe

Kilis Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Kilis Province and are all Hanafi:[100]

  • Delikan tribe

Malatya Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Malatya Province:[101]

Mardin Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Mardin Province and are all Shafi‘i:[105]

  • Abasan tribe
  • Allo tribe
  • Alyan tribe
  • Atman tribe
  • Barava tribe
  • Batiyan tribe
  • Batuvan tribe
  • Bereli tribe
  • Bileşki tribe
  • Bubelan tribe
  • Çayi tribe
  • Çelebi tribe[106]
  • Cemnehir tribe
  • Çemkari tribe
  • Çiti tribe
  • Dekkori tribe
  • Dekşori tribe
  • Delikan tribe
  • Dere tribe
  • Deştiguvar tribe
  • Dudiran tribe
  • Dubilan tribe
  • Dumili tribe
  • Erolyan tribe
  • Gençoi tribe
  • Gocikan tribe
  • Hasenan tribe
  • Hasinan tribe
  • Hasuna tribe
  • Helecan tribe
  • Herikan tribe
  • Heverkan tribe (Yazidi)
  • Hidiran tribe
  • Ispirti tribe
  • Kalendernan tribe
  • Kica Hasinan tribe
  • Kiçan tribe
  • Kicani Omerhan tribe
  • Kiççani Şemsan tribe
  • Kikan tribe
  • Kiki tribe
  • Lef tribe
  • Mahalye tribe
  • Mahmudan tribe
  • Mazidag tribe
  • Meman tribe
  • Metinan tribe
  • Milan tribe
  • Mişkan tribe
  • Musa Reşşan tribe
  • Omergan tribe
  • Pinarli tribe
  • Rutan tribe
  • Selikan tribe
  • Sofnan tribe
  • Sorkan tribe
  • Şeyhan tribe
  • Temikan tribe
  • Teyyani Kervan tribe
  • Teryani Reşit tribe
  • Zivikan tribe

Muş Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Muş Province and are all Shafi‘i unless noted:[107]

  • Badikan tribe
  • Bekiran tribe
  • Bonaki tribe
  • Bozikan tribe
  • Cibran tribe
  • Çeçen tribe (see Chechen Kurds, Hanafi and Shafi‘i)
  • Çerek tribe (Hanafi and Shafi‘i)
  • Çukur tribe
  • Elmali tribe
  • Halefbey tribe
  • Hasenan tribe
  • Haydaran tribe
  • Heridi tribe
  • Hiyan tribe
  • Hizan tribe
  • Huyut tribe
  • Jalali tribe
  • Lezgi tribe (Hanafi and Shafi‘i)
  • Lolan tribe (Alevi)
  • Parsink tribe
  • Rektan tribe
  • Savdan tribe
  • Top tribe
  • Zamanağa tribe

Siirt Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Siirt Province and are all Shafi‘i:[108]

  • Adiyan tribe
  • Alikan tribe
  • Babusi tribe
  • Dudiran tribe
  • Gerisan tribe
  • Çirri tribe
  • Davudiyan tribe
  • Keşkolan tribe
  • Malabini tribe
  • Mehmediyan tribe
  • Itmankan tribe
  • Pencenar tribe
  • Poran tribe
  • Silokan tribe
  • Soran tribe
  • Şakiran tribe
  • Usturikan tribe

Sivas Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Sivas Province and are all Alevi:[109]

  • Atman tribe[110]
  • Canbegan tribe
  • Direjan tribe
  • Kirmeş tribe
  • Koçgiri tribe (see Koçgiri rebellion)
  • Pevizan tribe
  • Sinemilli tribe[111]
  • Şadiyan tribe
  • Zerikan tribe

Şanlıurfa Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Şanlıurfa Province:[112]

Şırnak Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Şırnak Province and are all Shafi‘i:[113]

  • Batuvan tribe
  • Ertuşi tribe
  • Gerdi tribe
  • Guyan tribe
  • Hacibayram tribe
  • Jirki tribe
  • Kiçan tribe
  • Şırnak tribe
  • Tayan tribe

Tunceli Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Tunceli Province and are all Alevi:[114]

  • Abasan tribe
  • Alan tribe
  • Arel tribe
  • Aslanan tribe
  • Aşuran tribe
  • Bamasoran tribe
  • Bahtiyaran tribe
  • Balaban tribe
  • Balçikan tribe
  • Balan tribe
  • Bermaz tribe
  • Beytan tribe
  • Bezger tribe
  • Çarekan tribe
  • Demenan tribe
  • Ferhadan tribe
  • Haydaran tribe
  • Hiran tribe
  • Izol tribe
  • Kalan tribe
  • Keman tribe
  • Karabal tribe
  • Karsan tribe
  • Keçelan tribe
  • Kekektirvan tribe
  • Kirgan tribe
  • Kureşan tribe
  • Laçin tribe
  • Lolan tribe
  • Maksudan tribe
  • Mestan tribe
  • Pilvankan tribe
  • Piran tribe
  • Qirxan tribe[115]
  • Qoçan tribe
  • Rutan tribe
  • Semkan tribe
  • Seyitalan tribe
  • Sisan tribe
  • Sûran tribe
  • Şadiyan tribe
  • Şavak tribe (Alevi and Hanafi)
  • Şavan tribe
  • Şeyhhasan tribe
  • Şeyhmahmutlu tribe
  • Xormekan tribe
  • Yusufan tribe

Van Province[edit]

The following tribes are present in Van Province and are all Shafi‘i:[116]

  • Adaman tribe
  • Alan tribe
  • Asiyan tribe
  • Buriki tribe
  • Botan tribe
  • Ertuşi tribe
  • Ezdinan tribe
  • Geloi tribe
  • Hacidiran tribe
  • Haydaran tribe
  • Kureşin tribe
  • Manhuran tribe
  • Meleyan tribe
  • Memani tribe
  • Milan tribe
  • Pinyaniş tribe
  • Shekak tribe
  • Şemsikan tribe
  • Takuri tribe

Historical tribes[edit]

Notes[edit]

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