Karl-Jesko von Puttkamer
|Karl-Jesko von Puttkamer|
von Puttkamer in 1943
24 March 1900|
|Died||4 March 1981
Plot 459—Row W—Grave 28
|Allegiance|| German Empire (to 1918)
Weimar Republic (to 1933)
|Years of service||1917–45|
|Commands held||Z10 Hans Lody|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Puttkamer was born in Frankfurt (Oder) and was a member of the Puttkamer family, related to Otto von Bismarck's wife. He joined the Imperial German Navy as an officer cadet in 1917 and served on a heavy cruiser in World War I.
Puttkamer enlisted during World War I on 2 July 1917 as a volunteer in the Imperial Navy's 'Seeoffizierslaufbahn regiment.
In December 1917 he served on the battleship Kaiserin. In the final months of the war, Puttkamer graduated at the Naval Academy Mürwik in a navigation course. He then took leave and joined the Freikorps.
After World War I
In September 1926, he became commander of the torpedo boat Albatros under Karl Dönitz, a position he would hold until October 1930, where he was promoted to lieutenant-commander of the torpedo boat Adler.
After Puttkamer had been given command of the SMS Adler, he studied and in 1933 graduated as a naval liaison officer from the Mürwik Naval Academy. Shortly after this, he served as naval adjutant to the General Staff until June 1935. In July 1935, he was transferred to the staff of the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy. Puttkamer served as Hitler's naval adjutant until June 1938, when he was transferred to active service.
World War II
Immediately prior to the outbreak of World War II in Europe, he was the captain of a destroyer. After the war began, he returned to the role of naval adjutant to Hitler. Later in September 1943 he was promoted to Konteradmiral. Puttkamer was injured on 20 July 1944 when the bomb exploded during the 20 July plot attempt to kill Hitler and was awarded the 20 July Wound Badge.
Hitler's final days
On 20 April 1945, Hitler told his staff:
"The situation during the last few days has changed to such an extent that I am forced to reduce my staff."
On 20 April, Puttkamer, Dr. Theodor Morell, Dr. Hugo Blaschke, Albert Bormann, secretaries Johanna Wolf, Christa Schroeder and several others were ordered by Hitler to leave Berlin by aircraft for the Obersalzberg. The group flew out of Berlin on different flights by aircraft of the Fliegerstaffel des Führers over the following three days. Puttkamer's flight left Berlin on 21 April. Puttkamer was ordered to the Berghof to destroy Hitler's papers and personal belongings there. Therefore, Puttkamer was not with Hitler during his final few days in the Führerbunker. Following the German surrender on 8 May 1945, Puttkamer was held in captivity until May 1947.
- Hamilton, Charles (1984). Leaders & Personalities of the Third Reich, Vol. 1. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 0-912138-27-0.
- Joachimsthaler, Anton (1999) . The Last Days of Hitler: The Legends, The Evidence, The Truth. Brockhampton Press. ISBN 1-86019-902-X.
- Kershaw, Ian (2008). Hitler: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-06757-2.
- Vinogradov, V. K. (2005). Hitler's Death: Russia's Last Great Secret from the Files of the KGB. Chaucer Press. ISBN 978-1-904449-13-3.