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Bootham Crescent

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Bootham Crescent
One of the stands of the Bootham Crescent association football ground, with supporters waving flags
The David Longhurst Stand in 2009
Bootham Crescent is located in England
Bootham Crescent
Bootham Crescent
Location of Bootham Crescent
Full name Bootham Crescent
Location York, North Yorkshire, England
Coordinates 53°58′9.54″N 1°5′17.88″W / 53.9693167°N 1.0883000°W / 53.9693167; -1.0883000Coordinates: 53°58′9.54″N 1°5′17.88″W / 53.9693167°N 1.0883000°W / 53.9693167; -1.0883000
Owner York City F.C.
Operator York City F.C.
Capacity 7,872 (3,409 seated)
Record attendance 28,123
Field size 104 by 64 metres (114 by 70 yd)
Surface Grass
Construction
Built 1932
Opened 31 August 1932
Architect Ward & Leckenby
Tenants
York City F.C. (1932–present)

Bootham Crescent is an association football ground located in York, North Yorkshire, England, and is the home of York City Football Club. The ground is located near the centre of the city, just over a mile away from York railway station. It holds a capacity of 7,872.

York took Bootham Crescent on lease from York Cricket Club as a replacement for Fulfordgate, which was located on the outskirts of the city. The ground was constructed in four months, and officially opened on 31 August 1932. The record attendance of 28,123 was set in March 1938 for an FA Cup match against Huddersfield Town. During the Second World War, the Popular Stand was converted into an air-raid shelter, and the ground suffered slight damage when a bomb landed on houses at the Shipton Street End. York purchased Bootham Crescent for £4,075 in September 1948. Floodlights were fitted at the ground in 1959, but were replaced by ones twice as powerful in 1995. A number of improvements were made in the early 1980s, with a gymnasium, offices and a lounge for officials built.

The David Longhurst Stand opened in 1991 after a roof was erected on the Shipton Street End. It was named after former York player David Longhurst, who died during a match at the ground in 1990. Bootham Crescent first hosted football in the Football League from 1932 to 2004, when York were relegated into the Conference National. York were promoted back into the Football League in 2012. The ground was renamed KitKat Crescent in January 2005, owing to a sponsorship deal with Nestlé which lasted five years. York are expected to move to a community stadium at Monks Cross in Huntington for the 2017–18 season, and Bootham Crescent will be the site of 93 homes to be built by Persimmon.

Bootham Crescent has also held a match between a Football League XI and the Northern Command, neutral club matches, and a number of schoolboy and youth international matches. Other than football, it has hosted a music concert, a grand firework display, American football and rugby league matches, and beer festivals.

History[edit]

York City F.C. played at Fulfordgate from 1922 to 1932, in Fulford, on the southern outskirts of York.[1] It was difficult for most supporters to reach, being a good distance from the railway station, and the tram service to Fulford only had a single track.[2] Attendances declined in the club's second and third seasons in the Football League, which the directors blamed on Fulfordgate's location.[1] One director, G. W. Halliday, became convinced that the only solution was to move to a new ground.[3] Preliminary discussions and visits to Bootham Crescent took place, after York Cricket Club decided leave for a new ground at Wigginton Road.[3] The directors argued that renting Bootham Crescent would be cheaper than paying off the debts on Fulfordgate.[1] Further, Bootham Crescent was ideally situated near the centre of the city, and in a one-mile radius of it the population was 30,000, ten times that for a similar radius of Fulfordgate.[3]

One of the stands of the Bootham Crescent association football ground, with supporters waving flags and a grass field below
The David Longhurst Stand in 2007

The directors were unanimous that a change should be made, and a special meeting of the shareholders was held on 26 April 1932.[3] The move to Bootham Crescent was voted on, and the decision to take the ground on a 21-year lease was approved by 115 votes to 37.[4] The site of York's new home was of an irregular shape and was hemmed in from four sides, with a narrow track to the south, barracks to the west, a school and almhouses to the north and terraced houses to the east.[1] Nonetheless, the grounds of the city's football, cricket and rugby league teams were now within a few hundred yards of each other.[1] The ground was renovated over the summer of 1932; the area was drained and then built to the design of local architects Ward & Leckenby.[5] The Popular Stand was erected on the west side using sections of the old Fulfordgate terrace cover, with the Main Stand built opposite.[1] Terraces were banked up in the wedge-shaped areas behind each goal.[1] After four months of construction, Bootham Crescent was ready for the 1932–33 season.[5]

The ground was officially opened on 31 August 1932, when York played Stockport County in a Third Division North match.[5] The club president, Sir John Hunt, marked the occasion by cutting a ribbon of the clubs' colours of chocolate and cream.[5] York's Tom Mitchell scored the first goal at the ground in a 2–2 draw, played before 8,106 supporters.[6] In the first four seasons at Bootham Crescent, attendances were not higher, and sometimes lower than at Fulfordgate.[7] There were teething problems also, with the quality of the pitch questioned, and an incident in March 1934 where the referee and linesmen were found unconscious in their dressing room, due to fumes from a faulty heater.[7]

The ground first hosted a match against First Division opposition when York played Derby County in an FA Cup third round match on 12 January 1935, which set a new club record attendance of 13,612.[5] Attendance records were set at four successive stages of the FA Cup in the 1937–38 season, culminating in the 28,123 attendance for the sixth round match against Huddersfield Town on 5 March 1938.[5] During the Second World War, the tunnel at the back of the Popular Stand was used as an air-raid shelter for pupils and staff of Shipton Street School.[5] The ground was slightly damaged after the air-raid on York in April 1942, when houses on the Shipton Street End were bombed.[5] Considerable improvements were made to the ground in the immediate post-war period.[8] Deeper drainage and the concreting of the banking at the Grosvenor Road End were completed, and loudspeaking equipment was installed.[8]

One of the stands of the Bootham Crescent association football ground, with supporters sitting down and a grass field below
The Main Stand in 2015

It was announced at the shareholder's annual meeting in September 1948 that York had purchased Bootham Crescent for £4,075, with the club's finances in a strong position at the time.[8] Bigger crowds were recorded around the country in the post-war period, and York achieved five-figure average attendances in 1949 and 1956.[9] Over the late 1940s and early 1950s, concreting was completed on the terracing in the Popular Stand, due to the efforts of the supporters' club, and the Shipton Street End.[8] York reached the semi-final of the FA Cup in the 1954–55 season, and two matches from this run were played at Bootham Crescent.[10] This included the first round match against Scarborough, which York won 3–2, and the fifth round match against Tottenham Hotspur, which was won 3–1 before a crowd of 21,000.[10] During the summer of 1955 the Main Stand was extended towards Shipton Street, funded by profits gained from the FA Cup run and a stand extension fund.[11]

A concrete wall was built at the Grosvenor Road End for over £3,000 in 1956, as a safety precaution and as a support for additional banking and terracing.[12] These improvements saw the ground's capacity extended to 23,600.[13] Two FA Cup ties against First Division opposition were held at the ground in the 1957–58 season.[13] Birmingham City were beaten 3–0, followed by a 0–0 draw with Bolton Wanderers, which drew a capacity crowd of 23,600.[13] Floodlights were installed at the ground in the summer of 1959, costing £14,500, a substantial part of which was raised by the auxiliary supporters' club.[12] They were officially switched on for a friendly against Newcastle United on 28 October 1959, which Newcastle won 8–2 before a crowd of 9,414.[14]

York reached the quarter-final of the League Cup in the 1961–62 season, and in the earlier rounds beat Bristol City, Leicester City, Watford and Bournemouth at Bootham Crescent.[15] The half-time scoreboard at the Shipton Street End ceased to be used by 1965, but remained as advertising hoarding.[14] Seats were installed in the Popular Stand for the 1974–75 season, York's first in the Second Division.[16] This increased the ground's seating capacity to 2,762,[16] but meant the overall capacity was reduced to 16,529.[7] The floodlights were updated and improved for £20,000, and were officially switched on by former Wolverhampton Wanderers player Derek Dougan for a friendly with Grimsby Town on 1 August 1980.[16] A gymnasium was built at the Grosvenor Road End for £50,000 early in 1981, and to help towards this York received £15,000 from the Sports Council and £20,000 from the Football League Improvement Trust.[16] In the summer of 1983 new offices for the manager, secretary, matchday and lottery manager were built, along with a vice-presidents' lounge.[16] The lounge was officially opened by Jack Dunnett, the chairman of the Football League, prior to a match against Wrexham in November 1983.[16]

One of the stands of the Bootham Crescent association football ground, with supporters sitting down and players standing on a grass field below
The Popular Stand in 2007

By the early 1980s cracks had appeared in the wall built at the back of the Grosvenor Road End.[16] The rear of the terracing was cordoned off, and the capacity of the ground reduced to under 13,500.[16] The Grosvenor Road End was segregated and allocated to away supporters, and fencing was erected for the first time before the FA Cup match against Liverpool in February 1985.[16] All the fencing had been dismantled by the early 2000s.[16] During the 1983–84 and 1984–85 seasons problems had arisen in handling big crowds, due to the ground having only two of four sides available for entry and exit, and the home supporters funnelling through the car park to the Shipton Street End.[16] Extensive improvements were made in the summer of 1985 for approximately £100,000, and eight new turnstiles were installed at the Shipton Street End.[16] Further, the dressing rooms were refurbished to incorporate new baths and showers, and a new referees' changing room and physiotherapist's treatment room were readied.[16] Hospitality boxes were built into the Main Stand during the 1986–87 season, and video equipment was installed inside the ground.[16] Crash barriers were strengthened, meaning ground safety requirements were met.[16] These improvements meant that on the eve of the Taylor Report, the ground's capacity was 14,109, of which 3,059 were seated.[7] However, in September 1989 it was announced that the capacity had been increased to 14,628.[16]

The ground's one major drawback was the lack of covered standing accommodation at the Shipton Street End, but the cost of erecting a stand had been prohibitive.[17] The Shipton Street Roof Appeal was launched in the spring of 1988 to raise money for a stand, and fundraising schemes were put into place.[17] York player David Longhurst collapsed and died from heart failure during a match against Lincoln City at Bootham Crescent on 8 September 1990.[17][18] With the approval of his family, the David Longhurst Memorial Fund was launched.[17] All donations were added to the monies already raised for the roof appeal.[17] The Football Trust contributed half of the £150,000 cost of the stand, and it was constructed in the summer of 1991.[17] The David Longhurst Stand was officially opened on 14 October 1991 in a friendly match against Leeds United, which was watched by a crowd of 4,374.[17]

The Family Stand was opened in the Main Stand in 1992, and manager John Ward played an important role in the £220,000 project, as he helped raise funds by running the London Marathon.[7][17] New floodlights were installed over the summer of 1995 at a cost of £122,000, and despite being shorter in height were twice as powerful as the original floodlights.[17] A new drainage system was installed to improve the quality of the pitch during winter, which cost several thousand pounds.[19] A water tower was also installed in the late 1990s, to help the quality of the pitch.[19]

One of the stands of the Bootham Crescent association football ground, with supporters cheering and players standing on a grass field below
The Grosvenor Road End in 2015

Bootham Crescent Holdings (BCH) was formed in the summer of 1999, and the club's real property assets, including Bootham Crescent, were transferred to this holding company.[20] The ground and the club were put up for sale for £4.5 million by chairman Douglas Craig in December 2001.[21] He later announced that the ground would close by June 2002, and talks had been held over a move to Huntington Stadium.[22] During the summer of 2002, new chairman John Batchelor said he wanted to build a new stadium at Clifton Moor, and appointed Ian McAndrew as stadium director.[23] Persimmon, who had bought 10% of the shares in BCH, submitted planning applications for 93 homes on the site of Bootham Crescent.[23] York's lease of the ground was extended to May 2004, and the club proceeded with plans to move to Huntington Stadium.[24] After months of negotiations the club bought the ground in February 2004, after securing a £2 million loan from the Football Stadia Improvement Fund (FSIF).[25]

York were relegated into the Conference National for the 2004–05 season,[24] bringing an end to 72 years of Football League football at Bootham Crescent.[26] In January 2005 the ground was renamed KitKat Crescent, as part of a sponsorship deal that saw Nestlé donate £100,000 to the club.[27] The ground was still commonly referred to as Bootham Crescent.[19] The deal expired in January 2010, when Nestlé ended all their sponsorship arrangements with the club.[28] York returned to the Football League for the 2012–13 season, and their first League Two match at Bootham Crescent ended in a 3–1 defeat to Wycombe Wanderers on 18 August 2012, before a 4,591 crowd.[29]

Structure and facilities[edit]

Three of the stands of the Bootham Crescent association football ground, with players standing on a grass field inbetween
View from the Grosvenor Road End in 2007, with the Popular Stand to the left, the David Longhurst Stand opposite and the Main Stand to the right
Diagram showing the composition of the Bootham Crescent association football ground
Plan of the ground

The ground can accommodate 7,872 supporters, including seating for 3,409.[30] It comprises four stands; the Main Stand, the Popular Stand, the David Longhurst Stand and the Grosvenor Road End.[19]

The Main Stand, which can seat 1,757 spectators, is an all-seated stand which covers the length of two-thirds of the pitch.[19][27] It contains the dressing rooms, club offices, ticket offices and hospitality suites, and contains a number of supporting pillars.[19] The stand has open corners to either side, one of which is where the supporters' club is located, and to the rear has windshields to either side.[31] At the front of it is the Family Stand, which offers adjusted rates for children and their carers.[32] Opposite is the Popular Stand, a covered all-seated stand, which contains a number of supporting pillars and holds a television gantry on its roof.[19][31] It can seat 1,652 spectators.[27]

The northernmost stand of the ground is the David Longhurst Stand, which is a covered terrace for home supporters and has a row of supporting pillars across its front.[19][31] The stand was originally known as the Shipton Street End, but was renamed following the death of David Longhurst.[17] The current capacity of the stand is 3,062.[27] Opposite is the Grosvenor Road End, an open terrace reserved for away supporters which holds a capacity of 1,400.[19][31][33] As well as this, away supporters are permitted to use 332 seats of the Popular Stand, in the section closest to the Grosvenor Road End.[34]

The grass pitch measures 104 by 64 metres (114 by 70 yd).[35][36] Head groundsman Bryan Foster was presented with a gold watch from the directors in March 1988, in recognition of his long and outstanding service.[14] His successor, Bryan Horner, was voted the Second Division groundsman of the year in 1999.[14] Since then, the post has been held by Jez Milner, Mark Hirst and Wayne Simpson.[14][37] A club shop is situated just inside the car park, which also houses the commercial manager's office.[38] Adjoining this is the social club, known as the 1922 Bar since August 2015, and the players' bar.[38][39]

Future[edit]

The terms of the FSIF loan required the club to identify a site for a new stadium by 2007, and have detailed planning permission by 2009, to avoid financial penalties.[40] Once plans for a new stadium were in place, the loan would turn into a grant to assist in funding the relocation.[40] As part of the loan agreement, Persimmon have first refusal on purchasing Bootham Crescent once York leave, for 10% lower than its market value.[41] Persimmon still intend to build 93 homes on the site, and the proceeds of the sale would go towards building the new stadium.[42] In March 2008 York's managing director Jason McGill cited "the annual cost of £60,000 for the maintenance and upkeep of a 1932 stadium with few commercial and income-generating opportunities" as the reason for the continued need to move to a new stadium.[43]

Despite the club failing to formally identify a site by the end of 2007, financial penalties were not incurred, as the FSIF were satisfied with the progress made.[44] However, McGill said plans with the preferred site had ground to a halt by March 2008.[45] City of York Council announced its commitment to building a community stadium in May 2008,[46] which would be used by York and the city's rugby league club, York City Knights.[47] The council chose the option of building a 6,000 all-seater stadium at Monks Cross in Huntington, on the site of Huntington Stadium, in July 2010.[48][49] Greenwich Leisure Ltd were named as the council's preferred bidder to deliver an 8,000 all-seater stadium and leisure complex in August 2014.[50] Construction is expected to start in February or March 2016, for completion in April or May 2017.[51]

Other uses[edit]

Bootham Crescent hosted a representative match in which a Football League XI beat the Northern Command 9–2 on 17 October 1942, before a crowd of 5,500.[5] The ground hosted its first major neutral match in February 1968, when Middlesbrough beat Hull City 1–0 in an FA Cup third round second replay, in front of a crowd of 16,524.[14] During the 2012–13 season Bootham Crescent hosted one fixture apiece for Harrogate Town and Gateshead, as the pitches at their grounds were unplayable.[52][53] The ground hosted the 2013 FA Women's Premier League Cup Final on 5 May 2013,[54] when Aston Villa beat Leeds United 5–4 on penalties after a 0–0 extra time draw.[55]

The ground first held international football in May 1952, when England schools, who were captained by future York manager Wilf McGuinness, beat Ireland 5–0 before 16,000 spectators.[8] It has hosted a number of youth international matches, most notably the England under-18's 4–0 win over Northern Ireland on 13 October 1996, in which 16-year-old Michael Owen scored a hat-trick for England.[17] Bootham Crescent hosted three matches in the 2001 UEFA European Under-16 Championship,[56] including France's 2–0 win over Russia in the quarter-final on 30 April 2001, watched by 557 spectators.[57]

The ground has also held non-football events.[17] It hosted a music concert in September 1979 and a grand fireworks display in October 1982 to celebrate the centenary of the Yorkshire Evening Press.[58] Sporting events to have taken place include an American football match in the summer of 1988, and a rugby league match between York RLFC and Leeds RLFC in the Challenge Cup before a crowd of 11,347 on 29 January 1989, which was won 28–9 by Leeds.[27][59] Beer festivals, organised by the York Minstermen supporters' group, were held at the ground's social club from 2008 to 2012.[60][61]

Records[edit]

Graph showing the highest and and average league attendances at the Bootham Crescent association football ground
York's highest and average league attendances at Bootham Crescent from the 1932–33 season

The highest attendance record at the ground was 28,123 for a match against Huddersfield Town in the FA Cup sixth round on 5 March 1938.[62] The highest attendance in the Football League is 21,010 against Hull City in the Third Division North on 23 April 1949.[63] The attendance of 1,167 against Northampton Town on 5 May 1981 is the lowest ever to see York in a Football League match.[64] York were relegated into the Conference National in 2004, and their highest home attendance in this division was 6,660 for a game against Morecambe on 4 May 2007.[65] The lowest was 1,567 for a match against Exeter City on 10 March 2008.[66] The lowest attendance at the ground for any first team fixture was 608 for a Conference League Cup third round match against Mansfield Town on 4 November 2008.[67][68]

The highest seasonal average attendance for York at Bootham Crescent was 10,412 in the 1948–49 season.[63] York's lowest seasonal average was 2,139 in the 1977–78 season, which came after two successive relegations from the Second Division.[69] The most recent season in which the average attendance was more than 10,000 was in the 1955–56 season.[69] This season also saw York's highest total seasonal attendance at the ground, which was 236,685.[70] The lowest total seasonal attendance was 48,357 for the 1977–78 season in the Fourth Division.[71]

York's biggest margin of victory at Bootham Crescent was by eight goals, achieved with a 9–1 win over Southport in the Third Division North on 2 February 1957.[72] Their biggest margin of defeat at the ground was by seven goals, when they were beaten 7–0 by Rochdale in a Third Division North match on 14 January 1939.[73] The most goals scored in a match was 12 on 16 November 1935, when York defeated Mansfield Town 7–5 in the Third Division North.[74]

Transport[edit]

The ground is located just over a mile away from York railway station,[31] which is approximately a 20 minute walk.[75] The station lies on the East Coast Main Line between London King's Cross railway station and Edinburgh Waverley railway station.[31] Many of the roads near the ground are for residential permit holders only, meaning car parking at the ground is notoriously difficult.[19] Parking on matchdays at nearby York Hospital has been available since January 2014.[76] A park and ride facility operates in the city, and a number of lines drop off within walking distance of the ground.[75]

References[edit]

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  70. ^ Batters. York City: The Complete Record. p. 304.  Calculated by adding the home attendances figures.
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