|Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos |
of All Armenians
|Church||Armenian Apostolic Church|
|See||Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin|
|Appointed||October 27, 1999|
21 August 1951
|Education||University of Vienna|
Catholicos Garegin II (Armenian: Գարեգին Բ, also spelled Karekin; born 21 August 1951) is the Catholicos of All Armenians, the supreme head of the Armenian Apostolic Church, since 1999. In 2013 he was unanimously elected the Oriental Orthodox head of the World Council of Churches for the next eight years.
Garegin II was born as Ktrij Nersessian in Voskehat, Armenia, on 21 August 1951. He entered the Gevorkian Theological Seminary at Echmiadzin in 1965 and graduated with honours in 1971. He was ordained to the diaconate in 1970. Later he became a monk and was ordained a priest in 1972. In the late 1970s the Catholicos of that period encouraged him to study outside of Armenia. This led to him continuing his studies in Vienna, Bonn University, and Zagorsk, Russia. On 23 October 1983, he was consecrated bishop at Echmiadzin. He became an archbishop in 1992.
In 1988 Garegin took an active role in helping his people overcome the Armenian earthquake. He oversaw the construction of a number of churches and schools in Armenia. He also showed an interest in using modern technology and telecommunications to help the life of his churches as well as dealing with the legacies of the Soviet era.
On 27 October 1999 he was elected the 132nd Catholicos of All Armenians at the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, succeeding Karekin I. His relations with Pope John Paul II were generally positive. When the Pope visited Armenia in 2001, he stayed with the Catholicos.
The delegates to the 10th General Assembly of the World Council of Churches that took place in Busan, South Korea, on 4 November, unanimously elected Catholicos of All Armenians Garegin II, the supreme patriarch and head of the Armenian Apostolic Church, head of the organisation for the next eight years.
On 26 June 2016, Catholicos Garegin and Pope Francis signed a joint declaration on the family. It stated that the secularisation of society and its "alienation from the spiritual and divine" are damaging to the family, and affirmed that the Catholic and Armenian Apostolic churches share a marriage–based view of the family. The declaration also took note of various positive steps taken towards unity between the two leaders' churches, and "acknowledged the successful 'new phase' in relations" between them. It also lamented "immense tragedy" of the widespread persecution of Christians in the Middle East; the Pope and the Catholicos prayed "for a change of heart in all those who commit such crimes and those who are in a position to stop the violence".
- Legion of Honour (France, 2001)
- Order of Friendship (Russia, 2006)
- Order of the Star of Romania
- Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (Ukraine, 2001)
- Order of St. Thomas (India, 2008)
- Honorary member of the Armenian National Academy of Sciences
- Von Voss, Huberta (June 2007). Portraits of Hope: Armenians in the Contemporary World. Berghahn Books. p. 123. ISBN 9781845452575.
- Schworm, Peter (2007-10-08). "Armenian church leader brings touch of grace: Karekin II urges N.E. to protect faith, identity". The Boston Globe.
- Schneible, Ann (26 June 2016). "Pope Francis and Catholicos Karekin II Sign Joint Declaration on Family, Unity and Solidarity". National Catholic Register. EWTN News, Inc. Archived from the original on 25 December 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2016 – via EWTN News / Catholic News Agency.
- Армянский католикос получил орден Почётного легиона
- Путин наградил Католикоса всех армян Гарегина II орденом Дружбы
- "Гарегин II получил украинский орден Ярослава Мудрого". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2016-06-25.
- "Order Of St. Thomas". www.notknowingyourhistoryisnotknowingyourself.wordpress.com. 16 September 2018.