|Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos |
of All Armenians
|Church||Armenian Apostolic Church|
|See||Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin|
|Birth name||Ktrij Nersessian|
|Born||21 August 1951|
Voskehat, Armenian SSR, Soviet Union
|Education||University of Vienna|
|Coat of arms|
Catholicos Karekin II (Armenian: Գարեգին Բ) (born August 21, 1951) is Catholicos of All Armenians, the supreme head of the Armenian Apostolic Church. In 2013 he was unanimously elected the Oriental Orthodox head of the World Council of Churches for the next eight years.
Karekin II was born as Ktrij Nersessian in Voskehat, Armenia, on August 21, 1951. He entered the Gevorkian Theological Seminary at Echmiadzin in 1965 and graduated with honors in 1971. He was ordained to the diaconate in 1970. Later he became a monk and was ordained a priest in 1972. In the late 1970s the Catholicos of that period encouraged him to study outside of Armenia. This led to him continuing his studies in Vienna, Bonn University, and Zagorsk, Russia. On October 23, 1983, he was consecrated bishop at Echmiadzin. He became an archbishop in 1992.
In 1988 Karekin took an active role in helping his people overcome the Armenian earthquake. He oversaw the construction of a number of churches and schools in Armenia. He also showed an interest in using modern technology and telecommunications to help the life of his churches as well as dealing with the legacies of the Soviet era.
On 27 October 1999 he was elected the 132nd Catholicos of All Armenians at the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, succeeding Karekin I. His relations with Pope John Paul II were generally positive. When the Pope visited Armenia in 2001, he stayed with the Catholicos.
In 2006 Karekin made a week-long visit to Istanbul, Turkey, to meet with Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I and to visit the city's Armenian community. During his visit he caused controversy by speaking out about the Armenian Genocide, which Turkey vehemently denies, and insisting on its recognition by Turkey.
His ecumenical trip to India to meet Baselios Thoma Didymos I, Catholicos of the East in November 2008, helped strengthen relations between the Armenian and Indian Orthodox Churches. The delegates to the 10th General Assembly of the World Council of Churches that took place in Busan, South Korea, on November 4, unanimously elected Catholicos of All Armenians Karekin II, the supreme patriarch and head of the Armenian Apostolic Church, head of the organization for the next eight years.
On 26 June 2016, Catholicos Karekin and Pope Francis signed a joint declaration on the family. It stated that the secularization of society and its "alienation from the spiritual and divine" are damaging to the family, and affirmed that the Catholic and Armenian Apostolic churches share a marriage–based view of the family. The declaration also took note of various positive steps taken towards unity between the two leaders' churches, and "acknowledged the successful 'new phase' in relations" between them. It also lamented "immense tragedy" of the widespread persecution of Christians in the Middle East; the Pope and the Catholicos prayed "for a change of heart in all those who commit such crimes and those who are in a position to stop the violence".
- Legion of Honour (France, 2001)
- Order of Friendship (Russia, 2006)
- Order of the Star of Romania
- Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (Ukraine, 2001)
- Order of St. Thomas (India, 2008)
- Honorary member of the Armenian National Academy of Sciences
- Von Voss, Huberta. Portraits of Hope: Armenians in the Contemporary World. p. 123.
- Schworm, Peter (2007-10-08). "Armenian church leader brings touch of grace: Karekin II urges N.E. to protect faith, identity". The Boston Globe.
- Schneible, Ann (26 June 2016). "Pope Francis and Catholicos Karekin II Sign Joint Declaration on Family, Unity and Solidarity". National Catholic Register. EWTN News, Inc. Retrieved 27 June 2016 – via EWTN News / Catholic News Agency.
- Армянский католикос получил орден Почётного легиона
- Путин наградил Католикоса всех армян Гарегина II орденом Дружбы
- "Гарегин II получил украинский орден Ярослава Мудрого". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2016-06-25.
- "Order Of St. Thomas". www.notknowingyourhistoryisnotknowingyourself.wordpress.com.
|Oriental Orthodox titles|
| Catholicos of the Holy See of St. Echmiadzin and All Armenians