|Minister for Foreign Affairs|
30 October 1952 – 9 December 1954
|Prime Minister||Shigeru Yoshida|
|Preceded by||Shigeru Yoshida|
|Succeeded by||Mamoru Shigemitsu|
|Chief Cabinet Secretary|
6 May 1950 – 26 December 1951
|Prime Minister||Shigeru Yoshida|
|Preceded by||Kaneshichi Masuda|
|Succeeded by||Shigeru Hori|
|Chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Council|
5 January 1942 – 1 August 1943
|Preceded by||John Hellyer Liddell|
|Succeeded by||Council disbanded|
|Born||10 July 1897|
|Died||10 October 1965 (aged 68)|
|Political party||Liberal Democratic Party (1955–1963)|
|Democratic Liberal Party (1949–1950)|
Liberal Party (1950–1955)
|Alma mater||Tokyo Imperial University|
Katsuo Okazaki (岡崎 勝男 Okazaki Katsuo, 10 July 1897 – 10 October 1965) was a Japanese sportsman, diplomat and political figure. He served as the Japanese foreign minister in the 1950s. He was also the final – and only Japanese – chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Council.
Okazaki was born on 10 July 1897 in Kanagawa, Japan. He was the 10th son of Yasunosuke Okazaki. He studied law at the University of Tokyo and then joined the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Okazaki participated in the 1924 Paris Olympic Summer Games, qualifying for the 5,000 m final with a time of 15.22.2e. In the final, he fainted in the heatwave and was carried away by medics. He had much success at the Far Eastern Championship Games, winning the mile run at the 1921 Games then doing a middle-distance double in the mile and 880 yards at the 1923 event in Osaka.
He also served in numerous positions in China during the 1930s, including serving as Japanese Consul-General in Nanjing after the Fall of Nanking to the Imperial Japanese Army and during the Nanking Massacre. In 1938, he was serving as Japanese Consul General in Canton. In October 1939 was appointed Japanese Consul at Hong Kong, a position he held until January 1941.
Shanghai Municipal Council
In early January 1942 he was appointed as Chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Council after the British and American members resigned following the commencement of the Pacific War and the occupation of the Shanghai International Settlement by Japanese troops. He served until 1943 when the Council was disbanded.
Surrender of Japan
Okazaki took part in the surrender negotiations between the Japanese emissaries and American military officials on Iejima in 1945. He was present as a representative of Japan at the formal surrender on 2 September 1945 aboard the USS Missouri.
Post-war political and diplomatic career
In 1952, he was appointed Foreign Minister and served in that position until 1954. In 1954, building on work by Ikeda, Okazaki signed a Mutual Security Assistance (MSA) Agreement with U.S. Ambassador John Allison.
In 1961 he was called out of retirement to serve in the United Nations in what was described at the time as a move to strengthen the Japanese delegation. He served as Japan's delegate to the United Nations from April 1961 to July 1963.
Okazaki died on 10 October 1965 in Tokyo of a stomach ulcer at the age of 68.
Okazaki was married to Shimako with whom he had a son, Taro, and a daughter, Yoshiko.
- 『第廿一版 人事興信録 上』
- Obituary, New York Times, Oct 12, 1965, p47
- Sports Reference for Katsuo Okazaki https://www.sports-reference.com/olympics/athletes/ok/katsuo-okazaki-1.html
- Raevuori, Antero (1997). Paavo Nurmi, juoksijoiden kuningas (in Finnish) (2nd ed.). WSOY. p. 174. ISBN 951-0-21850-2.
- Far Eastern Championships. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-12-18.
- T Maga, Judgment at Tokyo: The Japanese War Crimes Trials, p. 41
- China Monthly Review Volume 86, page 422
- Hong Kong Government Gazette, October 25, 1939
- New York Times, Jan 9, 1942, p4
- Geffard, Sydney (1997). Japan Among the Powers, 1890-1990. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-06891-7. ISBN 0-300-06891-3.
- Washington Post, October 12, 1965, pC4
- Yoshiko's name could possibly be Toshiko. Obituary, New York Times, Oct 12, 1965, p47 The New York Times' obituary referred to Okazaki's daughter as "Toshiko". Other articles refer to her as Yoshiko or Yoshi. See for example New York Times, "FIGURE SKATING; High Hopes in a Tough Season", January 5, 1998. Her mother's name in Japanese is "淑子" which can be read either Yoshiko or Toshiko. See: http://olympico.cocolog-nifty.com/olympic_plus/2005/10/33_45b1.html
- Sports Reference for Kyoko Ina https://www.sports-reference.com/olympics/athletes/in/kyoko-ina-1.html
|House of Representatives of Japan|
| Chair, Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives of Japan
| Chief Cabinet Secretary
| Minister for Foreign Affairs
|New office|| Director, Intelligence and Analysis Service of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Japan
|Consulate evacuated|| Japanese Consul General to Guangzhou
| Japanese Consul General to Hong Kong
|N/A|| Japanese Consul General to Kolkata
| Japanese Ambassador to the United Nations