|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2011)|
|Founded||Kaimuki, Hawaii, USA (1916)|
Kaimuki, Hawaii, USA (1916-1952, 1953-Present),Waianae, Hawaii (1952-1953))
|Samuel Kamaka, Sr. (Founder), Samuel Kamaka, Jr., Frederick Kamaka|
Number of employees
Kamaka Hawaii, Incorporated, also known as Kamaka Ukulele or just Kamaka is a family-owned Hawaii-based maker of ukuleles. It is often credited with producing some of the world's finest ukuleles, and created the first pineapple ukulele.
Kamaka was founded in 1916 by Samuel Kaialiilii Kamaka, who had been already making koa ukuleles since the beginning of the century. The first shop was called "Kamaka Ukulele and Guitar Works" and was run out of Samuel Kamaka's basement. In 1921 Kamaka opened a store in the town of Kaimuki, near Honolulu. Kamaka already had a reputation for making high-quality instruments, and the shop was a success.
The Pineapple Ukulele
In the 1920s, Samuel Kamaka started making a new design of ukulele, which produced a more mellow sound than that of a normal figure-eight shaped ukulele. His friends are said to have commented that this new ukulele looked like a pineapple, and one of Samuel's friends, an artist, painted an image of a pineapple on the front of the new ukulele. The new shape immediately became popular, and in 1928 Kamaka was awarded a patent on the pineapple ukulele.
Kamaka and Sons
Samuel Kamaka had two sons, Samuel Jr. and Frederick, and when the boys were just in grade school he began to teach them the art of crafting ukuleles. In 1945 the company reorganized as "Kamaka and Sons Enterprises", but when both Kamaka boys were drafted to fight in World War II, ukulele making took a back seat. When the boys returned from the war, Samuel Jr. and Frederick attended Washington State University, and later got a job in the Army. Samuel Jr. earned a masters degree and pursued a doctorate in entomology from Oregon State University.
Kamaka is handed down
Samuel Kamaka semi-retired early in 1952 due to illness and went to the family estate in Waianae to make ukuleles. He died in December 1953, after a 40 year career in ukulele craft. Upon his father's death, Samuel Jr. abandoned his studies, instead choosing to continue the family business. He restored the company to its original location in Kaimuki, and expanded the company in 1959. Kamaka and Sons incorporated in 1968, and in 1972 Frederick became the general manager. Kamaka is still family-owned by Samuel Jr. and Frederick Sr. Their sons run the day-to-day operations. Samuel Jr.'s son Chris is the Production Manager and son Casey is the luthier. Frederick Sr.'s son Frederick Jr. is the Business Manager. Chris' sons Dustin and Christopher also work in the factory.
Samuel Kamaka Jr. was active in the local luthier scene; along with friend George Gilmore (of the Guitar and Lute Workshop), they created the Lute Society. Together, they taught night courses in lute and guitar construction techniques from 1966 to 1970.
Employment of people with disabilities
In 1955, Kamaka first hired disabled employees, a time at which the disabled were viewed as unable to work. Two hearing-impaired individuals were hired as craftsmen, and were found to be exemplary workers, because of their enhanced sense of touch, which allowed them to craft better ukuleles, able to feel the thickness of the wood.
In 1999 Kamaka held a retirement celebration for two master craftsman who had been with the company for over 40 years; both were deaf since birth.
Kamaka Hawaii makes nine separate models of ukulele, all made with koa wood.
- Standard (soprano) (HF-1)
- Standard Pineapple (soprano) (HP-1)
- Concert (HF-2)
- Tenor four-string (HF-3)
- Tenor six-string (HF-36)
- Tenor eight-string (HF-38)
- Baritone (HF-4)
- Standard Deluxe (HF-1D)
- Concert Bell Deluxe (HB-2D)
Also, there is an option on all models except the HF-4 and HB-2D for a "long neck" (concert neck on a soprano, tenor neck on a concert, etc).
Kamaka ukuleles are endorsed by a number of professional musicians including ukulele prodigy Jake Shimabukuro. Shimabukuro, who achieved popular recognition following the performance of his arrangement of George Harrison's 'While My Guitar Gently Weeps', plays a Kamaka 4-string tenor ukulele custom built to his specification by the luthiers at Kamaka's workshop. The instrument features solid master-grade Hawaiian curly koa wood and a Fishman pickup.
George Harrison was also fond of the Kamaka ukulele; he played the concert, the tenor 6-string and tenor 8-string. According to one music store on Maui, Hawaii, Harrison would purchase all the Kamaka ukuleles in stock to give to his friends as gifts.
Adam Sandler played a Kamaka ukulele in the movie 50 First Dates. The ukulele was a custom 6-string Kamaka designed to Sandler's specifications. It appears in the movie's official poster and on the cover of the DVD and soundtrack, although the ukulele was digitally modified to resemble a 4-string.
Awards, honors, and recognitions
- Recognition award for "Outstanding and reliable service" from the Better Business Bureau of Hawaii (1988)
- "Outstanding Employer of Persons with Disabilities Award" presented by the State of Hawaii Vocational Rehabilitation and Services for the Blind Division (1990)
- Sam Kamaka Jr. and Fred Kamaka Sr. selected as the Hawaiian Business Persons of the Year and given 'O'o Award from the Hawaiian Business/Professional Association (now known as the Native Hawaiian Chamber of Commerce) (1992)
- Honolulu Mayor Frank Fasi proclaims April 30, 1992 as "Samuel and Frederick Kamaka Day." (1992)
- Hawaii Governor John Waihee awards Sam Jr. and Fred Sr. with certificates of commendation. Recognizing Sam Jr. is as "one of the legends of the music industry" and "one of Hawaii's favorite sons." (1992)
- Kamaka Hawaii receives the Holo I Mua Award for Excellence from the Better Business Bureau of Hawaii (now "Torch Award for Business Ethics"). In 77 years of manufacturing, no customer complaints were lodged against the company. (1993)
- Hawaiian state Legislature recognizes the Kamaka brothers and their company for "making fine ukuleles esteemed throughout the world and thus preserving Hawaiian culture and contributing to world music." (1995)
- Samuel Kamaka Sr. inducted into the Ukulele Hall of Fame in Rhode Island. (2000)
- Sam Kamaka, Jr. receives the "Ukulele Treasure" award from the Ukulele Guild of Hawaii (2004)
- Tranquada, Jim (2012). The Ukulele: A History. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawai'i Press. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-8248-3634-4.
- Tranquada, Jim (2012). The Ukulele: A History. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawai'i Press. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-8248-3634-4.
- "Kamaka Ukuleles and Lute Society". Retrieved 2013-09-26.
- "Kamaka Ukulele--About Us". Retrieved 2009-04-21.