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In the accounts of ibn Khordadbeh and other Muslim writers, Khamlij or Khamlidj refers to the capital of the Khazars. Most scholars agree that Khamlij is the Khazar city of Atil. However, no source positively identifies one with the other; it is therefore possible that Khamlij was a specific district within Atil (as was Khazaran) or a separate city altogether.