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In the accounts of ibn Khordadbeh and other Muslim writers, Khamlij or Khamlidj refers to the capital of the Khazars. Most scholars agree that Khamlij is the Khazar city of Atil. However, no source positively identifies one with the other; it is therefore possible that Khamlij was a specific district within Atil (as was Khazaran) or a separate city altogether.

The name may be an Arabized version of the Turkic word khaganbaligh, or "city of the Khagan" (cf. Khanbaliq in China, which derives from the same etymology.)