Katherine Neville, Duchess of Norfolk

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Katherine Neville
Duchess of Norfolk
Bornc. 1397
Diedc. August 1483 (aged 85–86)
Epworth, Lincolnshire
SpouseJohn Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk
(m. 1412, d. 1432)
Thomas Strangeways
(m. aft. 1432, d. bef. 1442)
John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont
(m. 1442, d. 1460)
John Woodville
(m. 1465, d. 1469)
IssueJohn Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk
Joan Strangeways
Catherine Strangeways
FatherRalph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland
MotherJoan Beaufort

Katherine Neville (c. 1397 – late summer 1483) was a medieval English noblewoman, the eldest daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, and his second wife Joan Beaufort.[1] Through her mother, she was a granddaughter of John of Gaunt[2] and a great-granddaughter of King Edward III.

First marriage[edit]

On 12 January 1412, Katherine was married at the age of 15 to John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (1392–1432). Their only known child was John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (1415–1461).

Second marriage[edit]

Katherine married for a second time to Thomas Strangeways (c. 1395-before 1442)[3] - they had 2 daughters:

Third marriage[edit]

She married for a third time to John, Viscount Beaumont, in 1442, who was killed in 1460 at the battle of Northampton.[7] He was also the first viscount in England.

Fourth marriage[edit]

Her fourth and last marriage in 1465 was infamous, known by contemporaries as the "diabolical marriage".[8] She married John Woodville, brother of Queen Elizabeth. Chronicler William Worcester referred to the match as being rotting revenge for both parties "vindicta Bernardi inter cosdem postem putrit".[7] He was 19 years old at the time of their marriage, while she was about 68. Nonetheless, she survived him, as he was executed in 1469 after the Battle of Edgecote, on the orders of her nephew Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, during a Lancastrian rebellion against Edward IV. Whether or not she was forced into her final marriage against her will is unclear, but the unsavoury details added to the deep dislike of the Queen's family among the ruling class, which greatly weakened the Yorkist dynasty.[9]


She was still alive in 1483, having survived all her children. She was last seen in public at the coronation of her nephew, Richard III.[10]



  1. ^ Archer 2008.
  2. ^ Green., 82
  3. ^ Douglas Richardson, Kimball G. Everingham, Plantagenet ancestry: a study in colonial and medieval families, Genealogical Publishing Com, 2004
  4. ^ Bruce Harrison, The Family Forest Descendants of Lady Joan Beaufort, Millisecond Publishing Company, Inc, pp 15, 34
  5. ^ "Descent of Herbert Clark Hoover from Edward III". Archived from the original on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  6. ^ a b c Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2nd Edition, 2011
  7. ^ a b Cokayne, George E. (George Edward); Howard de Walden, Thomas Evelyn Scott-Ellis; Warrand, Duncan; Gibbs, Vicary; Doubleday, H. Arthur (Herbert Arthur); White, Geoffrey H. (Geoffrey Henllan) (1910). The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom : extant, extinct, or dormant. Harold B. Lee Library. London : The St. Catherine Press, ltd.
  8. ^ Weir, Alison "Lancaster and York" Arrow Books 1996 p.331
  9. ^ Ross, Charles Edward IV Eyre and Methuen 1974 p.93
  10. ^ Ross p.93


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