Kitchingnathus

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Kitchingnathus
Temporal range: Early Triassic, Olenekian
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Clade: Parareptilia
Order: Procolophonomorpha
Family: Procolophonidae
Genus: Kitchingnathus
Cisneros, 2008
Species
  • K. untabeni Cisneros, 2008 (type)

Kitchingnathus (Kitchings' mandible) is an extinct genus of basal procolophonid parareptile from Early Triassic (early Olenekian stage) deposits of Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. It is known from the holotype BP/1/1187, skull and partial postcranium, which was first assigned to the more derived Procolophon trigoniceps. It was collected by the South African palaeontologist, James W. Kitching in October 1952 from Hobbs Hill, west of Cathcart. It was found in the middle or upper part of the Katberg Formation of the Beaufort Group (Karoo Basin) and referred to the uppermost Lystrosaurus Assemblage Zone. It was first named by Juan Carlos Cisneros in 2008 and the type species is Kitchingnathus untabeni. The generic name honours James W. Kitching, and "gnathus", from Greek meaning mandible. The specific name meaning "from the hill", in isiZulu, in reference to the locality where the fossil was found.[1]

Phylogeny[edit]

Cladogram after Cisneros, 2008:[1]

Procolophonidae



Coletta



Sauropareion





Kitchingnathus




Phaanthosaurus



Theledectinae


"Eumetabolodon" dongshengensis



Theledectes





Tichvinskia




Procolophoninae



Leptopleuroninae








References[edit]