King Boxer

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King Boxer
King-Boxer-poster.jpg
Traditional 天下第一拳
Simplified 天下第一拳
Mandarin Tiān xià dì yī quán
Cantonese Tin1 haa6 dai6 jat1 kyun4
Directed by Jeong Chang-hwa
Produced by Run-run Shaw
Screenplay by Chiang Yang
Starring
Music by Chen Yung-yu
Cinematography Wang Yung-lung
Edited by
  • Chiang Hsing-lung
  • Fan Kung-yung
Production
company
Release date
April 28, 1972
(Hong Kong)
Running time
97 minutes
Country Hong Kong
Language Mandarin
Box office $4 million (rentals)[1]

King Boxer (Chinese: Tiān xià dì yī quán, lit. "Number One Fist in the World"), aka Five Fingers of Death, is a 1972 martial arts film directed by Jeong Chang-hwa (鄭昌和 정창화) and starring Lo Lieh. It was produced by Shaw Brothers (HK) Ltd. (Chinese: 邵氏兄弟(香港)公司), the largest Hong Kong movie production studio at the time. The script was written by Chiang Yang (江陽). Made in Hong Kong, it is one of many kung fu-themed movies with Lo Lieh (羅烈) in the lead. He appeared in many similar efforts from the 1960s, pre-dating the more internationally successful Bruce Lee.

Released in the United States by Warner Bros. in March 1973 as Five Fingers of Death, the film capitalized on the success of Warner's TV series Kung Fu[2] and was responsible for beginning the North American kung fu film craze of the 1970s with over 30 similar films being released in the U.S. in 1973 alone. Warners followed it with the first U.S.-Chinese Kung Fu co-production Enter the Dragon released later that same year which was the most successful of the chopsocky films of 1973.[3]

Plot[edit]

A promising young martial arts student named Chi-Hao has spent most of his life studying under a master and has fallen in love with the master's daughter Yin-Yin. After the master fails to properly fight off a group of thugs, he sends Chi-Hao to study under a superior master, Shen Chin-Pei. He instructs Chi-Hao to learn from Chin-Pei and defeat the local martial arts tyrant, Ming Dung-Shun, in an upcoming tournament in order to earn Yin-Yin's hand.

Chi-Hao meets a young female singer, Yen Chu Hung, on the road to the city and rescues her from Dung-Shun's thugs. She falls in love with him, but he resists her advances with difficulty. He reaches town and begins studying under Suen Chin-Pei. After an initial beating by Chin-Pei's star pupil, Han Lung, Chi-Hao improves rapidly. One day, another thug of Dung-Shun's, Chen Lang, breaks into the school and beats all of Chin-Pei's students. Chin-Pei finally arrives and fights him, but is struck by a dishonorable blow and severely wounded. Chi-Hao tracks Chen Lang down and defeats him. When Chin-Pei hears of this, he selects Chi-Hao to receive his most deadly secret, the Iron Fist.

Han Lung discovers that Chi-Hao has been chosen as Chin-Pei's successor and becomes intensely jealous. He conspires with Dung-Shun to have Chi-Hao crippled. He lures Chi-Hao into the forest, where Dung-Shun's three new Japanese thugs ambush him. They overpower him and break his hands. Later, they visit his old master's school and kill him as well. Yen helps Chi-Hao recuperate and again tries to woo him, but he resists her. Finally, Chi-Hao's fellow students locate him and encourage him to regain his fighting spirit. He begins training and soon overcomes his wounds. Yin-Yin arrives, but withholds the news of her father's death. A rejuvenated Chi-Hao successfully defeats all the other students to become Chin-Pei's representative for the upcoming tournament. Han Lung returns to Dung-Shun with the news, but Dung-Shun's son blinds him and casts him out.

On the day of the tournament, a conscience-stricken Chen Lang warns Chi-Hao of the three Japanese thugs lying in ambush on the road to the arena. Chi-Hao fights the thugs killing two of them. Then Chen Lang arrives and holds off the head of the Japanese thugs so that Chi-Hao can get to the tournament on time. He arrives just in time and defeats Dung-Shun's son to win the tournament. Dung-Shun stabs and kills Chin-Pei in the midst of the celebration and departs. As Dung-Shun arrives back home, he discovers that all the lights are out. Han Lung appears in the darkened room and, guided by Yen's direction, fights Dung-Shun and his son. Han Lung blinds the son, who is then stabbed by his father in the confusion. Dung-Shun bursts out of the dark room and summons his minions who kill Han Lung and he himself kills Yen Chu Hung.

Chi-Hao arrives at Dung Shun's house, but Dung-Shun flees and commits suicide by stabbing himself before Chi-Hao can fight him. As he leaves, the chief Japanese thug arrives with Chen Lang's head. He and Chi-Hao face off. Chi-Hao uses his Iron Fist power, causing his hands to glow red, and delivers several powerful blows that send the thug smashing into a brick wall. With the thug defeated and killed, Chi-Hao, Yin-Yin, and Ta Ming departs.

Cast[edit]

  • Lo Lieh as Chao Chih-Hao
  • Wang Ping as Sung Ying Ying
  • Wong Gam-Fung/Wang Chin Feng as Singer Yen Chu-Hung
  • Tien Feng as Master Meng Tung-Shan
  • Tung Lam as Meng Tien-Hsiung
  • Fang Mian as Master Suen Hsin-Pei
  • Ku Wen-Chung as Master Sung Wu-Yang

Release[edit]

King Boxer was released in Hong Kong on April 28, 1972.
(Chang Chang-ho)[4] It was released in March 1973 in the United States as Five Fingers of Death.

Reception[edit]

In a contemporary review in the Monthly Film Bulletin, the review found that the trick effect in which characters leap into the air to land either in a tree or on the opposite side of an opponent become "somewhat tedious as the film progresses." However, "...the sheer panache of the staging and apparent enjoyment of the participants keep the narrative moving swiftly".[5]

In a retrospective review, AllMovie gave the film three stars out of five, stating the film was "not the best Kung fu movie the Shaw Brothers put out, but as an early entry it holds up surprisingly well for a genre getting its legs." The review noted that "a more unfortunate stereotype perpetuated by this and future films is the Japanese as primitive ape-like villains" and that the film "drags a bit on what are now tired Kung fu clichés, but the punchy spirit that made it popular still survives".[6]

In the U.S. and Canada, the film repeated its success in Europe[3] and earned $4 million in rentals, the second highest grossing film of the genre in the U.S. in 1973 after Enter the Dragon with rentals of $4.25 million.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Big Rental Films of 1973". Variety. January 9, 1974. p. 19. 
  2. ^ "Film Reviews - 5 Fingers of Death". Variety. March 21, 1973. p. 18. 
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Rage of Chop-Socky Films; Karate Breaks Out of Chinatown". Variety. January 9, 1974. p. 72. 
  4. ^ "Collection Items Online Catalogue [Note: Search for "King boxer"]". Hong Kong Film Archive. Retrieved May 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ Gillett, John (1972). "King Boxer". Monthly Film Bulletin. Vol. 39 no. 456. British Film Institute. p. 251. 
  6. ^ Buening, Michael. "Five Fingers of Death". AllMovie. Retrieved May 2, 2016. 

External links[edit]