Breadfield

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Miklós Nagy: The Breadfield (1870).

The Breadfield (Romanian: Câmpul Pâinii, Hungarian: Kenyérmező, German: Brodfeld, Turkish: Ekmekoltağı) is a region in southwest Transylvania (Romania), between Orăştie (Szászváros) and Sebeş (Szászsebes) in the Transylvanian Saxon land, near the Mureş River. The central settlement is Cugir (Hungarian: Kudzsir, German: Kudschir, Turkish: Kuçir).

The Cugir Creek's old Magyar name is Kenyér (bread), which gave rise to the name Breadfield. The region's borders to the south are the Cugir Mountains, to the north the Mureș, to the west Hunedoara County, and to the east the Sebeș River.

The area is a fertile plain. Formerly, Breadfield's population was largely Saxons, but today it is chiefly Romanians. In 1479 the Transylvanians scored a victory over the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Breadfield (near Șibot). In remembrance of the victory Stephen V Báthory built a chapel.

Settlements of Breadfield
  • Vințu de Jos (hung. Alvinc, ger. Unterwintz or Winzendorf)
  • Pianul de Jos (hung. Alsópián, Szászpián, Romanian Chian, ger. Deutschpien or Deutschpian)
  • Săliștea (hung. Tartaria, later Alsótatárlaka,, in 1310 Oláhárkos and Szászárkos or -erkes, in 1488 Grebencsin)
  • Săliștea (a different town from the above-mentioned settlement; sometime Cioara, hung. Alsócsóra)
  • Balomiru de Câmp (hung. Balomir)
  • Șibot (hung. Alkenyér or Zsibotalkenyér, ger. Unterbrodsdorf)
  • Vinerea (hung. Felkenyér, ger. Oberbrodsdorf)
  • Cugir
  • Aurel Vlaicu (previously Binținți, hung. Bencenc, ger. Benzendorf. the location of the Breadfield Battle)
  • Pișchinți (hung. Piskinc)
  • Vaidei (hung. Vajdej, ger. Weidendorf)
  • Romos (hung. Romosz, ger. Rumes)
  • Gelmar (hung. Gyalmár)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°55′42″N 23°19′44″E / 45.92833°N 23.32889°E / 45.92833; 23.32889